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La Courneuve

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Title: La Courneuve  
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Collection: Communes of Seine-Saint-Denis
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La Courneuve

La Courneuve
Town hall
Town hall
Coat of arms of La Courneuve
Coat of arms
Paris and inner ring départements
Paris and inner ring départements
Coordinates:
Country France
Region Île-de-France
Department Seine-Saint-Denis
Arrondissement Saint-Denis
Canton La Courneuve
Intercommunality Plaine Commune
Government
 • Mayor Gilles Poux
Area1 7.52 km2 (2.90 sq mi)
Population (2006)2 37,539
 • Density 5,000/km2 (13,000/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 93027 / 93 120
Elevation 29–60 m (95–197 ft)
(avg. 40 m or 130 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

La Courneuve is a commune in Seine-Saint-Denis, France. It is located 8.3 km (5.2 mi) from the center of Paris.

Contents

  • History 1
    • Heraldry 1.1
  • Demographics 2
    • Immigration 2.1
  • Transport 3

History

The history of La Courneuve begins, as that of the rest of the region, with the invasion of European tribes and the eventual conquering of the area by the Romans. During the Middle Ages, the area was like many other small villages. With its proximity to Paris, it soon became a fashionable country destination, with a number of gentry residing there. It had two notable châteaux - Sainte-Foi and Poitronville. Towards the end of Napoleon's reign, the entire area experienced large population growth. This along with improved methods of farming eventually transformed the area into the major legume producer for the Paris region.

In 1863, the first major industrial enterprise was introduced and the area soon became a strange mix of factories and farmlands. Industrial estates were juxtaposed with bean plantations and that would continue until after World War II.

During the 1960s, as Paris could no longer meet the demands of a further exploding population (largely the result of immigration from former colonies), La Courneuve, like many other suburbs of Paris, was designated as one of the "zones à urbaniser en priorité" (areas to be urbanized quickly) and was built up at a very rapid pace, with the construction of large council estates and tower blocks and other HLM developments. Between 1962 and 1968 the population nearly doubled.

Heraldry

arms of La Courneuve
The arms of La Courneuve are blazoned :
Azure, a wall embattled argent masoned sable, open to the field contain a millwheel Or above waves argent
motto: droiture et tendresse ("righteousness and tenderness")

Demographics

Immigration

Place of birth of residents of La Courneuve in 1999
Born in Metropolitan France Born outside Metropolitan France
62.6% 37.4%
Born in
Overseas France
Born in foreign countries with French citizenship at birth¹ EU-15 immigrants² Non-EU-15 immigrants
3.1% 3.5% 4.1% 26.7%
¹This group is made up largely of former French settlers, such as pieds-noirs in Northwest Africa, followed by former colonial citizens who had French citizenship at birth (such as was often the case for the native elite in French colonies), and to a lesser extent foreign-born children of French expatriates. Note that a foreign country is understood as a country not part of France in 1999, so a person born for example in 1950 in Algeria, when Algeria was an integral part of France, is nonetheless listed as a person born in a foreign country in French statistics.
²An immigrant is a person born in a foreign country not having French citizenship at birth. Note that an immigrant may have acquired French citizenship since moving to France, but is still considered an immigrant in French statistics. On the other hand, persons born in France with foreign citizenship (the children of immigrants) are not listed as immigrants.

Transport

La Courneuve is served by [[La Courneuve

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