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County of Holstein-Pinneberg
Grafschaft Holstein-Pinneberg
imperial county
Image missing

Coat of arms

Holstein-Pinneberg and neighbouring territories around 1400
Capital Pinneberg
Languages Northern Low Saxon, German
Religion Rom. Catholic to 1561,
then mainly Lutheran,
Calvinist from 1601 and
Jewish from 1621, esp. in Altona
Government monarchy
Historical era Middle Ages
 •  Division of Holstein-Itzehoe following death of Gerhard I 1290
 •  Usurpation in 1640 after the comital male line died out 1640

The County of Holstein-Pinneberg existed from 1290 to 1640.

Rise and fall of the county

Holstein-Pinneberg was a small territory, that emerged in 1290, following the death of Gerhard I, by the division of the County of Holstein-Itzehoe. This resulted in the Pinneberg line of the Counts of Schauenburg and Holstein, who were called Holstein-Pinneberg or Holstein-Schauenburg. The Schauenburgs (later, on the Weser, called the Schaumburgs) ruled over the County of Schaumburg (which became a principality in 1620) and over Holstein-Pinneberg.

In 1375, Prince-Archbishop Albert II of Bremen mortgaged the Haseldorfer Marsh to Adolphus VII. The prince-archbishop of Bremen later failed to redeem the mortgage, and the Haseldorfer Marsh has been part of Holstein ever since. Whereas in 1537 Christian III of Denmark introduced the Reformation in all his four realms, Denmark, Duchy of Holstein, Norway and Schleswig, Holstein-Pinneberg remained Catholic until 1559. After the Schaumburgs died out in 1640 (the other lines in Holstein had already died out by 1459) the County of Schaumburg was divided and the County of Holstein-Pinneberg was absorbed into what was now the Duchy of Holstein (formerly the County of Holstein-Rendsburg). In 1650, the County of Rantzau was created from the northern third of the territory.

Counts of Holstein-Pinneberg

The former County of Holstein-Pinneberg (light and dark turquoise) northwest of Hamburg, here around 1650 the County of Rantzau (dark turquoise) has already been separated out.

The following counts ruled over Schaumburg and Holstein-Pinneberg:

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