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John II Comyn, Lord of Badenoch

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John II Comyn, Lord of Badenoch

Seal of John Comyn, attached to a charter (1278) which granted use of a road through his forest to Inchaffray Abbey.

John II Comyn, Lord of Badenoch and Lord of Lochaber (died 1302) or John "the Black", also known as Black Comyn, a Scottish nobleman, was a Guardian of Scotland, and one of the six Regents for Margaret, Maid of Norway. His father was John I Comyn, Lord of Badenoch.

Contents

  • Competitor for the Crown 1
  • Family 2
  • Death 3
  • Notes 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Competitor for the Crown

In 1284 he joined with other Scottish noblemen who acknowledged Margaret of Norway as the heir of King Alexander.[1] He was a Guardian of the Realm from 1286 to 1292.[2] Comyn submitted to the English king in July 1296 at Montrose.[3]

As a descendant of King Donald III, Comyn was one of the thirteen Competitors for the Crown of Scotland. He did not aggressively push his claim for fear of jeopardising that of his brother-in-law John de Balliol, King of Scotland.[3]

Comyn, head of the most powerful noble family in Scotland, was a committed ally of Balliol and assisted him in his struggle against Edward I of England. It has even been suggested that the Comyn family were the driving force behind both the Balliol kingship and the revolt against Edward's demands. John Comyn is credited with the building of several large castles or castle houses in and around Inverness. Parts of Mortlach (Balvenie Castle) and Inverlochy Castle still stand today. John Comyn as his father was before him was entrusted by Alexander III of Scotland with the defense of Scotland's northern territories from invasion by the Vikings and the Danes.

Family

Comyn married Eleanor de Balliol, daughter of John I de Balliol of Barnard Castle, sister of King John of Scotland. Together they had several children, which included:

  • John III Comyn, Lord of Badenoch.,[4][5] who married Lady Joan de Valence of Pembroke, daughter of William de Valence, 1st Earl of Pembroke, who was the half-brother to Henry III of England, and uncle of Edward I of England.
  • One of their daughters, Euphemia, married Sir Andrew Moray of Petty.
  • Their other daughter, whose given name is not known, married Sir William Galbraith, Chief of that Ilk. It is commonly accepted that Sir William Galbraith and the unnamed Princess of Badenoch are the common progenitures of the Kincaid Family of Scotland and all of their descendents.

Death

John II Comyn, Lord of Badenoch died at Lochindorb Castle,[3] in 1302.

Notes

  1. ^ Foedera, p228
  2. ^ G. W. S. Barrow, Robert Bruce and the Community of the Realm of Scotland (2005) p. 188.
  3. ^ a b c Tout 1887.
  4. ^ SCOTTISH ROYAL LINEAGE - THE HOUSE OF ATHOLL Part 2 of 6 Burkes Peerage Retrieved on 2007-11-01
  5. ^ ,Comyn01 @ Stirnet Retrieved on 2007-11-04

References

  •  Tout, Thomas Frederick (1887). "Comyn, John (d.1300?)". In  
  • Rymer, Thomas,Foedera Conventiones, Literae et cuiuscunque generis Acta Publica inter Reges Angliae. London. 1745. (Latin) [2]

External links

4. Clan Galbraith History: http://www.clangalbraith.org/GalbraithHistory/GalbraithHistory.htm

Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
John I
Lord of Badenoch
1277-1302
Succeeded by
John III
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