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Kummanni

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Kummanni

Kummanni (Hittite: Kummiya[1]) was the name of the main center the Anatolian kingdom of Kizzuwatna. Its location is uncertain, but is believed to be near the classical settlement of Comana in Cappadocia.[2]

Kummanni was the major cult center of the Hurrian chief deity, Tešup. Its Hurrian name Kummeni simply translates as "The Shrine."

The city persisted into the Early Iron Age, and appears as Kumme in Assyrian records. It was located on the edge of Assyrian influence in the far northeastern corner of Mesopotamia, separating Assyria from Urartu and the highlands of southeastern Anatolia. Kumme was still considered a holy city in Assyrian times, both in Assyria and in Urartu. Adad-nirari II, after re-conquering the city, made sacrifices to "Adad of Kumme." The three chief deities in the Urartian pantheon were "the god of Ardini, the god of Kumenu, and the god of Tushpa."

References

  1. ^ "Kummanni." Reallexikon der Assyriologie.
  2. ^ "Kummanni." Reallexikon der Assyriologie.
  • Ernest René Lacheman, Martha A. Morrison, David I. Owen, General studies and excavations at Nuzi 9/1, 1987, ISBN 978-0-931464-08-9, p. 50f.[1]
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