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Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada

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Title: Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada  
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Subject: Province of Canada, Parliament of the Province of Canada, William Rhodes (Canadian politician), John McConnell (Quebec politician), Benjamin-Henri Le Moine
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Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada

Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada
Assemblée législative de la province du Canada
Founded February 10, 1841 (1841-02-10)
Disbanded July 1, 1867 (1867-07-01)
Preceded by Legislative Assembly of Lower Canada
Legislative Assembly of Upper Canada
Succeeded by House of Commons of Canada
Legislative Assembly of Ontario
Legislative Assembly of Quebec

The Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada was the lower house of the legislature for the Province of Canada, which consisted of the former provinces of Lower Canada, then known as Canada East and later the province of Quebec, and Upper Canada, then known as Canada West and later the province of Ontario. It was created by The Union Act of 1840. Canada East and Canada West each elected 42 members to the assembly. The upper house of the legislature was called the Legislative Council.

The first session of parliament began in Kingston in Canada West in 1841.

The second parliament and the first sessions of the third parliament were held in Montreal. On April 25, 1849, rioters protesting the Rebellion Losses Bill burned the parliament buildings. The remaining sessions of the third parliament were held in Toronto. Subsequent parliaments were held in Quebec City and Toronto, except for the last session in 1866 of the eight and final parliament, which was held in Ottawa, the capital chosen for the Dominion of Canada.

The British North America Act of 1867 divided the Province of Canada into the provinces of Ontario and Quebec, each province having its own Legislative Assembly, as well as representation in the Parliament of Canada.

Parliament Buildings

Bonsecours Market - Parliament of Province of Canada 1849
Parliament Buildings of Upper Canada and Ontario - Parliament of Province of Canada 1849-1850 and 1859
Parliament at St. Anne's Market
Parliament Buildings in Ottawa 1866-1867

Parliament for the United Provinces of Canada drifted around the cities of Toronto, Kingston, Montreal, Quebec City and Ottawa:

List of Parliaments


The role of speaker began a tradition of alternating between English and French Canada. This tradition carried onto the role of the Speaker of the Canadian House of Commons.

Speaker Term Parliament Affiliation Residency
Austin Cuvillier 1841–1843 1st Parti canadien Canada East
Sir Allan Napier MacNab 1844–1847 2nd Reformer Canada West
Augustin-Norbert Morin 1848–1851 3rd Parti patriote Canada East
John Sandfield Macdonald 1852–1853 4th Liberal-Conservative Canada West
Louis-Victor Sicotte 1854–1857 5th N/A Canada East
Sir Henry Smith 1858–1861 6th Tory Canada West
Joseph-Édouard Turcotte 1862–1863 7th Reformer Canada East
Lewis Wallbridge 1863–1866 8th N/A Canada West

See also


  • Upper Canadian politics in the 1850's, Underhill (and others), University of Toronto Press (1967)

External links

  • Ontario's parliament buildings ; or, A century of legislation, 1792-1892 : a historical sketch
  • Assemblée nationale du Québec (French)
  • - Canada's 1st Parliament dig - unearthing of the old building in Montreal
  • Archival papers held at University of Toronto Archives and Records Management Services
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