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Keiō Takao Line

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Title: Keiō Takao Line  
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Keiō Takao Line

     Keio Takao Line
Between Takao and Takaosanguchi
Overview
Type Commuter rail
Locale Tokyo
Operation
Opening 1967
Owner Keio Corporation
Technical
Line length 8.6 km[1]
Track gauge 1,372 mm (4 ft 6 in)
Electrification 1,500 V DC, overhead catenary
Route map
Shinjuku
Keio Line
0 Kitano
Keiō Line (Keio Hachiōji)
Yokohama Line
1.7 Keiō-Katakura
3.2 Yamada
Goryō Line
4.3 Mejirodai
5.8 Hazama
Chūō Main Line
6.9 Takao
Chūō Main Line
8.6 Takaosanguchi
Takao Mountain Railroad

The Keio Takao line (京王高尾線 Keiō Takao-sen) is a railway line operated by the Japanese private railway operator Keio Corporation. The line connects Kitano Station on the Keio Line, to Takaosanguchi Station, and offers access to Mount Takao at the terminal. It is 1,372 mm (4 ft 6 in) gauge, electrified at 1,500 V DC. The line originally terminated at Goryōmae to service visitors to the tomb of Emperor Taishō.

Most trains are operated through to/from Shinjuku terminal on the Keio Line.

Service patterns

On the Takao Line, Keio operates six different service types, with trains running through to and from the Keio Main Line.

  •      Local (各駅停車 Kakueki Teisha) (L)
  •      Rapid (快速 Kaisoku) (R)
  •      Semi Express (区間急行 Kukan Kyūkō) (SeE)
  •      Express (急行 Kyūkō) (Ex)
  •      Semi Special Express (準特急 Jun Tokkyū) (SSE)
  •      Special Express (特急 Tokkyū) (SE)

Stations

All stations are in Hachiōji, Tokyo.
No. Station Japanese Distance (km) L R SeE Ex SSE SE Transfers
KO33 Kitano 北野 0.0 O O O O O O Keio Line
KO48 Keiō-Katakura 京王片倉 1.7 O O O   O  
KO49 Yamada 山田 3.2 O O O   O  
KO50 Mejirodai めじろ台 4.3 O O O O O O
KO51 Hazama 狭間 5.8 O O O   O  
KO52 Takao 高尾 6.9 O O O O O O Chuo Line (Rapid)
KO53 Takaosanguchi 高尾山口 8.6 O O O O O O

History

Former Goryō Line

On March 20, 1930, the Keio Electric Tramway opened the Goryō Line, a 6.3 km branch of the Keio Line, electrified at 600 VDC, between Kitano Station and Goryōmae Station. The terminus, Goryōmae, was a gateway for the tomb of Emperor Taishō.

The line had three intermediate stations: Katakura, Yamada, and Yokoyama. Yokoyama Station and Goryōmae Station were renamed Musashi-Yokoyama Station and Tamagoryōmae Station respectively in 1937. The line was single track and had a passing loop at Yokoyama Station. On weekdays, the line operated at 30 or 40 minute intervals, while at weekends it operated through trains to Yotsuya-Shinjuku Station, the Tokyo terminal of Keio at that time, at 20-minute intervals.[2]

The Keio Electric Tramway was merged into Tokyō Kyūko Dentetsu (present-day Tokyu Corporation) in 1944. The new operator suspended operation of the Goryō Line on January 21, 1945 as a "not needed or not pressing" line, which was subject of the collection of metal for the war effort.

In 1948, Keio Teito Electric Railway (present-day Keio Corporation) was established and succeeded the former operation of Keiō Electric Tramway including the suspended Goryō Line.

Takao Line

During the economic boom in 1960s, Keio decided to build a new line to Mount Takao utilizing a part of the (effectively closed) Goryō Line. About 3.7 km from Kitano (to a point in Yamatamachi, Hachiōji) was to be reused and the remaining 2.6 km was officially closed in 1964.

Keio opened the Takao Line on October 1, 1967, electrified at 1500 VDC and dual track to Takao station. Among the former Goryō Line stations, Katakura Station (newly named Keiō-Katakura Station) and Yamada Station were revived.

References

This article incorporates material from the corresponding article in the Japanese WorldHeritage

  1. ^ Terada, Hirokazu (July 2002). データブック日本の私鉄 (Databook: Private Railways of Japan). Tokyo, Japan: Neko Publishing. pp. 62–63.  
  2. ^ Iijima, Masashi (July 2003). "Musashi Chūō Denki Tetsudō to Goryōsen ni tsuite". The Railway Pictorial (in Japanese) (Tokyo: Denkisha Kenkyūkai) 734 (July 2003 Extra): 127. 

External links

  • Keio Corporation website (English)
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