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Grigol Orbeliani

Prince Grigol Orbeliani

Prince Grigol Orbeliani or Jambakur-Orbeliani (Caucasus.

Contents

  • Family 1
  • Service career 2
  • Cultural legacy 3
  • Notes 4
  • References 5

Family

Grigol Orbeliani was born into a prominent aristocratic family in the Georgian capital of Andronikashvili was a granddaughter, on her mother’s side, of Erekle II, the penultimate and popular king of Georgia, whose cult would later be introduced into Georgian literature by Grigol Orbeliani himself.

Orbeliani had close family and friendly ties with the contemporary Georgian aristocratic and literary élite: Griboyedov’s widow and Alexander Chavchavadze’s daughter, Nino, who inspired the poet with desperate, but courtly passion for nearly thirty years, although he had been betrothed in the cradle to Princess Sopio Orbeliani.[1] He was a cousin of the two poets and generals - Alexander and Vakhtang Orbeliani. To distinguish himself from his namesake cousins, Grigol Orbeliani also used an ancestral name "Qaplanishvili".[2]

Service career

Orbeliani received his early education at local nobility gymnasium and artillery school. In the 1820s, he entered the Russian military service, and took part in a series of Decembrist ideologues and a bellicose poem, The Weapon (იარაღი).[2]

By virtue both of his aristocratic status and his abilities, Orbeliani was able to resume his military career and would rise to high positions in the Mikhail Semyonovich Vorontsov. A typical romanticist and patriot in his poetry, Orbeliani, like his older contemporary, fellow poet and general Alexander Chavchavadze, remained a loyal officer in the imperial service throughout his career.[3][4]

Orbeliani spent most of his military career in the Shota Rustaveli's medieval epic The Knight in the Panther's Skin.[2]

Cultural legacy

Although Orbeliani’s earliest writings are in prose dating to 1824, his prose pieces have fallen into oblivion. Most of his poetry is noted for patriotic motifs and extravagant praise of wine and women. Like his contemporary Georgian romanticists, Orbeliani’s lyrics are pervaded with laments over the lost past and the fall of the Georgian monarchy. What distinguishes him, however, is his love for the street poetry and the ashug minstrelsy to which he himself added with such lyrics as Mukhambazi (მუხამბაზი).[5][6]

Orbaliani’s poetry prior to the collapse of the 1832 conspiracy is remarkably bellicose and optimistic, while post-1832 lyrics are more elegiac, infused with sentimental patriotic feelings about the irretrievable glory of the past. His best and longest works is an ode A Toast, or A Night Feast after War near Yerevan (სადღეგრძელო, ანუ ომის შემდგომ ღამე ლხინი, ერევნის სიახლოვეს) whose original version was composed on the occasion of the battle of Yerevan during the

  • Routledge, ISBN 0-7007-1163-5.
  • Kveselava, M (2002), Anthology of Georgian Poetry, p. 16. The Minerva Group, Inc., ISBN 0-89875-672-3. (The book also includes the English translations of Orbeliani's poems Before the Fresco Painting of Queen T'amar in the Church of Bet'ania, and When I Wake)
  • Indiana University Press, ISBN 0-253-20915-3.

References

  1. ^ Rayfield, pp. 139, 143-4.
  2. ^ a b c Rayfield, p. 143.
  3. ^ Suny, pp. 75, 124.
  4. ^ a b Kveselava, p. 16.
  5. ^ Rayfield, p. 144.
  6. ^ Mukhambazi on YouTube, Russian translation by Nikolay Zabolotsky, music and song by Elena Frolova (first song in record)
  7. ^ Rayfield, pp. 144-5.
  8. ^ Rayfield, pp. 143-4.

Notes

Grigol Orbeliani died in Tiflis at the age of 79. He is buried at the St. George.

Orbeliani’s mutual relations with the new generation of Georgian intellectuals were ambiguous. This new movement, dubbed as "the sons", spearheaded by Alexander Kazbegi, in 1881.[8]

[7][4]

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