World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Glucogenic amino acid

Article Id: WHEBN0010133505
Reproduction Date:

Title: Glucogenic amino acid  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Ketogenic amino acid, Amino acid, Valine, Threonine, Alanine
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Glucogenic amino acid

A glucogenic amino acid is an amino acid that can be converted into glucose through gluconeogenesis.[1][2] This is in contrast to the ketogenic amino acids, which are converted into ketone bodies.

The production of glucose from glucogenic amino acids involves these amino acids being converted to alpha keto acids and then to glucose, with both processes occurring in the liver. This mechanism predominates during catabolysis, rising as fasting and starvation increase in severity.

In humans, the glucogenic amino acids are:

Amino acids that are both glucogenic and ketogenic:

Only leucine and lysine are not glucogenic.

See also

References

  1. ^ Brosnan J (1 June 2003). "Interorgan amino acid transport and its regulation". J Nuitr 133 (6 Suppl 1): 2068S–2072S.  
  2. ^ Young V, Ajami A (1 September 2001). "Glutamine: the emperor or his clothes?". J Nutr 131 (9 Suppl): 2449S–59S; discussion 2486S–7S.  

External links

  • Amino acid metabolism
  • by Jeremy Berg, John Tymoczko, Lubert Stryer. Fourth ed. by Lubert Stryer. ISBN 0-7167-4955-6 Accessed 2007-03-17BiochemistryChapter on Amino acid catabolism in
  • Amino acid metabolism


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.