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Hawaii Rainbow Warriors football


Hawaii Rainbow Warriors football

Rainbow Warriors
2014 Hawaii Rainbow Warriors football team
First season 1909
Athletic director Ben Jay
Head coach Norm Chow
3rd year, 8–29 (.216)
Home stadium Aloha Stadium
Field Hawaiian Airlines Field
Stadium capacity 50,000
Stadium surface Synthetic Turf
Location Honolulu, Hawaii, U.S.
Conference Mountain West
Division West
All-time record 524–391–26 (.571)
Postseason bowl record 5–5 (.500)
Conference titles 4
Heisman winners 0 (1 finalist)
Consensus All-Americans 0
Current uniform

Black and Green

Outfitter Under Armour
Rivals Fresno State
Boise State
Air Force

The Hawaiʻi Rainbow Warriors football team represents the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa in NCAA Division I FBS college football. The team is coached by Norm Chow.[1] It was part of the Western Athletic Conference until July 2012, when the team joined the Mountain West Conference.

From 2000 until July 1, 2013, the football team was renamed to simply Warriors, until a 2013 decision to standardize all of the school's athletic team names took effect, and the team was once again known as the Rainbow Warriors.[2]

The Hawaiʻi Warriors were the third non-Sugar Bowl on January 1, 2008 in New Orleans.


  • Timeline 1
  • Rivalries 2
    • Fresno State 2.1
    • Boise State 2.2
    • BYU 2.3
    • Wyoming 2.4
  • Future non-conference games 3
  • Coaches 4
  • Conference championships 5
  • Bowl game history 6
  • Individual awards and recognitions 7
  • School records 8
  • Notable players and coaches 9
    • NFL Draft selections 9.1
    • Current NFL players 9.2
    • Other current professional players 9.3
    • Other notable coaches and players 9.4
  • Future non-conference opponents 10
  • References 11
  • External links 12


  • 1909 - The College of Hawaii "Fighting Deans" played and won its game against McKinley High School by a score of 95–5 at Punahou School.
  • 1920 - The College of Hawaii becomes the University of Hawaiʻi and the football team plays its first intercollegiate game against Nevada, losing 14–0 on Christmas Day.
  • 1922 - Hawaiʻi defeats its first collegiate opponent, beating Pomona 25–6 on Christmas Day.
  • 1923 - A rainbow appears over Moiliili Field after Hawaiʻi upsets Oregon State, 7–0. Local reporters begin calling UH athletic teams the "Rainbows."
  • 1924–25 - The Rainbows, under the guidance of coach Otto Klum, complete back-to-back undefeated seasons. The Rainbows outscore their opponents 606–29 in 18 games. Among the schools defeated during this time are Colorado, Colorado State and Washington State. These Rainbow teams become known as the "Wonder Teams" due to their outstanding play.
  • 1926 - The Rainbows play their first game at their newly constructed home field, Honolulu Stadium. The Rainbows fall to the Town Team by a score of 14–7 in front of 12,000 fans on Armistice Day.
  • 1935 - Rainbow running back and future coach Thomas Kaulukukui becomes Hawaiʻi's first All-American player. Kaulukukui starred on Hawaiʻi's 1934 undefeated team and set a school record in 1935 with a 103-yard kick return touchdown during a 19–6 loss to UCLA in Los Angeles. Kaulukukui's number 32 is later retired by the University and remains the only number to be retired in Hawai'iʻin football history.
  • 1942 - Following the Attack on Pearl Harbor and the United States' entry into World War II, Hawaiʻi cancels the 1942, 1943, 1944, and 1945 football seasons.
  • 1946 - Hawaiʻi resumes football play after a four-year hiatus as a member of the NCAA. Hawaiʻi enters as a College Division Independent. The Rainbows continue to play local teams on occasion but the bulk of their schedules are made up of collegiate teams.
  • 1955 - A year after suffering a 50–0 blowout loss to Nebraska in Honolulu, the Rainbows go up to Lincoln the following season and upset the Huskers 6–0. The win is considered one of the school's all-time biggest upsets.
  • 1961 - The UH Board of Athletic Control votes to abolish the football program due to a lack of finances. The program would return to intercollegiate competition the following year behind the urgings of new athletics director Young Suk Ko.
  • 1965 - Larry Price performed in his third Hula Bowl as a College All-Star after a stint in the U.S. Army where he performed twice for the Hawai'i All-Stars. Legendary coach Clark Shaughnessy takes over for one season but the Rainbows flounder through a 1-8-1 season.
  • 1966 - Phil Sarboe, after 15 seasons as head coach at Humboldt State, guides the team to a 4-6 record playing its first all-collegiate schedule. He resigns for "personal reasons" after the season.
  • 1967 - Don King, an assistant under Sarboe, becomes head coach and the much-improved Rainbows post a 6-4 record. Significantly, large crowds (18,000 to 20,000) flock to Honolulu Stadium to watch the Rainbows for the first time in many years, setting the stage for a major gridiron revival in future years.
  • 1968 - Head coach Dave Holmes begins what would be the most successful coaching tenure at Hawaiʻi. From 1968–1974, UH won 67 percent of its games and never suffered a losing season. Holmes still ranks as the all-time leader at Hawaiʻi in winning percentage (.718). Drafted by the Dallas Cowboys in the 16th round, Larry Cole becomes the first UH Warrior to be drafted by an NFL team. Cole was a one-year transfer from the United States Air Force Academy and later graduated from the University of Houston.
  • 1971 - Larry Cole becomes the first former Warrior to represent UH in world championship competition in Super Bowl V for the Dallas Cowboys.
  • 1972 - Larry Cole becomes the first former Warrior to start for a world champion football team with the Dallas Cowboys in Super Bowl VI.
  • 1973 - The Rainbows record what is widely considered to be the biggest upset in school history, defeating Washington 10–7 in front of 52,500 in Seattle. The Huskies were favored to beat Hawaiʻi by as many as 50 points.
  • 1974 - Hawaiʻi becomes an NCAA Division I member. The team's new nickname becomes the "Bow's." They play their final year at Honolulu Stadium. Larry Price becomes Hawaiʻi's first Division I head football coach.
  • 1975 - 50,000-seat Aloha Stadium becomes the new home of Hawaiʻi football. Hawaiʻi loses its first game in the new stadium, falling to Texas A&I by a score of 43–9 in front of a crowd of 32,247.
  • 1976 - The NCAA reclassifies its divisions and drops Hawaiʻi to Division I-AA (now FCS). Athletic Director Ray Nagel appeals the decision and the next month the NCAA reinstitutes Hawaiʻi to Division I-A (now FBS) status.
  • 1979 - Hawaiʻi becomes a member of the Western Athletic Conference.
Hawaiʻi logo from 1982-1997
  • 1982 - Dan Audick becomes the first Warrior to have graduated from the university and to have started for a Super Bowl champion. Audick played for the San Francisco 49ers in Super Bowl XVI.
  • 1986 - Defensive end Al Noga becomes the first Hawaiʻi player to be named a first-team All-American by the Associated Press. He also was tabbed as the school's first Heisman Trophy candidate. DeWayne Jett becomes the first Warrior to have graduated from the university and to have started for a Grey Cup champion. Jett played for the Canadian Football League Hamilton Tiger-Cats in their victory over the Edmonton Eskimos.
  • 1989 - Hawaiʻi plays in the program's first major bowl game — the Jeep Eagle Aloha Bowl. Hawaiʻi falls to Michigan State, 33–13, before a sellout crowd at Aloha Stadium.
  • 1990 - The Rainbow rout BYU, 59–28, on December 1. Earlier that day, BYU quarterback Ty Detmer won the Heisman Trophy.
  • 1992 - Hawaiʻi wins a share of its first-ever WAC championship and posts its first bowl game victory, a 27–17 defeat of Illinois in the Thrifty Car Rental Holiday Bowl. Hawaiʻi would finish the season ranked 20th in the nation and post a team-record 11 victories.
  • 1996 - Rich Ellerson extends coaching tree for former UH Warriors by being named as Head Football Coach for Southern Utah. In his single season, Ellerson accrued a 4-7 record.
  • 1998 - Hawaiʻi suffers through the program's first-ever winless season, going 0–12 under head coach Fred von Appen. Von Appen coached the Rainbow Warriors. to a 5–31 record in his three years at Hawaiʻi. He would be fired after the season.
  • 1999 - June Jones becomes the new head coach at Hawaiʻi and guides the Rainbow Warriors to the best single-season turnaround in NCAA history, winning nine games and a share of the WAC championship. Hawaiʻi would go on to defeat Oregon State in the Jeep Oʻahu Bowl, 23–17.
  • 2001 - Hawaiʻi changes its nickname from "Rainbow Warriors" to simply "Warriors." Wide receiver Ashley Lelie becomes the highest draft pick in program history as the Denver Broncos select him with the 19th pick in the first round of the 2002 NFL Draft. Rich Ellerson extends coaching tree for former UH Warriors by being named as head coach for Cal Poly. During his eight-year tenure, Ellerson led Cal Poly to a 52–38 record.
  • 2002 - Hawaiʻi is invited to play in the inaugural ConAgra Foods Hawaiʻi Bowl. The Warriors would fall to Tulane, 36–28.
  • 2003 - Hawaiʻi returns to the Hawaiʻi Bowl and defeats Houston in a wild 54–48 triple-overtime game.
  • 2004 - Hawaiʻi returns for a third-straight season to the Hawaii Bowl and triumphs over UAB, 59-40. Hawaiʻi quarterback Timmy Chang would also become the NCAA's all-time leader in passing yards with 17,072 over the course of his career, eclipsing the old mark (15,031) set by former BYU quarterback Ty Detmer.
Game between Boise State and Hawaiʻi in 2007. Hawaiʻi won 39–27.
  • 2005 - Hawaiʻi finishes 5–7 and misses out on playing in a bowl game for the first time since 2001, despite a breakout year for quarterback Colt Brennan.
  • 2006 - Quarterback Colt Brennan sets NCAA single-season records for touchdown passes (58) and passer efficiency rating (252.96), on his way to a sixth-place finish in the Heisman Trophy voting. The Warriors return to the Hawaiʻi Bowl and defeat Arizona State, 41–24. Hawaiʻi head coach June Jones passes Dick Tomey to become the winningest head coach in school history.
  • 2007 - Brennan adds to his collection of NCAA records, breaking Detmer's career records for TD passes and total TDs passing, rushing and receiving. He and wide receiver Ken Niumatalolo extends coaching tree for former UH Warriors by being named as Head Football Coach for Navy. Quarterback Colt Brennan was selected for the second year in a row as a Heisman Finalist, this time finishing in third place behind Tim Tebow and Darren McFadden.
  • 2008 - Head coach June Jones resigns shortly after the 2007 season, ending his nine-year coaching run to become the new head coach at Southern Methodist University. On January 15, Greg McMackin, formerly the Defensive Coordinator under June Jones, accepted the position of Head Coach. Rich Ellerson extends coaching tree for former UH Warriors by being named as head coach for Army.
  • 2009 - Jim Mills becomes the first UH Warrior to be inducted into the Canadian Football Hall of Fame for his play as an offensive tackle in the Canadian Football League.
  • 2010 - Hawaiʻi wins its 4th WAC Championship by becoming co-champions with Nevada and Boise State. University of Hawaiʻi received and accepted an invitation to join the Mountain West Conference for football only and Big West Conference for all other sports. The Warriors bolted from Western Athletic Conference to join the Mountain West Conference along with rivals; Boise State, Fresno State and Nevada. Boise State started playing in the MWC starting in 2011, while Hawaiʻi along with Fresno State and Nevada made their MWC debuts in 2012.
  • 2011 - Coach Greg McMackin resigns as head coach citing "being forced out under pressure" from the past season's record.[3] Utah offensive coordinator Norm Chow was chosen to succeed McMackin.[4]
  • 2012 After 13 years of Run-and-Shoot Offense scheme that was installed by former Head Coach June Jones, as a new Head Coach, Norm Chow changed and implemented the Pro Style Offense scheme.
  • 2013 Norm Chow and the Rainbow Warriors go 1-11 defeating only Army in the last game of the season.


Fresno State

The rivalry with Fresno State has increased greatly in recent years, with both teams being the oldest members of the WAC contending regularly for the conference championship. Coaches from both schools have accused each side of various episodes of poor sportsmanship over the years, and both schools have some of the nation's rowdiest home fans. The rivalry has featured some lopsided results, including a 70–14 Fresno victory over Hawaiʻi in 2004 and a 68–37 Warriors victory in 2006 over Fresno. In 2007, allegations that Fresno State fans were physically and verbally abused by hometown Hawaiʻi fans circulated the internet and television media added to this rivalry.

It was being reported that several Fresno State fans attempted to warn Boise State fans from attending Hawaiʻi football games due to potential violence against them, however no incidents were reported by Boise State fans and many photographs from Hawaiʻi-based publications covered incidents where Hawaiʻi and Boise State fans were seen mingling together before and after their 2007 game. The rivalry still continues to be one that is anticipated by both sides and will continue beyond 2012 as Fresno State has announced that it will be moving to the Mountain West Conference alongside Hawaiʻi and fellow WAC members, Nevada and Boise State.

Boise State

Boise State and Hawaiʻi have developed a rivalry since the Broncos joined the WAC in 2001. Until Hawaiʻi defeated Boise State 39–27 on November 23, 2007, to clinch that year's WAC championship outright, the Broncos had won all of the contests between the two schools since Boise State became a conference member. The Warriors' all-time record against the Broncos is 3–10. Most of them have been very closely contested. With Boise State's recent announcement that it will remain in the Mountain West instead of joining the Big East, the rivalry will continue beyond 2013. However, due to the new divisional split in the MW, the teams will only meet twice every four years.


BYU had been regarded by many Hawaii residents to be the Warriors' biggest rival and most high-profile game. One of the reasons for the interest in games against BYU comes from the large Mormon population in Hawaii, especially on the island of Oʻahu, and BYU's success in recruiting players from Hawaii (in addition, BYU has a sister school on Oʻahu). As well, both programs have many players of Polynesian descent. The rivalry with BYU has been largely one-sided, with the Cougars holding a 21–8–0 all-time advantage in the series and going 20–5 since 1972 when LaVell Edwards became BYU's head coach. BYU won 10 straight contests against the Warriors from 1978 through 1988 and six straight from 1993 through 1998. Hawaiʻi has never won in Provo, Utah, losing all eight contests by an average score of 34–18. The series has decreased in notability and importance due to BYU's departure to the Mountain West Conference in 1999. In 2001, Hawaiʻi ruined the then 8th-ranked Cougars' perfect 15–0 season and ended any chance of BYU earning a BCS bowl bid with a 72–45 victory at Aloha Stadium. On December 3, 2011 BYU defeated Hawaii in Honolulu 41 to 20. The rivalry has also been considered by some people to be one-sided in terms of emotion. Although some in Hawaiʻi have considered BYU to be the Warriors' main rival, BYU fans generally do not think of Hawaiʻi as a major rival, and consider Utah to be their main rival.


Wyoming is Hawaii's only trophy game. The two teams play for the coveted Paniolo Trophy. It was renewed in 2013 after Hawaii joined the Mountain West Conference in 2012. Wyoming won that game in Laramie 59-56 in overtime. Before that, the last time the two schools met was in 1997 in the old Western Athletic Conference with Wyoming winning 35-6 in Honolulu. Hawaii currently owns the Paniolo trophy as they won the most recent matchup. On Saturday, October 9, 2014, Hawaii beat Wyoming 38-28 in Honolulu. Wyoming leads the overall series 13-9.

Future non-conference games

The NCAA permits Hawaiʻi to play one more than the normal 12 games during the regular season to recoup its unusually high travel costs to and from the mainland.[5] The team's opponents who play at Hawaiʻi each season are also allowed one more game than their normal limit.[6][7] Since the Western Athletic Conference does not stage a conference championship game, Hawaiʻi played eight games within its conference and five outside it through the 2010 season. In 2011, the Warriors played seven conference games and six non-conference games as a result of Boise State's move to the MWC. In 2012, when Hawaiʻi joins the MWC for football, that conference will have 10 football teams, but it will retain its current 8-game conference schedule for that season. Schedules beyond 2013 are in flux due to conference realignment issues.


  • Washington (Pac-12), August 30
  • Oregon State (Pac-12), September 6
  • @ Colorado (Pac-12), September 20


  • Colorado (Pac-12), September 5
  • @ The Ohio State Buckeyes (B1G), September 12
  • Navy (AAC), November 28
  • @ Washington (Pac-12), Date TBD


  • @ Army (Independent), September 15


  • Army (Independent), November 30


Norm Chow Head Coach Utah (1968)
Jordan Wynn Quarterbacks Utah (2012)
Luke Matthews Wide Receivers Utah (2012)
Chris Naeole Offensive Line Colorado (1997)
Wayne Moses Running Backs Washington (1977)
Kevin Clune Defensive Coordinator CSU Fullerton (2000)
Daronte' Jones Secondary Morgan State (2001)
Lewis Powell Defensive Line Utah (2004)
Kurt Gouveia Linebackers BYU (1986)
Chris Demarest Special Teams Northeastern (1988)
Gary Beemer Strength & Conditioning Coordinator Florida (2011)
1909–1911 Austin Jones 8–6
1912–1914 No Team
1915 John Peden 5–1–1
1916 William Britton 3–2–1
1917–1919 Dave Crawford 11–1–2
1920 Raymond Elliot 6–2–0
1921–1939 Otto Klum 82–46–7
1940–1941 Eugene Gill 10–6
1942–1945 No Team
1946–1950 Tom Kaulukukui 42–19–3
1951 Archie Kodros 4–7
1952–1960 Hank Vasconcellos 43–46–3
1961 No Team
1962–1964 Jim Asato 15–12
1965 Clark Shaughnessy 1–8–1
1966 Phil Sarboe 4–6
1967 Don King 6–4
1968–1973 Dave Holmes 46–17–1
1974–1976 Larry Price 15–18
1977–1978 Dick Tomey 11-11
1979–1986 Dick Tomey 52–35–3
1987–1995 Bob Wagner 58–49–3
1996–1998 Fred von Appen 5–31
1999–2007 June Jones 75–41
2008–2011 Greg McMackin 29–25
2011–present Norm Chow 8-29

Conference championships

Season Conference Note Record Head Coach
1992 WAC Shared with BYU and Fresno State 11–2 (6–2) Bob Wagner
1999 WAC Shared with TCU and Fresno State 9–4 (5–2) June Jones
2007 WAC Outright 12–1 (8–0) June Jones
2010 WAC Shared with Boise State and Nevada 10–3 (7–1) Greg McMackin

Bowl game history

Note: In December 1941, just prior to the attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaiʻi was scheduled to play in a three-team round robin tournament called the Shrine Bowl, which included Hawaiʻi, San Jose State, and Willamette University of Salem, Oregon. Only one game was actually played, with Hawaiʻi defeating Willamette 20-6.

Year Bowl Game Opponent W/L PF PA Head Coach
1934 New Year's Classic Santa Clara L 7 26 Otto Klum
1935 New Year's Classic California W 14 0 Otto Klum
1936 Poi Bowl Southern California L 6 38 Otto Klum
1937 Poi Bowl Honolulu All-Stars W 18 12 Otto Klum
1938 Poi Bowl Washington L 13 53 Otto Klum
1939 Poi Bowl UCLA L 7 32 Otto Klum
1940 Pineapple Bowl Oregon State L 6 39 Eugene Gill
1941 Pineapple Bowl Fresno State L 0 3 Eugene Gill
1947 Pineapple Bowl Utah W 19 16 Tom Kaulukukui
1947 Aloha Bowl Fresno State W 27 13 Tom Kaulukukui
1948 Pineapple Bowl Redlands W 33 32 Tom Kaulukukui
1949 Pineapple Bowl Oregon State L 27 47 Tom Kaulukukui
1950 Pineapple Bowl Stanford L 20 74 Tom Kaulukukui
1951 Pineapple Bowl Denver W 28 27 Archie Kodros
1952 Pineapple Bowl San Diego State L 13 34 Hank Vasconcellos
Year Bowl Game Opponent W/L PF PA Head Coach
1989 Aloha Bowl Michigan State L 13 33 Bob Wagner
1992 Holiday Bowl Illinois W 27 17 Bob Wagner
1999 Oahu Bowl Oregon State W 23 17 June Jones
2002 Hawai'i Bowl Tulane L 28 36 June Jones
2003 Hawai'i Bowl Houston W 54 48 June Jones
2004 Hawai'i Bowl UAB W 59 40 June Jones
2006 Hawai'i Bowl Arizona State W 41 24 June Jones
2008 Sugar Bowl Georgia L 10 41 June Jones
2008 Hawai'i Bowl Notre Dame L 21 49 Greg McMackin
2010 Hawai'i Bowl Tulsa L 35 62 Greg McMackin
Non-NCAA Sanctioned Bowl Game Record 6–9 (.400)
NCAA Sanctioned Bowl Game Record 5–5 (.500)
BCS Bowl Game Record 0–1 (.000)

Individual awards and recognitions

AP All-Americans

AP Little All-Americans

Scripps/FWAA Freshman All-Americans

CoSIDA Academic All-Americans

Mosi Tatupu Award

Sammy Baugh Trophy

Super Bowl Performers

School records

Team records

  • Consecutive victories: (Modern Era) 13, 2006–2007, (All-time) 20, 1923-1926
  • Consecutive home victories: 11, 1988–1989
  • Consecutive winning seasons: 9, 1967–1975
  • Largest NCAA Division I margin of victory: 59 vs. UTEP Miners, Oct. 13, 2001
  • Most points in a season: 554, 2007
  • Victories in a season: 12, 2007

Career records

  • Career passing yards: 17,072 (NCAA record, later broken by Case Keenum of Houston), Timmy Chang, 2000–2004
  • Career passing touchdowns: 131 (NCAA record, now held by Keenum), Colt Brennan, 2005–2007
  • Career rushing yards: 3,451, Gary Allen, 1978–1981
  • Career rushing touchdowns: 39, Michael Carter, 1990–1993
  • Career touchdowns responsible for: 147 (NCAA record, now held by Keenum), Colt Brennan, 2005–2007
  • Career touchdowns, quarterback-receiver combination: 39 (ties NCAA record), Colt Brennan to Davone Bess, 2005–2007
  • Career receptions: 293, Davone Bess, 2005–2007
  • Career receiving yards: 4,345, Greg Salas, 2007-2010, previous is 3,919, Jason Rivers, 2003–2007
  • Career receiving touchdowns: 41, Davone Bess, 2005–2007
  • Career all-purpose yards: 5,461, Chad Owens, 2001–2004
  • Career points leader: 395, Jason Elam, 1988–1992
  • Career tackles leader: 414, Solomon Elimimian, 2005–2008
  • Career sacks leader: 36, Mark Odom, 1987–1990
  • Career interceptions leader: 14, Mana Silva, 2008-2010

Single-game records

Single-season records

  • Most passing yards in a season: 5,549, Colt Brennan, 2006
  • Most passing touchdowns in a season: 58 (NCAA Record), Colt Brennan, 2006
  • Most passing touchdowns in two seasons: 94, Colt Brennan, 2006
  • Most consecutive pass attempts without an interception: 182, Colt Brennan, 2006
  • Best efficiency rating in a season (min. 100 att.): 185.96, Colt Brennan, 2006
  • Most rushing yards in a season: 1,498, Travis Sims, 1992
  • Most rushing touchdowns in a season: 18, Jamal Farmer, 1989
  • Most receiving yards in a season: 1,889, Greg Salas, 2010, previous is 1,713, Ashley Lelie, 2001
  • Most receiving touchdowns in a season: 19, Ashley Lelie, 2001
  • Most receptions in a season: 119, Greg Salas, 2010
  • Most total tackles in a season: 169, Jeff Ulbrich, 1999
  • Most sacks in a season: 17, Al Noga, 1986
  • Most interceptions in a season: 9, Walter Briggs, 1989

Statistics compiled from the University of Hawaiʻi football Media Guide and

Notable players and coaches

NFL Draft selections

Current NFL players

Other current professional players

Other notable coaches and players

For a full list of Hawaiʻi players drafted into the NFL, see also:

Future non-conference opponents

2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
vs Colorado at Michigan vs Kansas vs Navy vs Arizona at Arizona vs Wisconsin vs Western Kentucky
at Ohio State at Kansas at UCLA at Army vs Oregon State at Oregon State at Wisconsin
vs UC Davis vs Massachusetts at Massachusetts at BYU at Washington
at Wisconsin vs BYU vs Rice vs Army
vs Louisiana–Monroe



  1. ^
  2. ^ Staff (May 14, 2013). "Nickname Of UH Men's Teams To Be Rainbow Warriors". University of Hawaiʻi. Retrieved 15 May 2013. 
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^ "Bylaw 17.27.2 Alaska/Hawaii, Additional Football Contest." (PDF). 2011–12 NCAA Division I Manual. NCAA. p. 305. Retrieved September 22, 2011. 
  6. ^ "Bylaw (j) Annual Exemptions: Hawaii, Alaska, Puerto Rico. (FBS/FCS)" (PDF). 2011–12 NCAA Division I Manual. NCAA. p. 264. Retrieved September 22, 2011. 
  7. ^ Kevin K. "The Hawaii Exemption", 25 May 2010.
  8. ^ "Hawaii Warriors Football Schedules and Future Schedules". Retrieved 2014-09-24. 

External links

  • Official website
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