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Jamalpur, Munger

Jamalpur
जमालपुर, জামানপুব, جمالپر
Suburb
Jamalpur is located in Bihar
Jamalpur
Location in Bihar, India
Coordinates: [1]
Country  India
State Bihar
District Munger
Government
 • Type Municipal Council
 • Body Jamalpur Municipal Council
Area 10 km2 (4 sq mi)
Dimensions
 • Length 4 km (2 mi)
 • Width 2.8 km (1.7 mi)
Elevation[2] 151 m (495 ft)
Population (2011)[3] 105,221
 • Rank 15th in Bihar
 • Density 11,000/km2 (27,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Jamalpurites
Languages
 • Official Maithili, Hindi
 • Spoken Angika, Bengali, Hindi, Maithili, Urdu
Literacy[3]
 • Total 87.38%
 • Male 92.58%
 • Female 81.40%
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 811214
Vehicle registration BR-08
Sex ratio 871 females per 1000 males /
Website .com.mungerjamalpurwww

Jamalpur (Angika: जामालपुर, Bengali: জামালপুর, English :Hindi:जमालपुर, Maithili:জামানপুব, Urdu:جمالپر) is a suburb and a municipality of the Munger district in the Indian state of Bihar. It is situated 9 km from Munger city center. Jamlalpur is a part of Munger-Jamalpur twin cities.

The name Jamalpur literally means Jamal (beautiful) pur (town). Jamalpur is best known for the Jamalpur Locomotive Workshop, which employs over 25,000 people at its training institution, The Indian Railways Institute of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering. The town was established in 1862 during the British Raj, with the Railways Institute forming its cultural hub.

Contents

  • Etymology 1
  • Geography 2
  • Demographics 3
  • Industry and culture 4
    • Locomotive workshop 4.1
    • Ananda Marga 4.2
  • Places of interest 5
  • Education 6
  • See also 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9

Etymology

Geography

Jamalpur is located at at an average elevation of 151 metres (495 ft).

The suburb is a part of Munger city. The city centre of Munger is 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) northwest of Jamalpur area of Munger city. There is a road as well as a rail link throughout these areas, though the rail link is in disuse pending the completion of the Munger Ganga Bridge. Jamalpur is an overnight rail or road journey from Kolkata.

The nearest airport is Munger Airport near Safiyabad area of the Munger city.The nearest commercial domestic airport is Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Airport in Patna, 199 kilometres (124 mi) away. The nearest international airport is Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport in Kolkata, 460 kilometres (290 mi) from Jamalpur on NH80.

Demographics

As of the 2011 census, Jamalpur has a population of 105,221, with a ratio of 871 females for every 1,000 males. The average literacy rate is 87.38%; for men it is 92.58%, and for women it is 81.40%. There are 12,298 children in Jamalpur aged 0 to 6, with a ratio of 867 girls for every 1,000 boys.[3]

Industry and culture

Locomotive workshop

The Jamalpur Locomotive Workshop was the first full-fledged railway workshop facility in India, founded on 8 Feb 1862 by the East Indian Railway Company. The Jamalpur site was chosen for its proximity both to the Sahibganj loop, which was the main trunk route at the time, and to the communities of gunsmiths and other mechanical craftsmen in Bihar.

The workshop was initially for repairing locomotives, and assembling new ones from salvaged parts. By the early 20th century, however, it had progressed to producing its own locomotives. It produced the first one, CA 764 "Lady Curzon", in 1899. In 1893, it became the site of the first railway foundry in India. It also had a workshop for repairing and building boilers. Today it has a foundry, metallurgical lab facilities, and machine tool facilities. Its rolling mill and nut and bolt shop ceased operation in 1984.

The school attached to the workshop eventually became the Indian Railways Institute of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering (IRIMEE).

Ananda Marga

The Ananda Marga movement was founded here by Jamalpur native Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar in 1955.[4]

Places of interest

  • Kali Pahadi, a mountain and picnic spot featuring a temple to the Hindu goddess Kali.[5]

[6]

Education

Jamalpur is well known for IRIMEE, the Indian Railways Institute of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering. Other institutes include:

  • Notre Dame Academy, Jamalpur: The first Notre Dame school in India, founded in 1950. Notre Dame Academy is a Catholic Institution managed by the Patna Notre Dame Sisters' Society. (See also: Notre Dame Academy, Patna)
  • Eastern Railway High School: A high school for railway employees' children, and one of the oldest high schools in the city.
  • Collince International Convent School
  • Blue Bells School
  • R.B.Hight School
  • D.P.S School
  • J. R. S. College, Jamalpur
  • Jamalpur College, Jamalpur
  • International Arch. University

See also

References

  1. ^ "Jamalpur Coordinates". Tageo.com. Retrieved 13 August 2014. 
  2. ^ "Munger Jamalpur Geography". MungerJamalpur.com. Retrieved 13 August 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c "Jamalpur City Census 2011 data". Population Census 2011.  
  4. ^ Acosta, Devashish Donald (October 1, 2010). Anandamurti: The Jamalpur Years. Innerworld Publications.  
  5. ^ "Jamalpur Kaali Pahadi". Retrieved 5 May 2012. 
  6. ^ "Pin Code of Jamalpur Munger". citypincode.in. Retrieved 2014-05-19. 

External links

  • History of Jamalpur Locomotive Works
  • Jamalpur the most beautiful place
  • Blog on Jamalpur
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