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Lakas–CMD

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Lakas–CMD

Lakas-Christian Muslim Democrats
President Ferdinand Martin Romualdez
Chairman Bong Revilla, Jr.
Secretary-General Jose Aquino II
Founded 1991 (historical)
2008 (modern)
Merger of Lakas–CMD and KAMPI
Ideology Christian democracy,
Islamic democracy

Conservatism
Political position Center-right
Colors Gold, Blue and Green
Seats in the Senate
2 / 24
Seats in the House of Representatives
14 / 292
Provincial governorships
1 / 80
Provincial vice governorships
3 / 80
Provincial board members
18 / 926
Politics of Philippines
Political parties
Elections

Lakas–CMD (Lakas-Christian Muslim Democrats) is a center-right political party in the Philippines. Its ideology is heavily influenced by Christian and Islamic democracy. The current party originated in 2009 with the merger of the original Lakas–CMD party with the Kabalikat ng Malayang Pilipino (KAMPI); it was known as Lakas Kampi CMD until 2012. The party produced one president, Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, who was president when the two parties merged in 2009.

With Arroyo unable to run for a new term due to term limits, the party lost the 2010 presidential election with Gilberto Teodoro as its presidential nominee. The party retained its two senators, both incumbents, in the Senate election and became a part of the Liberal Party-led majority coalition; in the House of Representatives election, it won 47% of the seats contested in the district election, but most of its members were split into three groups, with naby defecting to the Liberal Party, some formed the National Unity Party, and the remaining members were split into the majority and minority blocs, with its members heading the minority. On May 11, 2012, the party decided to revert to its original name and drop Arroyo's KAMPI from the coalition.[1] Lakas–CMD is currently one of the parties in opposition. In 2013, Sen. Bong Revilla assumed the new chairman of Lakas party, and he is the possible standard bearer of the party in the next presidential election in 2016.[2]

History

President Fidel V. Ramos, founder of Lakas NUCD.

Domination (2009-10)

President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo on June 18, 2008, confirmed the historical merger of the Lakas-Christian Muslim Democrats (Lakas–CMD) and the Kabalikat ng Malayang Pilipino (KAMPI) parties. Both parties adopted the “equity of the incumbent” principle, as the merger will account for almost 200 national and 8,000 local officials, amid Mrs. Arroyo's prediction of 2010 elections victory. Prospero Nograles, Lakas President and Kampi Chair Ronaldo Puno signed the covenant at the Davao City regional caucus.[3][4] Former President and Lakas–CMD Chairman Emeritus Fidel V. Ramos announced on February 6, 2008 that Lakas–CMD would be the surviving entity after its merger with KAMPI.[5]

On August 9, 2009, Former House Speaker Commission on Elections to declare null and void the merger.[6] However, the Supreme Court ultimately upheld the legality of the merger,[7] citing the failure of de Venecia “to sufficiently show that any grave abuse of discretion was committed by the Commission on Elections in rendering the challenged resolution.”[8]

Decline (2010-present)

Since Benigno Aquino III sworn as President on June 30, 2010, the most member of Lakas-Kampi was sworn as a member of reborn Liberal Party, as traditionally as Padrino System. In 2011, the legislators led by Pablo P. Garcia establish the neutral National Unity Party similar with Nationalist People's Coalition. In 2013, the party suffered a largest decline, due to arrest the party matriarch Rep. Glora Arroyo, however the party supports the United Nationalist Alliance, with the candidates from former members move the the said party, Migz Zubiri, Richard Gordon and Mitos Magsaysay.

Party Officials

List of Party Chairmen

  • Gloria Macapagal Arroyo (2008–2009)
  • Gilberto Teodoro (2009–2010)
  • Amelita Villarosa (2010)
  • Gloria Macapagal Arroyo (2010–2011)
  • Edcel Lagman (2011-2012)
  • Bong Revilla, Jr. (2012–Present)

Candidates for the Philippine general elections, 2010

Senatorial Slate (6)
Guest Candidates

Electoral performance

President

Election Candidate Number of votes Share of votes Outcome of election
2010 Gilberto Teodoro 4,095,839 11.33% Lost

Vice president

Election Candidate Number of votes Share of votes Outcome of election
2010 Edu Manzano 807,728 2.30% Lost

Senate

This chart shows the electoral performance of the Lakas Kampi CMD in Senate elections since 2010.
Election Number of votes Share of votes Seats won Seats after Outcome of election
2010 38,123,091 13.84%
2 / 12
4 / 24
Split; PMP-led coalition, lost
2013 Did not participate N/A
0 / 12
2 / 24
Liberal Party-led coalition

House of Representatives

This chart shows the electoral performance of the Lakas Kampi CMD in House of Representatives elections since 2010.
Election Number of votes Share of votes Seats Outcome of election
2010 13,242,191 38.62%
107 / 287
Split; Liberal Party-led coalition, lost
2013 1,472,464 5.34%
14 / 292
Split; Liberal Party-led coalition, lost

References

  1. ^ [1] The Manila Times: Lakas drops GMA's Kampi from coalition
  2. ^ Boncocan, Karen (31 January 2013). "Bong Revilla a strong contender in 2016 – Lakas-CMD".  
  3. ^ manilastandardtoday.com, Lakas, Kampi merge; see victory in 2010 polls
  4. ^ GMA NEWS.TV, Lakas-CMD, Kampi merge
  5. ^ Inquirer.net, Ramos: De Venecia to remain president in Lakas-Kampi merger
  6. ^ Lakas-Kampi-CMD merger in peril
  7. ^ http://www.manilastandardtoday.com/insideNation.htm?f=2010/january/1/nation3.isx&d=/2010/january/1
  8. ^ http://www.philstar.com/Article.aspx?articleId=537212&publicationSubCategoryId=63
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