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Ireland–Mexico relations

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Ireland–Mexico relations

Ireland–Mexico relations
Map indicating locations of Ireland and Mexico

Ireland

Mexico

Ireland–Mexico relations refer to relations between Ireland and Mexico. The relationship has been often associated with the Irish migration to Mexico. Mexico has an embassy in Dublin.[1] Ireland has an embassy in Mexico City.[2]

History

Embassy of Mexico in Dublin

We are both neighbours of big powers
and we have both suffered a lot.
Carlos García de Alba,
Mexican Ambassador to Ireland
[3]

One experience we both share is the history and legacy of living in the shadow of a powerful neighbour.
Michael D. Higgins,
President of Ireland
[4]

During Spanish colonization of Mexico, several Spanish Viceroy's were of Irish descent such as Juan O'Donojú who was the last Spanish Viceroy.[5] Since Mexican independence, many Irish have immigrated to Mexico and have contributed to its culture and development.[6]

During the Mexican-American war (1846-1848), many Irish immigrants in the United States abandoned their posts and joined Mexican forces because of what they felt was discrimination and persecution of their Catholic faith by non-Catholic Americans.[7] One of the most popular Irish battalions during the war was that of the St. Patrick's Battalion which fought on the Mexican side during the Battle of Buena Vista and Battle of Churubusco in 1847, among others.[8]

On 21 August 1975, both nations established diplomatic relations. In 1991, Mexico opened its embassy on Raglan Road, Dublin and Ireland opened an embassy in Mexico City in September 1999.[9]

The Irish and Mexican presidents Michael D. Higgins and Enrique Peña Nieto held a bilateral meeting in Rome on 20 March 2013, the day after the papal inauguration of Pope Francis. Peña invited Higgins to visit Mexico,[10] and the Irish president began a four-day official visit on 19 October 2013 as part of a three-nation trip to Central America.[11][12]

Trade

In 1997, Mexico signed a Free Trade Agreement with the European Union (which includes Ireland). Mexico was Ireland's 21st largest export market in 2007. Combined trade in goods and services between Ireland and Mexico is valued at about $1 billion USD annually. In 2008, the Irish Government opened an Enterprise Ireland office in Mexico.[13][14]

Drug trafficking

In 2013, it was reported that Europol, the EU’s policing agency were concerned that Mexican drug cartels were targeting Ireland and mainland Europe for their cocaine and cannabis trade, and that there was "evidence of Mexican cartels using Ireland as a staging post for bringing drug shipments into Europe". [15]

See also

References

  1. ^ Mexican embassy in Ireland
  2. ^ Irish embassy in Mexico City
  3. ^ Mexicans rave over Chieftains founder Paddy Irish Independent, 2012-09-14.
  4. ^ Address at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Mexico City Áras an Uachtaráin, 2013-10-23.
  5. ^ History of Juan O'Donojú (Spanish)
  6. ^ The Irish in Mexico (Spanish)
  7. ^ The Irish Soldiers of Mexico
  8. ^ The Irish heroes of Mexico
  9. ^ History of bilateral relations between Mexico and Ireland (Spanish)
  10. ^ Reuniones bilaterales del Presidente Peña Nieto en Roma México: Presidencia de la República, 2013-03-20. (Spanish)
  11. ^ President Higgins makes Official Visits to Mexico, El Salvador And Costa Rica Áras an Uachtaráin, 2013-10-18.
  12. ^ Irish President Visits Mexico, El Salvador, and Costa Rica The Costa Rica News, 2013-10-18.
  13. ^ Trade between Mexico and Ireland (Spanish)
  14. ^ Ireland-Mexico trade in figures (Spanish)
  15. ^ http://www.irishcentral.com/news/-mexican-drug-cartels-now-targeting-irelands-cocaine-trade-203170641-237582081.html

External links

  • Irish Embassy in Mexico
  • Mexican Embassy in Ireland
  • Mexican Ministry of Foreign Affairs on diplomatic relations between Mexico and Ireland (Spanish)
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