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Kees Neggers

Kees Neggers
Kees Neggers in 2003
Born Cornelis Adrianus Maria Neggers
(1947-07-20) July 20, 1947
Breda, Netherlands
Nationality Netherlands
Institutions University of Groningen
Catholic University of Nijmegen
Alma mater Eindhoven University of Technology
Notable awards Dutch ICT Personality of the Year (2002)
Officer of the Order of Orange-Nassau (2012)
Inductee Internet Hall of Fame (2013)

Cornelis Adrianus Maria "Kees" Neggers (born July 20, 1947) is a Dutch Internet pioneer. He is best known for starting and promoting a large number of initiatives for international collaboration in research and education networking.


  • Education and early career 1
  • SURFnet and international activities 2
  • Awards 3
  • References 4

Education and early career

Neggers was born in [2]

SURFnet and international activities

In 1984-1985, Boudewijn Nederkoorn, Director of the Computing Centre at the Catholic University of Nijmegen, and Kees Neggers were among a few dozen members of the academic and ICT community in the Netherlands preparing a multi-annual plan for computer services by scientific education and research.[3] This led to the creation of the SURF Foundation in May 1987 and the incorporation of the company SURFnet BV in January 1989. A year earlier, on 1 January 1988, Nederkoorn and Neggers were appointed Co-Directors of SURFnet.[4]

On 13 June 1986, Neggers was present when Réseaux Associés pour la Recherche Européenne (RARE), the European association of national research and education networks, was incorporated in Amsterdam. He served as Treasurer of the association until 1990, as vice-president from 1990 until 1992, and as president from 1992 until the European Academic and Research Network (EARN) association was merged with RARE and RARE changed its name to TERENA on 20 October 1994.[5][6][7][8][9] He joined the TERENA Executive Committee again as Vice-President for Services from 1997 until 1999, and as Vice-President Technical Programme from 1999 until 2001.[10][11]

In November 1987 Neggers participated in the first meeting of the Co-ordinating Committee for Intercontinental Research Networking (CCIRN), which was held in Washington, D.C.. He was appointed by RARE as the European CCIRN co-chair in 1988 and continued in that position until the final full CCIRN meeting in Reykjavík in 2011.[12]

In the 1980s the need to choose between the OSI protocols and the Internet Protocol (IP) became the subject of a long-lasting controversy, but by the early 1990s IP became the dominant protocol in data networking. In 1991, Neggers was one of the people leading the initiative to create a project called Ebone as an interim solution while the European research networking community made the transition from OSI to IP.[13][14]

Neggers represented RARE as a Founding Member of the

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In 2002, Boudewijn Nederkoorn and Kees Neggers were jointly elected ICT Personality of the Year by the Dutch ICT-Office.[21] On his retirement from SURFnet in 2012, Kees Neggers was appointed Officer of the Order of Orange-Nassau.[22] He was inducted into the Internet Hall of Fame in August 2013.[23]


In July 2012, Neggers retired from his position at SURFnet, but continued as a strategic advisor to the SURF Foundation and as one of the Dutch representatives in the e-Infrastructure Reflection Group.[19][20] In July 2014, Neggers took up the job as director of SURF.

initiative since its inception in 2003. GLORIAD the GLIF Open Lightpath Exchange (GOLE) in Amsterdam, and represented SURFnet in the [18] He was one of the initiators of the creation of NetherLight,[17] Neggers was one of the organisers of first Annual Global LambdaGrid Workshop, which was held in

He took an active part in the creation of the [2]

The Réseaux IP Européens Network Coordination Centre (RIPE NCC) was created by RARE in 1992. As TERENA's Vice-President for Services, Neggers played a major role in splitting off the service and setting up the RIPE NCC as an independent association, incorporated in November 1997. He served as a TERENA-appointed member of the Board of the RIPE NCC in 1998-1999, and as Chair of the Executive Board from 2000 until 2008.[16]


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