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Global Geoparks Network


Global Geoparks Network

circular logo of the Global Geoparks Network

The Global Geoparks Network (GGN) (also known as the Global Network of National Geoparks) is a UNESCO assisted network established in 1998. Managed under the body’s Ecological and Earth Sciences Division, the GGN seeks the promotion and conservation of the planet’s geological heritage, as well as encourages the sustainable research and development by the concerned communities.[1][2][3]


  • The network 1
  • See also 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

The network

The world distribution of geoparks as of 2014.

The international network seeks the membership geoparks—geographical areas where geological heritage is the focus of local protection, education and development.

A set of criteria as established by UNESCO must first be met for a geopark, as nominated by the corresponding government, to be included in the GGN:

  • the existence of a management plan designed to foster socio-economic development that is sustainable (most likely to be based on agritourism and geotourism);
  • demonstrate methods for conserving and enhancing geological heritage and provide means for teaching geoscientific disciplines and broader environmental issues;
  • joint-proposals submitted by public authorities, local communities and private interests acting together, which demonstrate the best practices with respect to Earth heritage conservation and its integration into sustainable development strategies

Criteria satisfaction is evaluated during biennial meetings (every even year) by the Geoparks Committee, known as the International Conference on Geoparks, which is also in charge with the periodic review of projects related to geological awareness. The first members of the GGN were named during the first conference in 2004, and it has continued to grow since then:

Session Year Site Date
1st 2004 Beijing, China June 27–July 7
2nd 2006 Belfast, United Kingdom September 17–21
3rd 2008 Osnabrück, Germany June 22–26
4th 2010 Langkawi, Malaysia April 12–16
5th 2012 Unzen Volcanic Area Geopark (Shimabara, Japan) May 12–15
6th 2014 Stonehammer Geopark (Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada) September 19–22

The GGN works in close synergy with another project under UNESCO’s Ecological and Earth Sciences Division—the Man and Biosphere (MAB) World Network of Biosphere Reserves—to come up with and establish different means of sustainable development in promoting the local communities’ relationship with the natural environment.

As of September 2015, 120 geoparks from 33 countries have been included in the GGN.[4]

See also


  1. ^ UNESCO Division of Ecological and Earth Sciences
  2. ^ Global Geoparks Network
  3. ^ Application Guidelines and Self-Evaluation form for Membership in the Global Geoparks Network
  4. ^ [2]

External links

  • UNESCO list of Global Geoparks — Global Geoparks Network members
  • International Union of Geological Sciences — Minutes of the 46th Executive Committee Meeting, Cairo, Egypt, January 26–30, 2000.
  • International Union of Geological Sciences — 45th Executive Committee Meeting, Vienna, Austria, January 26–30, 1998.
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