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Imomali Rakhmonov

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Imomali Rakhmonov

Emomalii Rahmon
Эмомалӣ Раҳмон
3rd President of Tajikistan
Incumbent
Assumed office
16 November 1994
Prime Minister Abdumalik Abdullajanov
Abdujalil Samadov
Jamshed Karimov
Yahyo Azimov
Oqil Oqilov
Preceded by himself as Chairman of the Supreme Assembly
1st Chairman of the People's Democratic Party of Tajikistan
Incumbent
Assumed office
10 December 1994
Preceded by office established
Chairman of the Supreme Assembly of the Republic of Tajikistan
Head of state of Tajikistan
In office
20 November 1992 – 16 November 1994
Prime Minister Abdumalik Abdullajanov
Preceded by Rahmon Nabiyev (As President)
Succeeded by himself as President
Personal details
Born Imomali Sharipovich Rahmanov (most likely)
(1952-10-05) 5 October 1952 (age 61)
Kulob, Kulob Oblast, Tajik SSR, Soviet Union (present-day Khatlon, Republic of Tajikistan)
Political party People's Democratic Party (1994-present)
Spouse(s) Azizmo Asadullayeva; 9 children
Religion Sunni Islam

Emomalii Rahmon (Tajik: Эмомалӣ Раҳмон;[1] born 5 October 1952) is a Tajik politician who has served as Tajikistan's head of state since 1992, and as President since 1994.

During the early years of his presidency, Rahmon faced a civil war in which up to 100,000 people died. In 2006, he began his third term in office.[2] His presidency has been described in harsh terms, mostly because of human rights abuses and corruption.[3]

Biography

Rahmon was born as Imomali Sharipovich Rahmanov to a peasant family in Kulob, Kulob Oblast (present-day Khatlon province). Rahmon is an ethnic karluk (a nomadic Turkic tribe residing in regions of Central Asia). The Russian ending "ov" was added to the first name of the father of Central Asian men in the 19th century to create surnames reflecting the influence of the Russian Empire. From 1971-74 he served in the Soviet Armed Forces.[4]

As an apparatchik rising through the nomenklatura, his original power base was as chairman of the collective state farm of his native Dangara. In 1982, he graduated from the Tajik State University with a Bachelor's Degree in Economics. From 1976–88, he served as Chairman of the Union Committee of the collective farm in Dangara.

Prime Minister and President

In 1990, Rahmon was elected a people's deputy to the Supreme Council of the Tajik SSR. President Rahmon Nabiyev resigned in the first months of the Civil War in Tajikistan in August 1992. Akbarsho Iskandarov, Speaker of the Supreme Soviet, became acting president. Iskandarov resigned in November in an attempt to end the civil unrest. The Supreme Soviet met in Khujand and abolished the position of president that same month. Rahmon, then-Speaker of Parliament, became the head-of-government.[5]

During the civil war that lasted from 1992–97, Rahmon's rule was opposed by the United Tajik Opposition. As many as 100,000 people died during the war. He survived an assassination attempt in April 1997 in Khujand,[6] as well as two attempted coups in August 1997 and in November 1998.

On 6 November 1994, he was elected to the newly created post of president of Tajikistan, and he was sworn in ten days later. Following constitutional changes, he was re-elected on 6 November 1999 to a seven-year term, taking 97% of the [reported] vote. On 22 June 2003, he won a referendum that would allow him to run for two more consecutive seven-year terms after his term expired in 2006. The opposition alleges that this amendment was hidden in a way that verged upon electoral fraud. Rahmon was re-elected in a controversial election on 6 November 2006, with about 79% of the vote, according to the official results.

Name changes

In March 2007, Rahmonov changed his forename to Emomalii and surname to Rahmon after a decree banned Slavic names endings and other Soviet-era practices. He urged other Tajiks to follow his example and return to their cultural and national roots. It is not clear why he tweaked his forename.[7]

Family

He is married to Azizmo (née Asadullayeva) and has nine children. He has seven daughters and two sons.

Accusations of corruption

US diplomatic cables that were leaked by WikiLeaks in 2010 corroborate the massive scale of corruption that Rahmon and his family are involved in. A cable dated 16 February 2010 from the US embassy in the capital, described how Rahmon runs the country's economy for his own personal profit. Rahmon's family controls the country's major businesses, including the largest bank, and they "play hardball to protect their business interests, no matter the cost to the economy writ large". Tajikistan's sole industrial exports are aluminium and hydroelectricity. According to the cable, most of the revenues from the "technically state-owned Tajik Aluminium Company (Talco) end up in a secretive offshore company controlled by the president" and "the state budget sees little of the income".[8]


In August 2013, President Rahmon inaugurated an important hydroelectric station on the Vaksh river.[9]

Religion

Rahmon is a Sunni Muslim and performed the hajj in March 1997. He has called for closer ties with other Muslim nations in the region, notably the Persian-speaking nations of Iran and Afghanistan. His reply to the critics of the election standards of the 2006 Tajikistani presidential elections was:

Tajikistan marked 2009 as the year to commemorate the Sunni Muslim jurist Abu Hanifa, as the nation hosted an international symposium that drew scientific and religious leaders.[10] The construction of one of the largest mosques in the world, funded by Qatar, was announced in October 2009. The mosque is planned to be built in Dushanbe and construction is said to be completed by 2014.[11]

During a 2010 Organisation of the Islamic Conference session hosted in Dushanbe, Rahmon spoke against what he deemed was the misuse of Islam toward political ends, claiming that "Terrorism, terrorists, have no nation, no country, no religion ... [U]sing the name 'Islamic terrorism' only discredits Islam and dishonors the pure and harmless religion of Islam."[12]

References

External links

  • Official Website of the President of Tajikistan
Political offices
Preceded by
Rahmon Nabiyev
President of Tajikistan
1992–present
Incumbent

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