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Kochi metropolitan area

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Kochi metropolitan area

Kochi metropolitan area
കൊച്ചി നഗരസമൂഹം
Greater Cochin
Urban Agglomeration
Ernakulam Mainland, as seen from the Vembanad Lake
Ernakulam Mainland, as seen from the Vembanad Lake
Country  India
State Kerala
District Ernakulam
Population (2014)[1]
 • Total 2,277,630
Languages
 • Official Malayalam, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Telephone code 0484
Vehicle registration KL-7, KL-17, KL-39, KL-40, KL-41, KL-42, KL-43, KL-44, KL-63
This article is about the urban agglomeration of Kochi. For the city of Kochi, see Kochi

The Urban Agglomeration (UA) of Kochi (formerly known as Cochin) is a part of the Greater Cochin region and the largest[2] in the Indian state of Kerala.

The area constituted on the basis of census data 2011, consists of Corporation of Kochi (Cochin), 9 municipalities, 14 Panchayaths and parts of 4 Panchayaths. The 9 municipalities are Thrippunithura, Maradu, Thrikkakara, Kalamassery, Eloor, North Paravur, Perumbavoor, Aluva and Angamali. The fourteen Panchayaths consists of Cheranelloor, Varapuzha, Chennamangalam, Kadamakkudy, Mulavukad, Kadungalloor, Alengad, Chengamanad, Nedumbassery, Chottanikkara, Choornikkara, Edathala, Kumbalam, Kottuvally and Vypin Island. .

Apart from these local body areas, the Census Towns (CT) of Kureekad, Chowwara, Cheriyakadavu and Kedamangalam are also part of the Kochi Urban Agglomeration. Urban ugglomerations in India are determined on the basis of Census Towns (CT) which may or may not coincide with local bodies like Corporations, Municipalities or Panchayaths. E.g., Thrikkakara Municipality is enumerated as Census Towns of Kakkanad and Vazhakkala. Kochi urban agglomeration itself is not a geographically contiguous entity.

As per Census 2011, it has a population of 2,117,990 making it the largest[2] urban agglomeration in Kerala.[1]

[3][4][5]

History

Kochi was the princely state under the Kingdom of Kochi which came into existence in 1102, after the fall of the Kulasekhara empire.[6] The princely state was having the Kochi mainland as the capital. The state was ruled by Cochin Royal Family. However, the kingdom was under foreign rule since the 18th century, and the King often only had titular privileges.

On the earlier days, the kingdom of Kochi was always under the shadow of the attacks from Samoothirippadu (often anglicised as Zamorin), the ruler of Malabar the northern neighbour. From 1503 to 1663, Kochi was ruled by Portugal. Kochi hosted the grave of Vasco da Gama, the first European explorer to set sail for India, who was buried at St. Francis Church until his remains were returned to Portugal in 1539.[7] The Portuguese rule was followed by that of the Dutch, who had allied with the Zamorins in order to conquer Kochi.

In the battle of Ambalapuzha (3 January 1754), the Dutch allied Kochi was defeated by Marthanda Varma of Travancore after he ousted the Dutch in the Battle of Colachel-1741. In 1757 AD, a treaty was concluded between Travancore and Cochin, ensuring peace and stability on the Southern border. By 1773, the Mysore King Hyder Ali extended his conquest in the Malabar region to Kochi, forcing it to become a tributary of Mysore. The hereditary Prime Ministership of Kochi held by the Paliath Achans came to an end during this period. Soon, Kochi was ceded to the United Kingdom by the Dutch, who feared an outbreak of war on the Dutch Republic signed a treaty with the United Kingdom. This was in exchange for the island of Bangka as per the treaty.[8] Kochi was thus under the British rule, till India gained independence in 1947.

In 1949, Tamil Nadu), Malabar District, and the taluk of Kasargod, South Kanara.

Kochi Urban Agglomeration was defined in 1998, with the corporation of Cochin, municipalities of North Paravur Aluva, Angamaly, Kalamassery and 11 adjoining villages.

Economy

Kochi Marine Drive Day View
A night view of Marine Drive, Kochi

Kochi UA is referred to as the economic capital of Kerala. As a major coastal city which acts a gateway to goods in India, it has helped the development of the city

The economic growth gathered momentum after economic reforms in India introduced by the central government in the mid-1990s. Since 2000, the service sector has energized the economy. Over the years, the city has witnessed rapid commercialisation, and has today grown into the commercial capital of Kerala.[10]

Constituents of the urban agglomeration

Place Classification 2001 population Area (km2)
Angamaly Municipality 33,424 24.0
Chengamanad Census town 29,775 15.6
Chowwara Census town 13,603
Aluva Municipality 24,108 7.2
Choornikkara Census town 36,998 11.0
Edathala Census town 67,137 16.0
Paravur Municipality 30,056 9.0
Kottuvally Census town 37,884 20.8
Varappuzha Census town 24,516 7.7
Eloor Municipality 30,092 14.2
Kadungalloor Municipality 35,451 18.1
Mulavukad Census town 22,845 19.3
Kadamakkudy Census town 15,823 12.9
Cheranallur Census town 26,330 10.6
Kalamassery Municipality 63,176 27.0
Vazhakkala Census town 42,272 19.6
Vypin Census town 200,238 87.85
Kochi Municipal corporation 596,473 94.9
Kedamangalam Outgrowth 21,729 42.7
Alangad Outgrowth 40,585 18.4
Cheriyakadavu Outgrowth 8,326
Thrikkakkara Municipality 22,486 42.8
Maradu Municipality 40,993 12.4
Thrippunithura Municipality 81,594 29.2
Chennamangalam Outgrowth 21,881 14.7
Chottanikkara Census town 19,168 17.3
Kureekkad Census town 9,730
Perumbavoor Municipality 64,545 28.5 TOTAL 1,546,470 ≈600

References

  1. ^ a b
  2. ^ a b
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^ Kochi Kingdom Corporation of Cochin official site
  7. ^ Vasco-Da-Gama Encarta encyclopedia. Archived 2009-11-01.
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^ Statistics of Ernakulam in 2001 Official site of Government of Kerala

External links

  • Government of Kerala - Ernakulam Portal
  • Government of India Ernakulam Portal


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