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Hasan Mushaima

Hassan Mushaima
حسن مشيمع
Hassan Mushaima
Secretary-General of Haq Movement
Assumed office
November 11, 2005
Deputy Isa Al Jowder until September 24, 2011 (his death)
Personal details
Born 1948
Jidd Haffs, Bahrain
Nationality Bahraini
Political party

Al Wefaq until 2005

Haq Movement 2005 – present
Residence Jidd Haffs, Bahrain
Religion Shi'a Islam

Hasan Mushaima (Arabic: حسن مشيمع‎) is an opposition leader in Bahrain and the secretary-general of the Haq Movement, an important opposition party in Bahrain. He is campaigning for more democratic rights in Bahrain. Before forming Haq, he was a founding member of Al Wefaq and a leading figure in the 1994 uprising in Bahrain.

The Bahraini government has placed Mushaima under arrest several times, twice arresting him during the 1994 uprising. He was later jailed from March 1995 to September 1995 and again from January 1996 till February 2001. Mushaima was re-arrested in February 2007 and jailed for one day, and then was arrested and imprisoned again from January 2009 to April 2009.

In 2010 Mushaima traveled to Great Britain to be treated for lung cancer.

Mushaima announced plans to return to Bahrain during the protests in February 2011, but authorities detained him in Lebanon while en route, possibly at the request of the Bahraini government.[1] Mushaima finally did return to Bahrain on Saturday, February 26, 2011. On that day, he was described by the Associated Press as being "welcomed like a rock star," by protestors in Pearl Square.[2] On 7th March, 2011, Mushaima along with Abdulwahab Hussain, the leader of Wafa movement, and Saeed Alshehabi, the leader of the Bahrain Freedom Movement, formed the "Alliance for the Republic" (Arabic:التحالف من أجل الجمهورية), because of their belief that the Bahraini regime lost legitimacy after the harsh crackdown on protesters using heavy weapons. One month after protests, the Gulf Cooperation Council sent 1,500+ PSF troops (1,000 Saudi, some Qatari troops and 500 Emirati policemen) to crush the popular uprising there and also sent the Kuwaiti Navy to stop any aid to the protesters by sea. After the protesters were kicked from the Pearl Roundabout, many known rights activists operating in Bahrain were arrested, including Mushaima.

On 22 June 2011, Mushaima was sentenced to life imprisonment by a military court for "attempting to overthrow the monarchy".[3]

On 30 April 2012, a Bahraini court ordered a civilian retrial of Mushaima and 20 other men convicted of leading the uprising [4]


  • Early life 1
  • Political activity 2
    • 1990s uprising 2.1
    • Political activities in 2000s 2.2
    • Bahraini uprising (2011–present) 2.3
  • See also 3
  • References 4

Early life

Political activity

1990s uprising

Political activities in 2000s

Bahraini uprising (2011–present)

See also


  1. ^
  2. ^ Bahrain's protesters struggle to define goals at the Wayback Machine (archived March 4, 2011) AP, March 2, 2011
  3. ^
  4. ^
  • Front Line: Ongoing harassment of Bahraini human rights defenders
  • Clashes erupt after two opposition figures are held in Bahrain
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