World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Japanese Village, Knightsbridge

Article Id: WHEBN0026127981
Reproduction Date:

Title: Japanese Village, Knightsbridge  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Victorian culture, Japanese community of London, Timeline of London
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Japanese Village, Knightsbridge

Photo at the Japanese village taken by W. S. Gilbert[1]

The Japanese Village in Knightsbridge, London, was a late Victorian era exhibition of Japanese culture located in Humphreys' Hall, which took place from January 1885 until June 1887.


The exhibition employed around 100 Japanese men and women in a setting built to resemble a traditional Japanese village. The exhibition was a commercial venture organised by Tannaker Buhicrosan, who had been organising travelling Japanese exhibitions in Britain for several years beforehand. As a result of the opening up of Japan to trade with Britain in the 1850s, an English craze for all things Japanese had built through the 1860s and 1870s, fed by the British perception of Japan as a mediaeval culture. This resonated particularly with devotees of the Aesthetic movement of the late nineteenth century and made the exhibition very popular,[2] with over 250,000 visitors during its early months.[3]

The exhibition was completely contained within Humphreys' Hall (which was south of Knightsbridge and east of what is now Trevor Street[3] including segregated sleeping accommodation for the employees. According to advertisements placed in the Illustrated London News, "Skilled Japanese artisans and workers (male and female) will illustrate the manners, customs, and art-industries of their country, attired in their national and picturesque costumes. Magnificently decorated and illuminated Buddhist temple. Five o’clock tea in the Japanese tea-house. Japanese Musical and other Entertainments. Every-day Life as in Japan".[4]

While Gilbert and Sullivan were writing their opera The Mikado (1885), W. S. Gilbert visited the exhibition and engaged Japanese people from the village to teach his cast aspects of Japanese behaviour.[2] In May 1885, the hall burnt down overnight and one of the Japanese employees was killed in the blaze. However Mr Buhicrosan immediately announced that the hall and the exhibit would be rebuilt as quickly as possible. As it happened the exhibit employees were already committed to visit Berlin and appear at the 1885 International Hygiene Exhibition in Berlin. They proceeded to fulfill the engagement. Meanwhile the hall and the village exhibit were both reconstructed and the exhibition re-opened to the public in December 1885.

The exhibition continued for another eighteen months. By February 1887, over a million people had visited it. It closed in June 1887.[1]


  1. ^ a b Information about the Japanese exhibition, 1885-87
  2. ^ a b Jones, pp. 688–93
  3. ^ a b British history online, 'Knightsbridge Green Area: Scotch Corner and the High Road', Survey of London: volume 45: Knightsbridge (2000), pp. 79-88
  4. ^ An advertisement from the Illustrated London News, 3 January 1885, quoted in McLaughlin, para 10.


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.