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Hoboken Elevated

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Hoboken Elevated

The North Hudson Railway Company built and operated a streetcar system in Hudson County and southeast Bergen County, New Jersey before and after the start of the 20th century. It was founded by John Bonn,[1][2][3] and eventually taken over by the Public Service Railway. In its endeavors to overcome the formidable obstacle of ascending the lower Hudson Palisades, or Bergen Hill, it devised numerous innovative engineering solutions including funicular wagon lifts, an inclined elevated railway, an elevator and viaducts.[4][5][6][7]

North Hudson County Railway opened 1861, and in 1891 acquired the Pavonia Horse Railroad Company, in 1893 opened the Hudson & Bergen Traction Company, and in 1894 opened the Palisades Railroad.[8]

North Hudson County Railway included 12.75 miles (20.52 km) of at-grade and 1.25 miles (2.01 km) of elevated trackage.[9] Bonn was always involved in other road and real estate projects in the county.[10] He resided in Weehawken, where a street is named in his honor.


Wagon lifts

Two funicular wagon lifts were built in 1893. The Hoboken lift travelled from near the foot of Paterson Plank Road to Ferry Street, next to Pohlmann's Hall in Jersey City Heights.[11] The Weehawken lift ascended from the foot of Hackensack Plank Road to West Hoboken (now Union City). The remnants of the lift ascend to under a residential high rise.

Hoboken Elevated

The Hoboken Elevated was a long elevated railway trestle that ran from Hudson Place near the Lackawanna Terminal, up to Jersey City Heights next to the wagon lift at Pohlmann's Hall. The line turned south and continued along Central Avenue, and by elveated over the Long Dock Tunnel and Bergen Arches to the Hudson County Courthouse where it descended near Journal Square.

Eldorado Elevator

The Eldorado Elevator rose from the West Shore Ferry Terminal at Weehawken to meet the streetcar line that travelled along a trestle to a cut in the Palisades which ran parallel to the Eldorado, a pleasure garden, and then proceeded east and north to the Nungesser's Guttenberg Racetrack.[12]

Hillside Line

From 14th Street in Hoboken, the line ran west and with a series of trestles and horseshoe curves ascended the Palisades to West Hoboken and beyond. Part of the system near 14th Street's Wing Viaduct is a New Jersey Register of Historic Places-designated place.[13]

Palisade Line

Horseshoe curves carried cars from the Edgewater ferry up the cliff to Palisades Amusement Park.


See also

References

Sources

  • The Hudson Through the Years
  • brief history of trolly
  • Public Service buys Kearny tract 1904
  • Weehawken History:Mankoff
  • Hoboken-Jersey City Elevated
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