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Hiroshima Prefecture

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Title: Hiroshima Prefecture  
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Subject: Poland national under-18 football team, Hiroshima, Sankō Line, Tahōtō, Kumano, Hiroshima
Collection: Chūgoku Region, Hiroshima Prefecture, Prefectures of Japan
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Hiroshima Prefecture

Hiroshima Prefecture
広島県
Prefecture
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese 広島県
 • Rōmaji Hiroshima-ken
Official logo of Hiroshima Prefecture
Symbol of Hiroshima Prefecture
Location of Hiroshima Prefecture
Country Japan
Region Chūgoku (San'yō)
Island Honshu
Capital Hiroshima (city)
Government
 • Governor Hidehiko Yuzaki (since November 2009)
Area
 • Total 8,476.95 km2 (3,272.97 sq mi)
Area rank 11th
Population (March 1, 2011)
 • Total 2,857,990
 • Rank 12th
 • Density 337.15/km2 (873.2/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code JP-34
Districts 5
Municipalities 23
Tree Japanese maple (Acer palmatum)
Bird Red-throated diver (Gavia stellata)
Website pref.hiroshima.lg.jp

Hiroshima Prefecture (広島県 Hiroshima-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūgoku region on Honshu island.[1] The capital is the city of Hiroshima.[2] It has a population of around 2.8 million.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
    • Cities 2.1
    • Towns and villages 2.2
    • Mergers 2.3
  • Economy 3
  • Education 4
    • University 4.1
  • Transportation 5
    • Railway 5.1
    • People movers 5.2
    • Streetcars 5.3
    • Roads 5.4
      • Expressways 5.4.1
      • National highways 5.4.2
    • Ports 5.5
    • Airports 5.6
  • Sports 6
    • Football 6.1
    • Baseball 6.2
    • Volleyball 6.3
  • Tourism 7
  • Famous festivals and events 8
  • Notes 9
  • References 10
  • External links 11

History

The area around Hiroshima was formerly divided into Bingo Province and Aki Province.[3] This location has been a center of trade and culture since the beginning of Japan's recorded history. Hiroshima is a traditional center of the Chūgoku region and was the seat of the Mōri clan until the Battle of Sekigahara.

Hiroshima is home to two UNESCO World Heritage sites:

Geography

Hiroshima prefecture lies in the middle of Chūgoku. Most of the prefecture consists of mountains leading towards Shimane Prefecture; and rivers produce rich plains near the coast.

The province faces Shikoku across the Seto Inland Sea. Hiroshima Bay opens on the Inland Sea.[4] The prefecture also includes many small islands.

The sheltered nature of the Inland Sea makes Hiroshima's climate very mild.

As of 1 April 2014, 4% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks (the lowest percentage of any prefecture), namely Setonaikai National Park; Hiba-Dōgo-Taishaku and Nishi-Chūgoku Sanchi Quasi-National Parks; and six Prefectural Natural Parks.[5]

Cities

Map of Hiroshima Prefecture
Fukuyama
Onomichi
Higashihiroshima
Mihara

Fourteen cities are located in Hiroshima Prefecture:

Towns and villages

These are the towns in each district:

Mergers

Economy

Hiroshima's main industries include automobiles (Mazda is headquartered there) and shipbuilding (Kure was one of the main naval bases of the Imperial Japanese Navy and remains a major commercial yard).

Education

University

Transportation

Railway

People movers

Streetcars

Roads

Expressways

National highways

  • Route 2
  • Route 31
  • Route 54
  • Route 182
  • Route 183
  • Route 185
  • Route 186
  • Route 191
  • Route 261
  • Route 313
  • Route 314
  • Route 317
  • Route 375
  • Route 432
  • Route 433
  • Route 434
  • Route 486
  • Route 487
  • Route 488

Ports

  • Kure Port - Ferry route to Edajima, Matsuyama
  • Hiroshima Port - Ferry route to Miyajima, Edajima, Matsuyama and Beppu, and also International Container hub port
  • Mihara Port
  • Onomichi Port
  • Fukuyama Port - International Container hub port

Airports

Sports

The sports teams listed below are based in Hiroshima.

Football

Baseball

Volleyball

Tourism

Famous festivals and events

  • Onomichi Port Festival - held in April
  • Hiroshima Flower Festival - held from May 3 to 5
  • Fukuyama Rose Festival - held in May
  • Enryuji Tokasan Festival - held in June
  • Gion Festival of Onomichi - held in July
  • Innoshima Water-naval Festival - held in August
  • Miyajima Under-water Firework Festival - held on August 14
  • Yassa Festival of Mihara - held in August
  • Saijo Sake Festival - held in October
  • Onomichi Becher Festival - held on November 3
  • Hiroshima Ebisu Festival - held from November 18 to 20

Notes

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Hiroshima-ken" in , p. 320Japan Encyclopedia, p. 320, at Google Books; "Chūgoku" at pp. 127, p. 127, at Google Books.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Hiroshima" at pp. 319-320, p. 319, at Google Books.
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Province and prefecture" at p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books.
  4. ^ Nussbaum, "Hiroshima Wan" at p. 320, p. 320, at Google Books.
  5. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF).  

References

  • Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128

External links

  • Official Hiroshima Prefecture homepage
  • Life in Hiroshima and other Japan-related Articles
  • Hiroshima Weather Forecast
  • National Archives of Japan ... Hiroshima map (1891)
  • National Archives of Japan: illustrated scroll describing Itsukushima, text by Kaibara Ekiken (circa 1720)Itsukushima kakei,

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