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Inferior vesical artery

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Title: Inferior vesical artery  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Vaginal artery, Urethra, Prostate, Vesical venous plexus, Urinary bladder
Collection: Arteries of the Abdomen
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Inferior vesical artery

Inferior vesicle artery
The arteries of the pelvis.
Same picture, showing the source of inferior vesical artery, the internal iliac artery, with other branches.
Latin arteria vesicalis inferior
Supplies Prostate, seminal vesicle, urinary bladder, vas deferens
Internal iliac artery
Vesical venous plexus
Gray's p.615
Anatomical terminology

The inferior vesical artery is an artery in the pelvis that supplies the lower part of the bladder.


  • Structure 1
    • Sex 1.1
  • See also 2
  • References 3
  • Additional Images 4
  • External links 5


The inferior vesical artery is a branch (direct or indirect) of the anterior division of the internal iliac artery. It frequently arises in common with the middle rectal artery, and is distributed to the fundus of the bladder. In males, it also supplies the prostate and the seminal vesicles. The branches to the prostate communicate with the corresponding vessels of the opposite side.


Some texts consider it to be found only in males, and cite the vaginal artery as the homologous structure in females.[1]

Other texts consider it to be present in both males and females.[2] In these contexts, the inferior vesical artery in females is a small branch of a vaginal artery.

See also


  1. ^ Kyung Won, PhD. Chung (2005). Gross Anatomy (Board Review). Hagerstown, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. p. 289.  
  2. ^ Anatomy photo:43:13-0301 at the SUNY Downstate Medical Center - "The Female Pelvis: Branches of Internal Iliac Artery"

Additional Images

External links

  • Inferior+vesical+artery at eMedicine Dictionary
  • pelvis at The Anatomy Lesson by Wesley Norman (Georgetown University) (pelvicarteries)

This article incorporates text from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy.

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