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Johann Anton Güldenstädt

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Title: Johann Anton Güldenstädt  
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Subject: Capoeta, Luciobarbus, Alburnus, Güldenstädt, Russian ornithologists
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Johann Anton Güldenstädt

Johann Anton Güldenstädt (26 April 1745 in Riga, Latvia – 23 March 1781 in St. Petersburg, Russia) was a Baltic German naturalist and explorer in Russian service.

Güldenstädt lost both his parents early, and from 1763 onwards studied St Petersburg. The results of the expedition and Güldenstädt's edited expedition journal were published after his death by Peter Simon Pallas in Reisen durch Russland und im Caucasischen Gebürge (Travels in Russia and the Mountains of the Caucasus) (1787–1791).

The expedition contributed greatly to the fields of biology, geology, geography, and particularly linguistics. Güldenstädt took detailed notes on the languages of the region. After the expedition, which definitively established Güldenstädt's reputation at the Academy, he continued to work as a naturalist.

Güldenstädt's expedition was the first systematic study of the Caucasus. As was typical of contemporary expeditions organized in the spirit of the Treaty of Georgievsk, which made East Georgia a Russian protectorate.

In 1781, he died from an outbreak of fever in St. Petersburg.


  • Legacy 1
  • Publications 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4


Güldenstädt first described the Jungle cat in 1776 in his article Chaus – Animal feli adfine descriptum.[2]
He is commemorated in the names of:


  • Chaus – Animal feli adfine descriptum. Commentarii Academiae Scientiarum Imperialis Petropolitanae Volume 20, St. Petersburg 1776. Pp. 483
  • Reisen durch Rußland und im Caucasischen Gebürge. Russisch-Kayserliche Akademie der Wissenschaften *, St. Petersburg 1787. (* Russian Imperial Academy of Sciences)
  • Puteshestvie po Kavkazu v 1770-1773 gg. Translated by T. K. Shafranovskaia. St. Petersburg: Peterburgskoe Vostokovedenie, 2002.

See also


  1. ^ "'"Author Query for 'Gueldenst..  
  2. ^ Güldenstädt, J.A. (1776) Chaus – Animal feli adfine descriptum. Commentarii Academiae Scientiarum Imperialis Petropolitanae, Vol 20, St. Petersburg. Pp. 483
  • Gnucheva, V. F. et al. 1940. Materialy dlia istorii ekspeditsii Akademii nauk v XVIII i XIX vekakh: khronologicheskie obzory i opisanie arkhivnykh materialov. Moscow: Izdatelstvo Akademii nauk SSSR.
  • Kopelevich, Iudif’ Khaimovna 1997. Iogann Anton Gil’denshtedt, 1745-1781. Moscow: Nauka.
  • Kosven, Mark Osipovich 1955. “Materialy po istorii etnografii Kavkaza v russkoi nauke”. Kavkazskii etnograficheskii sbornik. Vols. I, III. Ed. V. K. Gardanov. Moscow: Izdatelstvo Akademii nauk SSSR. I, Pp. 272–290. II, Pp. 267–281
  • Lavrov, L. I. 1976. “K 250-letiiu akademicheskogo kavkazovedeniia v Rossii.” Kavkazskii etnograficheskii sbornik. Vol. VI. Ed. V. K. Gardanov. Moscow: Izdatelstvo Akademii nauk SSSR. Pp. 3–10
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