World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties

 

Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties

UNESCO World Heritage Site
Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties
Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List
Type Cultural
Criteria i, ii, iii, iv, vi
Reference 1004
UNESCO region Asia-Pacific
Inscription history
Inscription 2000 (24th Session)
Extensions 2003; 2004

Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties (simplified Chinese: 明清皇家陵寝; traditional Chinese: 明清皇家陵寢; pinyin: Míng Qīng Huángjiā Língqǐn) is the designation under which the UNESCO has included several tombs and burial complexes into the list of World Heritage Sites. These tombs date from the Ming and Qing dynasties of China.

Tombs were included in the list in 2000, 2003 and 2004. The property now includes the following tombs or tomb groups:

Serial ID No. Tomb Province Location Coordinates (dms.s) Area (m²) Buffer (m²) Year inscribed
1004-001 Xianling Tomb Hubei Province Zhongxiang N31 01 E112 39 876,000 2,264,000 2000
1004-002 Eastern Qing Tombs Hebei Province Zunhua N41 11 E117 38 2,240,000 78,000,000 2000
1004-003 Western Qing Tombs Hebei Province Yixian County Baoding City N39 20 E115 13 18,420,000 47,580,000 2000
1004-004 Ming Tombs Beijing Municipality Changping District N40 16 10 E116 14 40 8,230,000 81,000,000 2003
1004-005 Xiaoling Tomb Jiangsu Province Nanjing City N32 03 30 E118 51 07 1,160,000 1,800,000 2003
1004-006 Tomb of Chang Yuchun Jiangsu Province Nanjing City N32 03 44 E118 49 54 9,800   2003
1004-007 Tomb of Qiu Cheng Jiangsu Province Nanjing City N32 03 51 E118 49 59 5,500   2003
1004-008 Tomb of Wu Liang Jiangsu Province Nanjing City N32 04 00 E118 49 51 4,000 1,800,000 2003
1004-009 Tomb of Wu Zhen Jiangsu Province Nanjing City N32 04 05 E118 49 57 3,500   2003
1004-010 Tomb of Xu Da Jiangsu Province Nanjing City N32 04 30 E118 50 06 8,500   2003
1004-011 Tomb of Li Wenzhong Jiangsu Province Nanjing City N32 04 47 E118 50 23 8,700   2003
1004-012 Yongling Tomb of the Qing dynasty Liaoning Province Fushun City 41°42'36.4"N 124°48'08.8"E 2,365,900 13,439,400 2004
1004-013 Fuling Tomb of the Qing dynasty Liaoning Province Shenyang City 41°49'48.0"N 123°35'26.0"E 538,600 7,023,600 2004
1004-014 Zhaoling Tomb of the Qing dynasty Liaoning Province Shenyang City 41°51'09.1"N 123°25'39.0"E 478,900 3,187,400 2004
Total 34,379,400 234,294,400

2004 additions

The three Imperial tombs of the Qing dynasty in Liaoning Province include the Yongling tomb, the Fuling tomb, and the Zhaoling tomb, all built in the 17th century. Constructed for the founding emperors of the Qing dynasty and their ancestors, the tombs follow the precepts of traditional Chinese geomancy and fengshui theory. They feature rich decoration of stone statues and carvings and tiles with dragon motifs, illustrating the development of the funerary architecture of the Qing dynasty. The three tomb complexes, and their numerous edifices, combine traditions inherited from previous dynasties and new features of Manchu culture.

Ming imperial tombs not included in the list

Note that the UNESCO World Heritage site presently does not include the mausoleum complexes that the Hongwu Emperor had built for his ancestors, viz. the Ming Ancestors Mausoleum (Zuling) in Xuyi County, Jiangsu and the Huangling Mausoleum in Fengyang, Anhui.

External links

  • Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties on the World Heritage Sites website
  • Advisory Body Evaluation (for the Liaoning Tombs, January 22, 2003)
  • Original Decision Document (October 29, 2004 - see p. 38, 39)
  • Locational Information: Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties (for the sites listed in 2000 and 2003)


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.