World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Gunkan-bugyō

Article Id: WHEBN0016954488
Reproduction Date:

Title: Gunkan-bugyō  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Kanjō-bugyō, Bugyō, Gusoku-bugyō, Kura-bugyō, Haneda bugyō
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Gunkan-bugyō

Gunkan-bugyō (軍鑑奉行), also known as kaigun-bugō, were officials of the Tokugawa shogunate in Edo period Japan. Appointments to this prominent office were usually fudai daimyō.[1] Conventional interpretations have construed these Japanese titles as "commissioner" or "overseer" or "governor."

This bakufu tile identifies an official with responsibility for naval matters. The office was created on March 28, 1859. The creation of this new position was an administrative change which was deemed necessary because of two treaties which were negotiated with the Americans. The open port provisions were part of the Convention of Kanagawa of 1858, which cam about as the result Commodore Perry's second appearance in Tokyo harbor with armed battleships. More precisely, this bugyō was considered essential because of the Treaty of Amity and Commerce, which had been negotiated in 1858 by the American representative, Townsend Harris—the Harris Treaty of 1858).[1]

The gunkan-bugyō was considered to rank approximately with the kanjō-bugyō.[1]

The genesis of the gunkan-bugyō pre-dates the actual creation of the office.

Kaibō-gakari

The prefix kaibō-gakari meaning "in charge of maritime defense" was used with the titles of some bakufu officials after 1845. This term was used to designate those who bore a special responsibility for overseeing coastal waters, and by implication, for dealing with matters involving foreigners—for example, kaibō-gakari-ōmetsuke which later came to be superseded by the term gaikoku-gakari.[2]

List of gunkan-bugyō

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c Beasley, William G. (1955). Select Documents on Japanese Foreign Policy, 1853-1868, p. 322.
  2. ^ Beasley, p. 323.
  3. ^ Beasley, p. 337.
  4. ^ a b Beasley, p. 338.
  5. ^ Beasley, p. 333.
  6. ^ a b "Military man," Dictionary of history & traditions in Japan web site.

References


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.