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Guido Schmidt

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Guido Schmidt

Guido Schmidt
Schmidt (l.) with Italian Foreign Minister Count Ciano and Chancellor Schuschnigg, 1936
Foreign Minister of Austria
In office
11 July 1936 – 11 March 1938
Chancellor Kurt Schuschnigg
Preceded by Kurt Schuschnigg
Succeeded by Wilhelm Wolf
Personal details
Born (1901-01-15)January 15, 1901
Bludenz, Vorarlberg,
Austria-Hungary
Died December 5, 1957(1957-12-05) (aged 56)
Vienna, Austria
Nationality Austrian
Political party Christian Social
Fatherland's Front
Religion Roman Catholic

Guido Schmidt (15 January 1901 – 5 December 1957) was an Austrian diplomat and politician, who served as Foreign Minister from 1936 to 1938.

Life

Born in Bludenz, Vorarlberg, Schmidt attended the Stella Matutina Jesuit school in Feldkirch, where he met with the later Austrian Chancellor Kurt Schuschnigg. He studied law at the University of Vienna, receiving his doctorate in 1924 and the next year he joined the Austrian diplomatic service. From 1927 he served in the office of President Wilhelm Miklas, promoted to the rank of a vice-director in 1928.

Schmidt was a member of the Christian Social Party and in 1933 joined the Fatherland's Front under Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss. He played an important part in the conclusion of the 1936 "July Agreement" of the Austrofascist government of Dollfuss' successor Kurt Schuschnigg with Nazi Germany and in turn was appointed State Secretary of Foreign Affairs. He and Interior Minister Edmund Glaise-Horstenau served as the main contact men to the German Nazi government. On 12 February 1938 Schuschnigg under pressure from Hitler elevated Schmidt to the rank of a Federal Minister, a post he held until 11 March 1938, when the chancellor was forced to resign only hours before the invasion of Wehrmacht troops and the Austrian Anschluss to Nazi Germany. Schmidt played a vital role in the preceding demission of Chief of Staff Alfred Jansa, nevertheless he did not join the Nazi government of Arthur Seyss-Inquart, whereafter he retired from politics.

By the intercession of Hermann Göring he became an executive director of the Reichswerke industrial conglomerate at Linz on 1 July 1938. In 1945, Schmidt was temporarily imprisoned by the Allied occupation forces because of his pro-Nazi attitude and accused of [[high treason

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