World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

King's Cross St. Pancras tube station

Article Id: WHEBN0000231037
Reproduction Date:

Title: King's Cross St. Pancras tube station  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Euston Square tube station, London Underground, Farringdon station, Angel tube station, Euston tube station
Collection: Circle Line Stations, Former City and South London Railway Stations, Former Great Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton Railway Stations, Hammersmith & City Line Stations, Kings Cross, London, Metropolitan Line Stations, Northern Line Stations, Piccadilly Line Stations, Proposed Chelsea-Hackney Line Stations, Railway Stations Opened in 1906, Railway Stations Opened in 1907, Railway Stations Opened in 1941, Railway Stations Opened in 1968, Tube Stations in Camden, Victoria Line Stations
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

King's Cross St. Pancras tube station

King's Cross St. Pancras
Entrance on Euston Road outside King's Cross station concourse.
King's Cross St. Pancras is located in Central London
King's Cross St. Pancras
Location of King's Cross St. Pancras in Central London
Location King's Cross / St Pancras
Local authority London Borough of Camden
Managed by London Underground
Owner London Underground
Number of platforms 8
Accessible Yes
Fare zone 1
OSI London King's Cross and
London St Pancras Int'l
London Underground annual entry and exit
2011 77.11 million[1]
2012 80.97 million[1]
2013 84.87 million[1]
2014 91.98 million[1]
Key dates
1863 Opened (MR)
1906 Opened (GNP&BR)
1907 Opened (C&SLR)
1968 Opened (Victoria line)
1987 King's Cross fire
Other information
Lists of stations
London Transport portal

King's Cross St. Pancras is a London Underground station located within the London Borough of Camden. It serves King's Cross and St Pancras main line stations and falls within fare zone 1.

Contents

  • Interchange 1
  • Ticket halls 2
  • History 3
  • Platform level tiling 4
  • Future proposals 5
    • Crossrail 2 5.1
    • York Road 5.2
  • Connections 6
  • See also 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9

Interchange

King's Cross St Pancras is the biggest interchange station on the London Underground, serving six lines on four pairs of tracks as well as two National Rail stations:

Ticket halls

The underground part of the station underwent extensive remodelling works to increase throughflow of passengers resulting from the opening of High Speed 1. The expanded station now has four entrances, and was completed in November 2009.

  • The main ticket hall (sometimes referred to as the "Tube Ticket Hall") is in front of King's Cross station. It has been expanded and refurbished and is signposted as the 'Euston Road' way out from the tube lines.
  • The Pentonville Road entrance: this used to be the ticket hall for King's Cross Thameslink station and had underground passageway connections to the Piccadilly and Victoria lines. It was taken over by London Underground when the Thameslink platforms closed. The entrance is not open at weekends and the ticket office has been permanently closed, with ticket machines remaining.
  • The Western Ticket Hall is under the forecourt of St Pancras station, adjacent to Euston Road. It provides access to St Pancras Station via the St Pancras undercroft and opened on 28 May 2006.
  • The Northern Ticket Hall is west of King's Cross station platform 8, underneath the new main concourse. The London Underground ticket hall and associated connections to the tube lines were opened on 29 November 2009. The hall is convenient for the proposed King's Cross Central development and has a connection to the transverse passageway of St Pancras main line station. It is signposted as the 'Regent's Canal' way out from the tube lines.

History

A tunnel leading to the Pentonville Road entrance (formerly a connection to the Thameslink platforms)

The first underground station at King's Cross opened as part of the original section of the Metropolitan Railway in 1863 and was rearranged in 1868 and 1926. New platforms for the sub-surface lines of the Underground were opened about 400 m (440 yd) to the west in 1941 to make interchanging between the sub-surface lines and the tube lines easier; the 1868 platforms later became the former King's Cross Thameslink station, which closed on 9 December 2007 when the Thameslink service moved to St Pancras International. One of the platforms may be seen from Underground trains between the present station and Farringdon.

The Great Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton Railway (GNP&BR, now part of the Piccadilly line) platforms opened with the rest of the line in December 1906, while the City & South London Railway (C&SLR, now part of the Northern line) arrived in May 1907. The Victoria line platforms came into use on 1 December 1968 with the opening of the second phase of the line. The Victoria line escalators cut through the location of the original Piccadilly line lifts.

Memorial plaque to the 1987 fire in the station

On 18 November 1987 the station was the scene of a devastating fire that killed 31 people. The cause was attributed to a lit match falling into, and setting fire to, an escalator machine room, combined with a then-unknown fire phenomenon of the trench effect, which caused the fire to explode into the station. As a result, fire safety procedures on the Underground were tightened, staff training was improved and wooden steps on escalators were replaced with metal ones. The existing prohibition of smoking throughout the London Underground network was tightened. Due to the extensive damage caused by the fire, it took over a year to repair and reopen the station; the Northern line platforms and the escalators from the ticket hall to the Piccadilly line remained closed until 5 March 1989.

On 7 July 2005, as part of a co-ordinated bomb attack, an explosion in a Piccadilly line train travelling between King's Cross St Pancras and Russell Square resulted in the deaths of 26 people.

Platform level tiling

A platform on the London Underground.
Although most of the platform tilework has been redone, the Piccadilly line platform in this photo shows the tile rings that each station along the central part of that line had at opening.

The stations along the central part of the Piccadilly line, as well as some sections of the Northern line, were financed by Charles Yerkes,[2] and are famous for the Leslie Green designed red station buildings and distinctive platform tiling. Each station had its own unique tile pattern and colours.

Future proposals

Crossrail 2

Since 1991, a route for a potential Crossrail 2 has been safeguarded, including a connection at King's Cross St Pancras and Euston, forming the station Euston King's Cross St Pancras.[3] The proposed scheme would offer a second rail link between King's Cross and Victoria in addition to the Victoria line. The locations for any new stations on the route will depend on the loading gauge of the final scheme. In the 2007 safeguarded route, the next stations would be Tottenham Court Road and Angel.

York Road

In 2005 a business case was prepared to re-open the disused York Road tube station on the Piccadilly line, to serve the Kings Cross Central development and help relieve congestion at King's Cross St Pancras.[4] York Road station closed in 1932 and was about 600 m (660 yd) north of King's Cross St Pancras.

Connections

London Buses routes 10, 17, 30, 45, 46, 59, 63, 73, 91, 205, 214, 259, 390 and 476 and night routes N63, N73, N91 and N205 serve the station.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLS). London Underground station passenger usage data.  
  2. ^ http://www.londonreconnections.com/2010/the-man-who-painted-london-red/
  3. ^ "Crossrail 2: Scheme description". London Borough Islington. Archived from the original on 2004-11-10. 
  4. ^ "York Road Station Re-opening - Business Case Analysis" (PDF).  

External links

  • "Photographic collection". London Transport Museum. 
    • Piccadilly line station in 1906
    • Metropolitan line station in 1910
    • Metropolitan line platforms in 1934 before being moved to the west
    • Piccadilly line platform in early 20th century
  • "More photos of King's Cross St. Pancras". Tube Photos. 
  • "Schematic plan of station following completion of Northern Ticket Hall in November 2009". Parking in Stevenage Blog. 
Preceding station   London Underground   Following station
towards Hammersmith
Circle line
towards Edgware Road (via Aldgate)
Hammersmith & City line
towards Barking
Metropolitan line
towards Aldgate
Northern line
Bank/City branch
towards Morden (via Bank)
Piccadilly line
towards Cockfosters
towards Brixton
Victoria line
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.