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King of Armenia

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King of Armenia

This is a list of the kings and queens of Armenia, for more information on ancient Armenia and Armenians, please see History of Armenia. For information on the medieval Armenian Kingdom in Cilicia, please see the separate page Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia.

See List of Kings of Urartu for kings of Urartu (Ararat), the predecessor state of Greater Armenia.

Greater Armenia

This is the historical designation of the largest and longest-lasting Armenian kingdom.

Orontid Kings and Satraps

In Armenian tradition

Early kings in traditional Armenian chronology according to Moses of Chorene.

Note that the early dates are traditional and of uncertain accuracy.

Attested satraps

Yervandian (Yervanduni or Orontid) Dynasty

Main article: Orontid Dynasty

Artashesian (Artaxiad) Dynasty

Roman and Parthian non-dynastic candidates

  • Ariobarzanes, 2 BC to 4 (Roman protectorate)
  • Artavasdes III 4 to 6
  • Tigranes V, 6 then ruled with Erato from 6-12
  • Vonones (former king of Parthia) 12-16 (Roman protectorate)
  • Roman interregnum 16-18 (Vonones as nominal king)
  • Artaxias III 18-35 (Roman protectorate)
  • Arsaces I of Armenia (son of Artabanus III) 35 (Parthian protectorate)
  • Orodes of Armenia (pretender, son of Artabanus III) 35
  • Mithridates 35-37 (Roman protectorate)
  • Orodes (now king) 37-42 (Parthian protectorate)
  • Mithridates (second time) 42-51 (Roman protectorate)
  • Rhadamistus (son of Pharasmanes I of Iberia) 51-53 (Roman protectorate)
  • Tiridates I (son of Vonones II of Parthia) 53 (Roman protectorate)
  • Rhadamistus (second time) 53-54 (Roman protectorate)

Arshakuni (Arsacid) Kings of Armenia

Marzpanate

  • Veh Mihr Shahpur 428-442

Vasak, king of Siunik 442-451

Vartan Mamikonian[AKA Vartan Zoravar, legendary Armenian general killed in battle but preserved Armenia as first christian nation in the world]

  • Adhur Hordmidz (Adrormizd) 451-465
  • Adhur Guschnasp (Ardervechnasp) 465-481
  • Sahak Bagratuni 481-482

Military occupation by General Mihran 482

  • Vahan Mamikonian (provisional) 482-483
  • Zarmihr Karen (military occupation) 483
  • Shahpur of Rayy 483-484
  • Vahan Mamikonian (second time) 484-505/510 (provisional government 484-485)
  • Vard Mamikonian (brother) 505/510-509/514
  • Gushnasp Vahram ? 509/514-518
  • Mjej Gnuni 518-548
  • Tan Shapur 548-552
  • Guchnasp Vahram (second time?) 552-554
  • Tan Shapur (second time) 554-558/60
  • Varazdat 558/560-564
  • Sunen 564-572
  • Tham Khusru 577-580
  • Varaz Vzur 580-581
  • Aspahbad Pahlav 581-582/588
  • Frahat 582/588-588/589
  • Hratzin 588/589-590
  • To Byzantium 590
  • Mushegh Mamikonian 590-591 (governor)
  • Hamarakar 591 (governor)
  • Unknown 591-603 (governors)
  • Smbat Bagratuni 603-611
  • Shahrayanpet (in the East) 611-613
  • Shahen Vahmanzadhaghan (in the West) 611-613
  • Parsayenpet 613-616
  • Namdar Guchnasp 616-619
  • Sharaplakan (Sarablagas) 619-624
  • Rozbihan 624-627
  • Byzantine province 627-628
  • Varaztirots Bagratuni 628-634
  • Unknown 634-?
  • Mjej Gnuni 627-635
  • Vahan 636
  • Davith Saharuni 636-638
  • Several "nakharar" 638-643
  • Theodoros Rechtuni 643-645
  • Varaztirots Bagratuni 645-646

Princes of Armenia

  • Thedoros Rechtuni 646-653
  • Smbat I Bagratuni 646-653 (together Theodoros, in 753 alone)
  • Theodoros Rechtuni (second time) 653-654
  • Mushegh Mamikonian 654
  • Maurianos 654
  • Theodoros Rechtuni (third time) 654-655
  • Maurianos (second time) 655
  • Theodoros Rechtouni (fourth time) 655
  • Hamazasp Mamikonian 655-661
  • Grigor Mamikonian 661-685
  • Ashot Bagratuni 685-690
  • Nerseh Kamsarakan 690-693
  • Smbat II Bagratuni (son of Varaztirots Bagratuni) 693-695 (Muslim protectorate)
  • Abd Allh Ibn Hatim al-Bahili 695-696
  • Smbat II Bagratuni (second time) 696-705 (independent)
  • To Omeyya Caliphate 705
  • Ashot III Bagratuni the blind 732-745
  • Grigor Mamikonian 745-746
  • Ashot III Bagratuni the blind (second time) 746-750
  • Grigor Mamakonian (second time) 750-751
  • Mushegh Mamikonian (brother of Grigor) 751-?
  • Arab occupation 751-754
  • Sahak Bagratuni, lord of Taron 754-771
  • Smbat Bagratuni 771-772
  • vacant 772-781
  • Tatjat Antzevari 781-785
  • vacant 785-806

Bagratuni Kings

  • Ashot I the Great, 885-890
  • Smbat I the Martyr, 890-914
  • Ashot II the Iron, 914-928
  • Abas I of Armenia, 928-952
  • Ashot III the Merciful, 952-977
  • Smbat II the Conqueror, 977-989
  • Gagik I, 989-1020
  • Hovhannes-Smbat of Ani - Hovhannes [John]-Smbat III (XI) (son), 1020–1040
    • Ashot IV the Valiant, 1021–1039 (concurrently in certain regions after rebellion against Hovhannes-Smbat)
  • Gagik II, 1042–1045, dies c. 1079

Lesser Armenia

Orontid Dynasty

Kings of Sophene

See also

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