World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0001889743
Reproduction Date:

Title: Haldia  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Haldia subdivision, National Highway 41 (India), Tamluk, Cities and towns in West Bengal, List of bus lines in Kolkata
Collection: Port Cities in India, Purba Medinipur District
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Industrial City
Haldia is located in West Bengal
Location in West Bengal, India
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Purba Medinipur
Elevation 8 m (26 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 200,762
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Telephone code 03224 42200
Lok Sabha constituency Tamluk
Vidhan Sabha constituency Haldia
Website .com.haldiatourismwww

Haldia is a city and a municipality in Purba Medinipur in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is a major riverport and industrial belt located approximately 125 kilometres southwest of Calcutta near the mouth of the Hooghly River, one of the distributaries of the Ganges. The population in 2011 was 200,762.

Haldia is being developed as a major trade port for Calcutta (Kolkata), intended mainly for bulk cargoes. The industrial city has several major factories, including South Asian Petrochemicals Ltd, Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IOCL), Exide, Shaw Wallace, Tata Chemicals, Haldia Petrochemicals and Hindustan Lever, in addition to various light industries. The port has attracted Major International Petrochemicals Companies, like Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation (MCC). Mitsubishi Chemicals has the Second Largest Terephthalic Acid Producing Plant in Haldia.[1]

The Haldia Township is bordered by the Haldi River an offshoot of the Ganges River. The riverside in Haldia is a favorite destination for residents and one can see people strolling down the riverside during the evenings. A catamaran service used to operate from Kolkata to Haldia, but was withdrawn due to its high price and a decreasing number of passengers.

Haldia is also a base of Indian Coast Guard. There is a hoverport to house two of the six hovercrafts belonging to the Indian Coast Guard. It is one of the major ports in India.


  • Upcoming projects and developments 1
  • Geography 2
  • Demographics 3
  • Climate 4
  • Transportation 5
  • Education 6
  • Sports 7
  • Brajanathchak 8
  • Brajalalchak 9
  • Sataku 10
  • References 11
  • External links 12

Upcoming projects and developments

  • Haldia will be declared as the first "green port" in the country for using bio-diesel in its operation
  • Kickstart of the construction of a multi-modal transport hub
  • A Vessel Traffic Management System at Dadan Patra Bar near Mandarmoni will also be initiated
  • Lease for 141 acres to various private,government organisations entailing an investment of around Rs 5,350 crore.
  • HDC will hand over 51 acres to Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) to set up an inland waterways hub at Haldia. It will be set up with financial assistance from the World Bank
  • HDC will hand over 20 acres on lease to Indian Oil Corporation Ltd for expansion of its refinery.
  • Emami Agrotech Ltd, will commission a 400 tonne-per-day (TPD) edible oil refining capacity
  • BPCL will be given 45 acres
  • Exide will be given 5 acres
  • 9 acres will be allocated to Aegis Logistics Ltd. to expand its existing tank farm.
  • A transfer agreement with Jindal ITF is also on track for trans-loading and movement of dry bulk cargo along the river Hooghly. [2]


Haldia is located at .[3] It has an average elevation of 8 metres (26 ft).


As of 2011 census, Haldia had a population of 200,762, out of which 104,852 were males and 95,910 were females. The 0–6 years population was 21,122. Effective literacy rate for the 7+ population was 89.06 per cent.[4]


Climate chart ()
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: Weather 2[5]

Haldia has a typical moderate climate with winter temperatures ranging from a low of around 7 degrees Celsius to a high of 22 degrees Celsius. Summers can be very hot and humid. Usual summer temperatures in May, the hottest month range from a low of 24 degrees to highs around 39 degrees. Rainfall is heavy during monsoons, and the rainy months are between May and September.


Haldia is connected to Kolkata by both bus and train. Recent efforts have seen introduction of new air-conditioned buses which takes less than three hours from the place to Kolkata. Haldia is also connected via the 1620 km long inland waterway, National Waterway 1 that runs from Allahabad across Ganges, Bhagirathi and Hooghly river system to Haldia (Sagar).


The main schools are St. Xavier's High School (CBSE & WBBSE- for next 2 years), The Assembly of God Church School (ICSE & ISC),Vivekananda Mission(ICSE), Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan (CBSE) Haldia Govt. Spon. Vivekanada Vidyabhaban (WBBSE), Chakdwipa High School Govt. Spon. (WBBSE),Manoharpur High School (WBBSE),Poura Path Bhavan (WBBSE), Tagore Public School New Colony Durgachak (CBSE), Kendriya Vidyalaya,Debhog Shyamacharan Milan Vidyapith, Haldia High School, Labanya Prava Balika Vidyalaya, Saradamoni Balika Vidyalya, Nibedita High School, Joynagar High School, Deulpota High School,Coast Guard KG School at Azad Hind Nagar.

Colleges include Haldia Institute of Technology, Haldia Government College, Haldia Law College and Haldia Institute of Health Sciences, Global Institute of Science and Technology, Haldia Institute of Dental Sciences & Research, ICARE Institute of Medical Sciences & Research, Haldia Institute of Maritime Studies and Research , two hotel management colleges and a government college.

Haldia also has the "Central Institute of Plastic Engineering and Technology" (CIPET) that caters to the need of plastic and polymer industries.


The township has lot of open space and so one can see a lot of sporting activities (primarily soccer and cricket). The schools have large playgrounds and enthusiasm among both elders and juniors is palpable during weekend matches. Haldia is going to get Bengal's second "International Cricket Stadium" after "Eden Garden". Here, for development of football, two big associations named IFA (Indian Football Association) and TFA (Tata Football Academy), have been operating.

A new project called Haldia International Sports City is under construction. It is first of its kind in India. Shristi Infrastructure Development Corporation Ltd, a subsidiary of Srei Capital, is the developer. It is expected to be completed in 5 years.


Brajanathchak (also called Jibananda Das Nagar) is a well planned residential area constructed in the vicinity of Haldia Township. Plots of lands were identified and distributed by the Haldia Development Authority to the residents. The area has been designed for public residential purpose. This area is well connected through the newly constructed Haldia-


Brajalalchak is located at the junction of the Haldia-Balughata bypass road and the National Highway NH-41. It is a small locality and the riverside road starts from here. Brajalalchak is one of the oldest localities in Haldia.


The Japanese community of Haldia are mostly engineers and top executives at Mitsubishi Chemicals Corporation’s (MCC) PTA (Purified Terephthalic Acid) plant in the city. The community have been living in the mini Japanese township called Sataku (Japantown) for many years. Sataku has many Japanese restaurants and a local Japanese news station. Japanese movies are shown in local theaters. Haldia is the only Indian city to have a Japantown.

The commissioning of the PTA plant and subsequent expansions have seen the arrival of many Japanese executives. While a few have returned, many stayed back in this quaint township, thousands of miles away from their home land. The next phase of expansion promises to bring in more Japanese expatriates to this new industrial hub in West Bengal.[6]


  1. ^ [3]
  2. ^ [4]
  3. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Haldia
  4. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-21. 
  5. ^ "Climate History for Haldia". Weather 2. Retrieved 27 July 2013. 
  6. ^ : Expats in new India

External links

  • Haldia travel guide from Wikivoyage
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.