World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

King of the Lombards

Article Id: WHEBN0004546579
Reproduction Date:

Title: King of the Lombards  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Arianism, Pope Gregory II, Pope Gregory III, Pope Gregory IV, Pope Stephen III, Pope Stephen IV, 700, Otto III, Holy Roman Emperor, Desiderius, Antipope Constantine II
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

King of the Lombards


The Kings of the Lombards or reges Langobardorum (singular rex Langobardorum) were the monarchs of the Lombard people from the early 6th century until the Lombardic identity became lost in the 9th and 10th centuries. After 568, the Lombard kings sometimes styled themselves Kings of Italy (rex totius Italiae). After 774, they were not Lombards, but Franks. The Iron Crown of Lombardy (Corona Ferrea) was used for the coronation of the Lombard kings and the kings of Italy thereafter for centuries.

The primary sources for the Lombard kings before the Frankish conquest are the anonymous 7th-century Origo Gentis Langobardorum and the 8th-century Historia Langobardorum of Paul the Deacon. The earliest kings (the pre-Lethings) listed in the Origo are almost certainly legendary. They purportedly reigned during the Migration Period. The first ruler attested independently of Lombard tradition is Tato.

Early rulers

Legendary rulers

  • Shava
  • Agelmund
  • Lamissio
  • Ybor and Agio, brothers, together with their mother Gambara, who led the emigration from Scandinavia
  • Agilmund, son of Agio
  • Laiamicho

Lething Dynasty

The Lethings were an early dynasty from the time of Lethuc. The last ruling descendant of Lethuc was Walthari, whose son was in turn displaced by Audoin of the family of the Gausi.

  • Lethuc (fl. c. 400), ruled for some 40 years.
  • Aldihoc (mid-5th century)
  • Godehoc (480s), led the Lombards into modern-day Austria
  • Claffo (fl. c. 500)
  • Tato (early 6th century, died perhaps 510), his son Ildichus died in exile
  • Wacho (510–539), son of Unichus
  • Waltari (539–546), son of Wacho

Gausian Dynasty

  • Audoin (546–565), led the Lombards into Pannonia

Kings in Italy

Gausian Dynasty

Unnamed dynasty

Rule of the Dukes (Ten year interregnum)
  • Authari (584 - 590), son of previous
  • Agilulf (591 - c.616), cousin of previous

Bavarian Dynasty

Non-dynastic king

Harodingians

Bavarian Dynasty, First Restoration

Beneventan Dynasty

Bavarian Dynasty, Second Restoration

Non-dynastic kings

Carolingian Dynasty

Charlemagne conquered the Lombards in 774 at the invitation of Pope Adrian I.

The title rex Langobardorum, synonymous with rex Italiae, lasted well into the High Middle Ages,[1] but subsequent holders are found at King of Italy.

Notes

Sources

de:Langobarden#Könige der Langobarden

et:Langobardid#Langobardide kuningate loend ru:Лангобардское королевство#Короли лангобардов

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.