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International Amphitheatre

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Title: International Amphitheatre  
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Subject: Chicago Coliseum, Chicago Stadium, St. Louis Exposition and Music Hall, Miami Beach Convention Center, Wigwam (Chicago)
Collection: 1934 Establishments in Illinois, 1999 Disestablishments in Illinois, 1999 Disestablishments in the United States, Buildings and Structures Completed in 1934, Chicago Bulls Venues, Chicago Packers Venues, Defunct College Basketball Venues in the United States, Defunct Indoor Ice Hockey Venues in the United States, Defunct National Basketball Association Venues, Defunct Professional Wrestling Venues in the United States, Defunct Sports Venues in Illinois, Demolished Sports Venues in Illinois, Demolished Sports Venues in the United States, Former Buildings and Structures in Chicago, Illinois, Former Music Venues in the United States, Sports Venues Demolished in 1999, Sports Venues in Chicago, Illinois, World Hockey Association Venues
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International Amphitheatre

International Amphitheatre
Location 4220 South Halsted Street
Chicago, Illinois 60609
Owner Union Stock Yard and Transit Company (until 1983)
Capacity 9,000
Construction
Opened 1934
Closed 1999
Demolished August 3, 1999 (began)
Construction cost $1.5 million
($26.4 million in 2016 dollars[1])
Tenants
Chicago Packers (NBA) (1961–62)
Chicago Bulls (NBA) (1966–67)
Chicago Cougars (WHA) (1972–75)
Loyola Chicago (1984–87)

The International Amphitheatre was an indoor arena located in Chicago, Illinois, between 1934 and 1999. It was located on the west side of Halsted Street, at 42nd Street, on the city's south side, adjacent to the Union Stock Yards.

The arena was built for $1.5 million, by the stock yard company, principally to host the International Livestock Exhibition. The arena replaced Dexter Park, a horse-racing track that had stood on the site for over 50 years prior to its destruction by fire in May 1934. The completion of the Amphitheater ushered in an era where Chicago reigned as a convention capital. In an era before air conditioning and space for the press and broadcast media were commonplace, the International Amphitheater was among the first arenas to be equipped with these innovations.

The arena, which seated 9,000, was the first home of the Chicago Packers of the NBA during 1961–62, before changing their name to the Chicago Zephyrs and moving to the Chicago Coliseum for their second season.[2] It was also the home of the Chicago Bulls during their inaugural season of 1966–67; they also played only one game in the Chicago Coliseum, a playoff game in their first season, as no other arena was available for a game versus the St. Louis Hawks. Afterwards, the Bulls then moved permanently to Chicago Stadium, not the Coliseum.

The Amphitheatre was also the primary home of the Chicago Cougars of the WHA from 19721975. It was originally intended to be only a temporary home for the Cougars, but the permanent solution, the Rosemont Horizon, was not completed until 1980, five years after the team folded and a year after the WHA had gone out of business. The International Amphitheatre was the home for Chicago's wrestling scene for years.[3]

The Amphitheatre hosted several national American political conventions:

The 1952 Republican National Convention was held at what was then called the Chicago Amphitheater, and had the distinction of being the first political convention broadcast live by television with special studio facilities provided for all the major networks.[4]

The 1968 Democratic convention was one of the most tumultuous political conventions in American history, noted by anti-war protests.

Prior to that, the Amphitheatre was also noted for being the site of one of Elvis Presley's most notable concerts, in 1957, with the singer wearing his now legendary gold lame suit for the first time.

On September 5, 1964 and August 12, 1966, The Beatles performed at the Amphitheatre. The 1966 show was the first show of what proved to be their last tour.

In October 1978, English rock group UFO recorded Strangers in the Night at the International Amphitheatre.

The Stock Yards closed in 1971, but the Amphitheatre stayed open, hosting rock concerts, college basketball and IHSA playoff games, circuses, religious gatherings, and other events. The shift of many conventions and trade shows to the more modern and more conveniently-located lakefront McCormick Place convention center during the 60s and 70s began the International Amphitheater's decline, and the Amphitheater's business dried up as new convention centers and concert arenas opened in the suburbs.

In December 1981, Joe Frazier had his final boxing match at the Amphitheatre against Floyd Cummings, which resulted in a draw.

Sold in 1983 for a mere $250,000, the sprawling Amphitheater became difficult to maintain, and proved unable to attract enough large events to pay for its own upkeep. It was eventually sold to Cardenas & Fernandez and then the City of Chicago, which had no more success at attracting events than its previous owner. In August 1999, demolition of the International Amphitheater began. An Aramark Uniform Services plant is located on the site once occupied by the Amphitheatre.

References

  1. ^ Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–2014. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved February 27, 2014.
  2. ^ Hareas, John. "A Colorful Tradition". Washington Wizards. Retrieved 2008-03-19. 
  3. ^ http://www.kayfabememories.com/Regions/wwa-ind/wwaind12.htm
  4. ^ "TV Goes to the Conventions." Popular Mechanics, June 1952, p. 94.

External links

  • International Amphitheatre article in the Encyclopedia of Chicago
Events and tenants
Preceded by
first arena
Home of the
Chicago Packers

1961–1962
Succeeded by
Chicago Coliseum
Preceded by
first arena
Home of the
Chicago Bulls

1966–1967
Succeeded by
Chicago Stadium

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