World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Jan de Baen

Article Id: WHEBN0018774706
Reproduction Date:

Title: Jan de Baen  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Old City Hall (The Hague), Kemayoran, Mauritshuis, 1633, February 20
Collection: 1633 Births, 1702 Deaths, Artists from Haarlem, Dutch Golden Age Painters, Dutch Portrait Painters
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Jan de Baen

Jan de Baen
Self portrait of Jan de Baen with his wife
Born 20 February 1633
Haarlem, Dutch Republic
Died 1702 (aged 68–69)
The Hague, Dutch Republic
Nationality Dutch
Education Jacob Adriaensz Backer
Known for Painting
Movement Dutch Golden Age painting
Patron(s) Charles II of England

Jan de Baen (20 February 1633 – 1702) was a Dutch portrait painter who lived during the Dutch Golden Age. He was a pupil of the painter Jacob Adriaensz Backer in Amsterdam from 1645 to 1648. He worked for Charles II of England in his Dutch exile, and from 1660 until his death he lived and worked in The Hague. His portraits were popular in his day, and he painted the most distinguished people of his time.


Jan de Baen was born on 20 February 1633 in Haarlem, Holland, Dutch Republic.[1] After his parents died, when he was a child, he lived with his uncle Hinderk Pyman (or Piemans) in Emden. Jan de Baen received his first painting lessons from his uncle, who was a painter himself.[2] From 1645 to 1648 he lived in Amsterdam, where he was the pupil of painter Jacob Adriaensz Backer.[1]

After completing his training, he worked for the exiled court of Charles II of England,[3] but upon the English Restoration of 1660 did not follow his patron, but moved to The Hague, where he worked as a portrait painter for the rest of his life. The Elector of Brandenburg asked him to work at his court in Berlin, but he refused this invitation.[2] He was the teacher of his son, the painter Jacobus de Baen, and the pupils Johann Friedrich Bodecker, Denys Godijn, Hendrik van Limborch, Nicolaes van Ravesteyn, Petro van Rijs, Jan van Sweel, and Johannes Vollevens.[1]

He died in 1702 around his 69th birthday, and was buried in The Hague on 8 March 1702.[1] In his biographical sketch of Jan de Baen, Houbraken claims that he taught his son Jacobus to paint, who died at 27.[4]


His portraits were popular in his own day, and he painted the most distinguished people of his time.[2][3] He portrayed Cornelis de Witt, Johan de Witt, the Grandduke of Tuscany, and King-stadtholder William III of England.[2] Besides portraits, he also painted cityscapes, history paintings, and genre paintings.[1]

The German Meyers Konversations-Lexikon (1885–1892) states that his large reputation during his life was not justified by his "characterless, rigid, and unattractively coloured images".[3]


  1. ^ a b c d e "Baen, Jan de". RKDartists& (in Nederlands). Netherlands Institute for Art History. Retrieved 2008-08-08. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Baen, Jan de" (in Nederlands). Dordrechts Museum. Retrieved 2008-08-11. 
  3. ^ a b c "Bados - Baeyer.".  
  4. ^ (Dutch) Jakobus de Baan biography in De groote schouburgh der Nederlantsche konstschilders en schilderessen (1718) by Arnold Houbraken, courtesy of the Digital library for Dutch literature
  5. ^ "Verheerlijking van Cornelis de Witt, met op de achtergrond de tocht naar Chatham" (in Nederlands).  
  6. ^ "Johan de Witt (1625–72), raadpensionaris van Holland" (in Nederlands).  
  7. ^ "De lijken van de gebroeders De Witt, opgehangen op het Groene Zoodje aan de Vijverberg te Den Haag, 1672" (in Nederlands).  
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.