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Konstantinos Tsatsos

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Konstantinos Tsatsos

Konstantinos Tsatsos
President of Greece
In office
June 20, 1975 – May 15, 1980
Preceded by Michail Stasinopoulos
Succeeded by Constantine Karamanlis
Personal details
Born (1899-07-01)July 1, 1899
Athens, Greece
Died October 8, 1987(1987-10-08) (aged 88)
Athens, Greece
Nationality Greek
Political party New Democracy
Spouse(s) Ioanna Seferiadou

Konstantinos Tsatsos (Greek: Κωνσταντίνος Τσάτσος; July 1, 1899 – October 8, 1987) was a revered Greek diplomat, professor of law, scholar and politician. He served as the second President of the Third Hellenic Republic from 1975 to 1980.

Life

He was born in Athens in 1899. After graduating from the Law School of the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens in 1918 he joined the diplomatic corps. After completing his doctoral studies (1924-1928) in Heidelberg, Weimar Republic Germany, he returned to Greece where he became a professor of law in 1933. In 1940, he was arrested and exiled for opposing the 4th of August Regime under Prime Minister of Greece Ioannis Metaxas. During the Axis occupation of Greece during World War II, Tsatsos participated in the Greek Resistance and then he fled to the Middle East, where the exiled Greek government was seated.

After the end of World War II, in 1945 he returned to Greece and entered politics and became minister for the first time. In 1946, when he decided to participate more actively in the politics of Greece, he resigned from his post National and Kapodistrian University of Athens and then he became a member of the Liberal Party. After the formation of the National Radical Union by Constantine Karamanlis, in 1955 he became a member of the party and one of the closest colleagues of Karamanlis, although, ideologically, he was a centrist-liberal and not a conservative.

He served as a member of parliament and in various ministerial positions until the George Seferis.

Tsatsos as a scholar

Konstantinos Tsatsos served as professor of the philosophy of law from 1933 since 1946, when he entered politics.
Since 1962 he was a member of the Greek Academy. His vast writing work includes textbooks of legal theory, surveys on philosophy and history, as well as literary works, poems, essays and translations of ancient Greek and Roman classics. In 1974, he presided over the parliamentary commission that submitted the first draft of the new constitution.

Writings on legal theory

Ioanna Seferiádou, wife
  • Der Begriff des positiven Rechts, Heidelberg: Weiss'sche Universitäts-Buchhandlung, 1928
  • The Problem of the Interpretation of Law, Athens: Sakkoulas, 1978 (in Greek)
  • The problem of the Sources of Law, Athens: Papadogiannis, 1941 (in Greek)
  • Introduction to Legal Science, Athens: Papazisis, 1945 (in Greek)
  • Studies on the Philosophy of Law, Athens: Ikarosa, 1960 (in Greek)
  • "Society and the Law", in Archive of Philosophy and Positive Sciences (1935) (in Greek)
  • "Le Droit et la société", in Droit, Morale, Moeurs, IIe Annuaire de l'Institut International de Philosophie du Droit et de Sociologie Juridique, Paris, 1936
  • "Contract as Legal Rule", in volume for K. Triantafillopoulos, Athens, 1959 (in Greek)
  • "Qu'est-ce-que la philosophie du droit?", in: Archives de Philosophie du Droit 7 (1962)

Surveys on history and philosophy (translations)

  • The Social Philosophy of Ancient Greeks, Athens: Estia, 1962 (in Greek)
  • Cicero, Athens: Estia, 1968 (in Greek)
  • Demosthenes, Athens: Estia, 1975 (in Greek)

Essays

  • The Greek Course, Athens: Estia, 1967
  • Anathemas and meditations, 4 Volumes, Athens: Estia, 1983-1991 (in Greek)
  • The Modern World, Athens: Editions of the Friends, 1992 (in Greek)

Literary writings

  • Palamas, Athens: Estia, 1966 (in Greek)
  • A Dialogue about poetry - A dialogue with Giorgos Seferis, Athens: Estia, 1975 (in Greek)

External links

  • (Greek) Official Biography
Political offices
Preceded by
Minister for Culture
1974–1975
Succeeded by
I.M. Panayotopoulos
Preceded by
Michail Stasinopoulos
President of Greece
1975–1980
Succeeded by
Konstantinos Karamanlis
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