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Government of Uttar Pradesh

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Government of Uttar Pradesh

Government of Uttar Pradesh
Official seal of Government of Uttar Pradesh
Nickname(s): Land of the Ganges and Yamuna
Country  India
State Uttar Pradesh
Region Awadh, Braj, Bundelkhand, Purvanchal, RohilKhand
High Court Allahabad High Court
District Courts India undefined
Uttar Pradesh 14 November 18342
Capital Lucknow
 • Governor Sri Ram Naik
 • Chief Minister Akhilesh Yadav
 • Chief Secretary Alok Ranjan
 • Total 243,286 km2 (93,933 sq mi)
Area rank 5th
Population [1]
 • Total 193,977,000
 • Rank 1st
 • Density 792/km2 (2,050/sq mi)
 • Official Hindi, Urdu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
ISO 3166 code IN-UP
Vehicle registration UP XX XXXX
No. of districts 701
Largest metro Kanpur
Sex ratio 111.4 /
HDI Increase
HDI Rank 25th
HDI Year 2005
HDI Category low
Climate Cfa (Köppen)
Avg. annual temperature 31 °C (88 °F)
Avg. summer temperature 46 °C (115 °F)
Avg. winter temperature 6 °C (43 °F)
Website .in.nic.upgovwww

1 The decision to possibly create additional districts is pending.
- 14 November 1834 : Presidency of Agra.
- 1 January 1836 : North-Western Provinces.
- 3 April 1858 : Oudh taken under British control, Delhi taken away from NWP & merged into Punjab.
- 1 April 1871 : Ajmer, Merwara & Kekri made separate commissionership.
- 15 February 1877 : Oudh added to North-Western Provinces.
- 22 March 1902 : Renamed United Provinces of Agra and Oudh.
- 3 January 1921 : Renamed United Provinces of British India.
- 1 April 1937 : Renamed United Provinces
- 1 April 1946 : Self rule granted.
- 15 August 1947 : Part of independent India.
- 26 January 1950 : Renamed Uttar Pradesh

- 9 November 2000 : Uttaranchal, now known as Uttarakhand, state created from part of Uttar Pradesh.

The government of Uttar Pradesh is a democratically elected body in India with the Governor as its constitutional head. The Governor of Uttar Pradesh is appointed for a period of five years and appoints the Chief Minister and his council of ministers, who are vested with legislative powers. The governor remains a ceremonial head of the state, while the Chief Minister and his council are responsible for day-to-day government functions. Government of UP's influence on Indian Politics is paramount as it send the largest number of Lok Sabha seats to Indian Parliament


  • Administrative divisions 1
  • Legislature 2
    • Legislative assembly (Vidhan Sabha) 2.1
    • Legislative council (Vidhan Parishad) 2.2
  • Ministry 3
  • Bureaucrats 4
  • Judiciary 5
  • Executive 6
  • Politics 7
  • Schemes/Projects by Uttar Pradesh Government 8
  • State seal 9
  • See also 10
  • References 11
  • External links 12

Administrative divisions

The Indian state of Uttar Pradesh is made up of 75 administrative districts, that are grouped into 18 divisions as of 2012.


The Uttar Pradesh is one of only six states in India with a bicameral legislature—i.e., has two houses, the Vidhan Sabha, a legislative assembly, and the Vidhan Parishad, a legislative council.

Legislative assembly (Vidhan Sabha)

This is the lower house. Members of the legislative assembly are elected directly by the people of Uttar Pradesh. The government is formed by the elected members of the assembly. The election to the Legislative Assembly is held once in five years which is also the tenure of an elected Government. But in case the government loses the confidence of the Assembly, a midterm election may become necessary. There are 403 seats in the Uttar Pradesh Vidhan Sabha.

Legislative council (Vidhan Parishad)

This is the upper house. There are 100 seats in the Uttar Pradesh Vidhan Parishad.


The government is headed by the Governor who appoints the Chief Minister and his council of ministers. The Governor is appointed for a period of five years and acts as the constitutional head of the State. Even though the governor remains the ceremonial head of the state, the day to day running of the government is taken care of by the Chief Minister and his council of ministers in whom a great deal of legislative powers is vested.

The Secretariat headed by the secretary to the governor assists the council of ministers. The council of ministers consists of cabinet Ministers, ministers of state and deputy ministers. The chief minister is also assisted by the Chief Secretary, who is the head of the administrative services.


District Magistrates/ Collectors are appointed as the main officers to look after each district for general administration.


There is a high court at Allahabad and its bench is at Lucknow and courts in every district centres and some Tehsils centres.


A district of an Indian state is an administrative geographical unit, headed by a Deputy Commissioner or District Magistrate, an officer belonging to the Indian Administrative Service. The district magistrate or the deputy commissioner is assisted by a number of officers belonging to Uttar Pradesh Civil Service and other state services.

A Deputy Commissioner of Police, an officer belonging to the Indian Police Service is entrusted with the responsibility of maintaining law and order and related issues of the district. He is assisted by the officers of the Uttar Pradesh Police Service and other Uttar Pradesh Police officials. A Deputy Conservator of Forests, an officer belonging to the Indian Forest Service is responsible for managing the forests, the environment, and wildlife-related issues of the district with the assistance of the Uttar Pradesh Forest Service. Sectoral development is looked after by the district head of each development department such as PWD, Health, Education, Agriculture, animal husbandry, etc. These officers belong to the various State Services.


Uttar Pradesh politics is dominated by the regional parties Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) and Samajwadi Party (SP), with the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) as the third major party. The Samajawadi Party occupies the current government headed by Chief Minister Akhilesh Yadav.

Schemes/Projects by Uttar Pradesh Government

Free laptop distribution scheme Free laptop distribution scheme of Uttar Pradesh Government was the scheme of the Government of Uttar Pradesh headed by Akhilesh Singh Yadav of Samajwadi Party.[5] Under the scheme 1.5 million laptops to Class 12-pass students of the state were distributed.The laptops, which operates in Hindi, English and Urdu, were acquired from HP for the world's largest programme of its kind.[6] The beneficiaries included students passing high school and intermediate examination conducted by Uttar Pradesh Secondary Education Board, Poorva Madhyama and Madhyama of Sanskrit Education Board, Munshi/Maulvi and Alim of Madrasa Board. CBSE, ICSE and ISC, besides students of recognized ITI and polytechnics where minimum eligibility for admission is high school or equivalent, are also eligible for the benefit. Ruling Samajwadi Party had promised in its election manifesto to give free tablets and laptops to students passing high school and intermediate examination from different boards.[7]

Lucknow Metro The Lucknow Metro (Hindi: लखनऊ मेट्रो; Urdu: لکھنؤ میٹرو‎) is an under construction rapid transit system in the city of Lucknow, India. Construction on the first phase began on 27 September 2014. Lucknow Metro Rail Corporation Limited or LMRC is responsible to build and operate this network.[8] The metro project will be the most expensive public transport system in the state of Uttar Pradesh, costing 12500 crore (US$2 billion). It will provide speedy mass transport and help in reduce traffic congestion on city roads.

The proposed metro rail network was planned to consist of two corridors: North-South and East-West one from Amausi to Munshi Pulia and other from Vasant Kunj to Charbagh Railway Station. Both lines will intersect at Charbagh. An extension line from Indira Nagar – Gomti Nagar – Polytechnic Crossing will extend it to Patrakarpuram, Gomti Nagar.[9] The difference between arrival time of trains at each station is expected to be 7 minutes. This would be reduced to 5 minutes and then to 3 minutes in phases.

Greater Noida Metro System[10] A new metro rail network will shortly be developed between Noida and Greater Noida. Measuring 29.707 km, it will be developed at an estimated cost of Rs 5,064 crore. The detailed project report (DPR) has already been prepared by Delhi Metro Rail Corporation.

According to the DPR, 22 stations are proposed, of which 13 will be constructed on ground while seven stations will be elevated. Two stations at Knowledge Park-I and sector Delta-1 in Greater Noida are planned for future expansion.

Starting from Noida City Centre in Sector 32, the proposed Metro corridor will lead towards Greater Noida via stations in sectors 50, 51, 78, 101, 81, on the Dadri road, 83, 85, 137, 142, 143, 144, 147, 153 & sector 149 in Noida.

It will enter Greater Noida through Knowledge Park-II and traverse Pari Chowk, Sector-Alpha 1 and 2, before terminating at Depot station proposed near recreational green, Knowledge Park-IV in Greater Noida. The entire Metro alignment is proposed to be elevated.

A special purpose vehicle (SPV) would be formed for the development, operation and maintenance of the metro rail. The Uttar Pradesh cabinet has approved the Project and forwarded the DPR to Government of India in October 2013.

The Government of India and UP will each bear 20% of the costs and loans from external agencies would be taken to fund the rest 60% of the project. Twenty per cent funding from UP will be shared by Noida and Greater Noida Authorities, based on the length of track that passes through the two areas.

The metro link is expected to be commissioned by 2017.

Expansion of Metro Rail Project (Second Phase) in Ghaziabad. The Uttar Pradesh Cabinet gave its approval to the proposed memorandum of understanding (MoU) between Delhi Metro and Ghaziabad Development Authority (GDA) for the project. With the expansion of the metro rail service from Delhi to Ghaziabad, commuting up to Delhi railway station and other important places would become easy for the people.

State seal

The twin fish, the state symbol of Uttar Pradesh, is found on almost all ancient buildings. The twin fish symbol is believed originally from the Mediterranean states from which it travelled to and settled around Lucknow. The same twin fish symbol can also be seen in ancient buildings in Nepal, Pakistan, China, and Japan and the gate of royal tomb of King Suro in the South Korean city of Gimhae.[11]

See also


  1. ^ "Population estimate". 2008-07-01. Retrieved 2008-08-15. 
  2. ^ Cahoon, Ben (2000). "Provinces of British India". Retrieved 2009-09-21. 
  3. ^ "Governors of Uttar Pradesh". Retrieved 2009-09-21. 
  4. ^ Ben Cahoon. "Indian states since 1947". Retrieved 2009-09-21. 
  5. ^ Laptop Tablet Distribution Scheme
  6. ^ Laptop distribution comes to an end in UP
  7. ^ Free latops and tablets for UP students | NDTV Gadgets
  8. ^ "Work on Metro project initiated".  
  9. ^ "Lucknow gets projects worth Rs 2400cr".  
  10. ^ Greater Noida Industrial Development Authority
  11. ^ "Korean Relative of Kings of Ayodhya Goes on Evidence Hunting", Tarannum Manjul, The Indian Express, 21 January 2010.

External links

  • Official website of the Government of India
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