World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Jerome Isaac Friedman

Jerome Isaac Friedman
Born (1930-03-28) March 28, 1930
Chicago, Illinois
Nationality United States
Fields Physics
Institutions MIT
Alma mater University of Chicago
Doctoral advisor Enrico Fermi
Known for Experimental proof of quarks
Notable awards Nobel Prize in Physics (1990)
Spouse Tania Letetsky-Baranovsky (m. 1956; 4 children)[1]
For the Louisiana state legislator, see J. Isaac Friedman.

Dr. Jerome Isaac Friedman, Ph.D (born March 28, 1930) is an American physicist, Institute Professor and Professor of Physics, Emeritus, at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He is a 1990 Physics Nobel Laureate along with Dr. Henry Kendall and Dr. Richard Taylor, for work showing an internal structure for protons later known to be quarks. Dr. Friedman currently sits on the Board of Sponsors of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists.


  • Life and career 1
  • Publications 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Life and career

Born in Chicago, Illinois to Lillian (née Warsaw) and Selig Friedman, a sewing machine salesman, Friedman's Jewish[2] parents emigrated to the U.S. from Russia. Jerome Friedman excelled in art but became interested in physics after reading a book on relativity written by Albert Einstein. He turned down a scholarship to the Art Institute of Chicago in order to study physics at the University of Chicago. Whilst there he worked under Enrico Fermi, and eventually received his Ph.D in physics in 1956. In 1960 he joined the physics faculty of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

In 1968-69, commuting between MIT and California, he conducted experiments with Henry W. Kendall and Richard E. Taylor at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center which gave the first experimental evidence that protons had an internal structure, later known to be quarks. For this, Friedman, Kendall and Taylor shared the 1990 Nobel Prize in Physics. He is an Institute Professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Prof. Friedman is a member of the Board of Sponsors of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists.[3]

In 2008, Friedman received an honorary Ph.D from the University of Belgrade. He is an honorary professor at the University of Belgrade's Faculty of Physics[4] and the Faculty's world famous institutes: Institute of Physics,[5] Institute of Physics, Zemun[5] and Vinca Nuclear Institute.[6]

In 2003 he was one of 22 Nobel Laureates who signed the Humanist Manifesto.[7]


See also


  1. ^ Nobel Prize winners: Supplement, 1987-1991 : an H.W. Wilson biographical dictionary, Volume 2. Google Books (H.W. Wilson Co.). 1992. Retrieved June 3, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Jewish Laureates of Nobel Prize in Physics". Jewish Laureates of Nobel Prize in Physics. Israel Science and Technology Homepage. 2013. Retrieved June 3, 2014. 
  3. ^ "Board of Sponsors". Board of Sponsors. Bulletin of Atomic Scientists. 2014. Retrieved June 4, 2014. 
  4. ^ "Faculty of Physics". University of Belgrade. 2014. Retrieved June 3, 2014. 
  5. ^ a b "Institute of Physics Belgrade". University of Belgrade. 2014. Retrieved June 3, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Vinca Institute of Nuclear Sciences".  
  7. ^ "Notable Signers". Humanism and its Aspirations. American Humanist Association. Retrieved October 2, 2012. 

External links

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.