World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Italian Communist Youth Federation

Article Id: WHEBN0017684807
Reproduction Date:

Title: Italian Communist Youth Federation  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Achille Occhetto, Giulietto Chiesa, Mauro Zani, Nichi Vendola, Young Communists (Italy), Sandro Bondi
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Italian Communist Youth Federation

The Italian Communist Youth Federation (Italian - Federazione Giovanile Comunista Italiana, or FGCI) was the youth wing of the Partito Comunista Italiano (PCI), and the direct heir of the Federazione Giovanile Comunista d'Italia of the PCd'I.

History

Constituted in 1949, its peak was in the 1960s, when its membership reached 200,000 and it thus sought to gain a profile independent of its parent organisation. The Federation's newsletters and publications thus assumed a more avant-garde role, most importantly "La città futura" (taking its name from a special issue published in February 1917 by the Federazione giovanile piemontese del Partito Socialista drawn up by Antonio Gramsci himself) and "Nuova generazione" (drawn up, not without some protests, in 1956).

On 8 October 1990 the Fgci's secretary Gianni Cuperlo, proposed to Ariccia, following the line of Achille Occhetto, that the FGCI be dissolved in order to create the Sinistra Giovanile, a federal organisation with the aim of creating four associations in schools, in territories, in universities, in workplaces, all federated together. The proposal was passed, with 91 votes in favour, 10 abstentions and 13 against.

On 19 December 1990, the 25th and last congress of the FGCI opened at Pesaro, and on 22 December the FGCI dissolved itself with 356 of the 491 votes (72.5%) being in favour, out of a membership of 55,000. Most of the FGCI moved to the new Partito Democratico della Sinistra, which in 1992 gave birth to the Sinistra Giovanile del PDS (renamed simply Sinistra Giovanile in 1998). A minority, which first adhered to the Movimento per la Rifondazione Comunista and then to the Partito della Rifondazione Comunista, in 1995 gave birth to the Giovani Comunisti (GC).

When the Partito dei Comunisti Italiani (PdCI) was born in 1998 as the result of a split in the PRC, the new party created the Federazione Giovanile Comunisti Italiani (FGCI) on the model of the dissolved federation

Periodicals printed by the FGCI were Gioventù d'avanguardia (1949-1953), Il costruttore (1950-1956), Nuova generazione (monthly then sometimes weekly, 1956-1977), La città futura (weekly, 1977-1979).

National secretaries of the FGCI

  • Luigi Polano (1921)
  • Giuseppe Berti (1921-1923)
  • Giuseppe Dozza (external) - Pietro Secchia (internal) (1923-1931))
  • Luigi Amadesi (1931-1935)
  • Celeste Negarville (1935-1938)
  • Agostino Novella (1938-19xx)
  • Enrico Berlinguer (1949-1956)
  • Renzo Trivelli (1956-1960)
  • Rino Serri (1960-1962)
  • Achille Occhetto (1962-1966)
  • Claudio Petruccioli (1966-1969)
  • Gianfranco Borghini (1969-1972)
  • Renzo Imbeni (1972-1975)
  • Massimo D'Alema (1975-1980)
  • Marco Fumagalli (1980-1985)
  • Pietro Folena (1985-1988)
  • Gianni Cuperlo (1988-1990)

National congresses

Its first 7 congresses occurred in the form of the Federazione Giovanile Socialista Italiana (Fgsi)

  • VIII Congress - Florence, 27 January 1921
  • IX Congress - Rome, 27-28 March 1922
  • X Congress - Biella, February 1926
  • XI Congress - Zurich, 10 April 1931 (in exile)
  • XII Congress - Livorno, 29 March-2 April 1950
  • XIII Congress - Ferrara, 4-8 March 1953
  • XIV Congress - Milan, 23-26 June 1955
  • XV Congress - Bologna, 20-23 June 1957
  • XVI Congress - Genoa, 29 September - 2 ottobre 1960
  • XVII Congress - Bari, 25-29 October 1962
  • XVIII Congress - Bologna, 1-4 July 1966
  • XIX Congress - Florence, 26-28 March 1971
  • XX Congress - Genoa, 18-21 December 1975
  • XXI Congress - Florence, 19-23 April 1978
  • XXII Congress - Milan, 20-23 May 1982
  • XXIII Congress - Naples, 21-24 February 1985
  • XXIV Congress - Bologna, 8-11 December 1988
  • XXV Congress - Pesaro, 19-22 December 1990
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.