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Hioc

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Title: Hioc  
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Subject: Tryptamines, 7,8-Dihydroxyflavone, TrkB receptor agonists, Carboxamides, Indoles
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Hioc

HIOC
Systematic (IUPAC) name
N-[2-(5-Hydroxy-1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl]-2-oxo-3-piperidinecarboxamide
Identifiers
ATC code None
PubChem CID:
ChemSpider
Chemical data
Formula C16H19N3O3
Molecular mass 301.340

HIOC is a small-molecule agent which acts as a selective TrkB receptor agonist (active at at least 100 nM; prominent activation at 500 nM).[1][2][3] It was derived from N-acetylserotonin (NAS).[2][3][4] Relative to NAS, HIOC possesses greater potency and a longer half-life (~30 min or less for NAS in rats, while HIOC is still detectable up to 24 hours after administration to mice; ~4 hour half-life for HIOC in mouse brain tissues).[2][3] It is described as producing long-lasting activation of the TrkB receptor and downstream signaling kinases associated with the receptor.[2] HIOC is systemically-active and is able to penetrate the blood-brain-barrier.[2] In animal studies, HIOC was found to robustly protect against glutamate-induced excitotoxicity, an action which was TrkB-dependent.[3]

See also

References

  1. ^ Longo, Frank M.; Massa, Stephen M. (2013). "Small-molecule modulation of neurotrophin receptors: a strategy for the treatment of neurological disease". Nature Reviews Drug Discovery 12 (7): 507–525.  
  2. ^ a b c d e Iuvone, P. Michael; Boatright, Jeffrey H.; Tosini, Gianluca; Ye, Keqiang (2014). "N-Acetylserotonin: Circadian Activation of the BDNF Receptor and Neuroprotection in the Retina and Brain" 801. pp. 765–771.  
  3. ^ a b c d Shen, J.; Ghai, K.; Sompol, P.; Liu, X.; Cao, X.; Iuvone, P. M.; Ye, K. (2012). "N-acetyl serotonin derivatives as potent neuroprotectants for retinas". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 109 (9): 3540–3545.  
  4. ^ Tosini, G.; Ye, K.; Iuvone, P. M. (2012). "N-Acetylserotonin: Neuroprotection, Neurogenesis, and the Sleepy Brain". The Neuroscientist 18 (6): 645–653.  



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