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Karnataka Konkani

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Karnataka Konkani

Not to be confused with Konkani dialect (Marathi).

Main article: Konkani language
Konkani
कोंकणी,[1] Konknni, ಕೊಂಕಣಿ, കൊങ്കണി
Pronunciation kõkɵɳi (standard), kõkɳi (popular)
Native to India
Region

Konkan, includes the state of Karnataka, Maharashtra and some parts of Kerala

Konkani is also spoken in Kenya,[2] Uganda, Pakistan, Persian Gulf,[3] Lisbon in Portugal
Native speakers (no estimate available)
Language family
Writing system Devanagari (official),[4] Latin,[5] Kannada,[6] Malayalam and Arabic
Official status
Official language in India Goa, India
Regulated by Various academies and the Government of Goa[7]
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Linguist List
 
 
 
 
 

Karnataka Konkani refers to the various dialects of Konkani language spoken in the state of Karnataka,and some parts of Kerala. Konkani is spoken by a remarkable number of Goan migrants who have settled in Uttara Kannada, Udupi, South Kanara and many other places in North and south Karnataka for the last few centuries.

History

Konkani families migrated to North Canara and South Canara on three separate occasions:

Demographics

According to census of India,1991 40.1% Konkani speakers hail from the state of Karnataka.In Karnataka over 80% of them are from the coastal districts of North and South Kanara,including Udupi.3.6% of the Konkani speakers are from Kerala,and nearly half of them are from Ernakulam district.[8]

Description

Konkani in Karnataka has been in contact with Kannada, Tulu and Malayalam to some extent,thus showing Dravidian influence on its syntax.[9] According to the linguists Konkani in Karnataka has undergone a process of degenitivization,and is moving towards dativizationon the pattern of Dravidian languages.Degenitivization means the loss or replacement of the genitives,and Dativization means replacement of the genitive in the donor language (ie.Konkani) by the dative case marker in the recipient language(ie.Kannada).[9]

The phonetics,sounds, nasalization, grammar,syntax and in turn vocabulary obviously differs from Goan Konkani.[9]

In Karnataka Konkani present continuous tense is strikingly observable which is not so prominent in Goan Konkani.[10] Present indefinite of the auxiliary is fused with present participle of the primary verb,and the auxiliary is partially dropped.[10] The southern dialects when came in contact with Dravidian languages this difference became more prominent in dialects spoken in Karnataka whereas Goan Konkani still retains the original form. e.g.: I eat and I am eating sound similar in Goan Konkani,due to loss of auxiliary in colloquial speech.hāv khātā correspondeds to I am eating.On the other hand in Karnataka Konkani;hāv khātā corresponds to I eat,and hāv khātoāsā or hāv khāter āsā means I am eating.

Konkani speaking communities in Karnataka and Kerala

Citations

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