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LGBT rights in Greenland

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LGBT rights in Greenland

LGBT rights in Greenland
Greenland
Same-sex sexual activity legal? Legal since 1933,
age of consent equalized in 1977 (Danish law)
Gender identity/expression
Military service Gays and lesbians allowed to serve openly (Joint Defence Command)
Discrimination protections Sexual orientation protections (see below)
Family rights
Recognition of
relationships
Registered partnership since 1996

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) rights in Greenland are very similar to those in Denmark. Same-sex sexual activity is legal, with an equal age of consent, and there are broad anti-discrimination laws. Furthermore, same-sex couples have access to registered partnerships, which provide them with nearly all of the rights provided to married opposite-sex couples.

In 1979, Denmark granted Greenland autonomy under the Home Rule Act and in 2009 extended self-government, although it still influences the island's culture and politics.

Law regarding same-sex sexual activity

As is the case with Denmark, same-sex sexual activity is not a crime.[1] It was legalized by Denmark in 1933, and age of consent equalized in 1977, two years prior to the Home Rule Act.

Recognition of same-sex relationships

Greenland adopted Denmark's registered partnership law on 1 July 1996.[2] Registered partnerships are called inooqatigiittut nalunaarsorsimasut in Greenlandic.

Denmark's marriage law, as supported by the government of Greenland, was postponed in 2014 because of early parliamentary elections held in November 2014.[3][4] A bill to legalise same-sex marriage in Greenland had its first reading on 25 March 2015 and was approved unanimously on a second reading held on 26 May 2015.[5] The law was to come into effect on 1 October 2015, but has been delayed in the Danish Parliament.

Greenland's Registered Partnership Law will be repealed on same day that the same-sex marriage law comes into effect.[6]

Adoption and family planning

Currently, there is only a chance at step-adoption,[7] lesbians are also granted more parental rights than gay men, as a law regarding IVF for female couples was legalized in 2006. Joint adoption of same-sex couples was to be legal on 1 October 2015, but bill L122, which included both same-sex marriage, adoption rights and other changes to Greenlandic family law lapsed due to the Danish general election in June and the new Liberal government has not yet put the matter back on the parliamentary agenda.

Discrimination protections

Denmarks's anti-discrimination laws apply to Greenland.[1]

LGBT rights movement in Greenland

There was an LGBT rights organization called "Qaamaneq" (Light) (2002-2007), which has organized social events.[8] The organization was reestablished in 2014 as LGBT Qaamaneq.[9]

On 15 May 2010, Greenland held its first pride parade in Nuuk.[10][11][12]

Summary table

Same-sex sexual activity legal Yes (Since 1933)
Equal age of consent Yes (Since 1977)
Anti-discrimination laws in hate crime [13]
Anti-discrimination laws in employment [13]
Anti-discrimination laws in the provision of goods and services No
Same-sex marriage(s) Yes (Pending)[14]
Recognition of same-sex couples [13]
Step-child adoption by same-sex couples [13]
Joint adoption by same-sex couples Yes (Pending)
Gays allowed to serve in the military Yes (Since 1978; Joint Defence Command responsible)
Access to IVF for lesbians Yes (Since 2006)
Right to change legal gender No
Commercial surrogacy for gay male couples No
MSMs allowed to donate blood No

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Greenland Reports
  2. ^ Yuval Merin, .Equality for same-sex couples Published in 2002.
  3. ^ (Danish) Aleqa: Der er forskelsbehandling på homo og heteroseksuelle par
  4. ^ (Danish) [1]
  5. ^ (Danish) [2]
  6. ^ (Danish)[3]
  7. ^ (Danish) Anordning om ikrafttræden for Grønland af lov om ændring af lov om registreret partnerskab m.v.
  8. ^ Gay Greenland (Denmark)
  9. ^ "Ny landsforening for lesbiske, bøsser, bisexuelle og transkønnede". Greenlandic Broadcasting Corporation, August 18, 2014.
  10. ^
  11. ^
  12. ^
  13. ^ a b c d http://old.ilga.org/Statehomophobia/ILGA_State_Sponsored_Homophobia_2013.pdf
  14. ^ L 122 Forslag til lov om ændring af myndighedsloven for Grønland, lov om ikrafttræden for Grønland af lov om ægteskabets retsvirkninger, retsplejelov for Grønland og kriminallov for Grønland


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