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Leon MacLaren

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Leon MacLaren

Leon MacLaren, born Leonardo da Vinci MacLaren, (1910–1994) was a barrister, politician, philosopher and the founder of the Socrates, Dr Francis Roles, Pyotr Ouspensky, Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, and finally the philosophy of Advaita Vedānta through the Shankaracharyas of Jyoti Math[1]

Early life

MacLaren was born in [2]

Schooled at Rutlish School in Wimbledon, MacLaren later became attracted to the law and trained as a barrister.[3]

Career

MacLaren's influences include his father School of Economic Science (SES) with the support of his father.[5][6] In 1938 he was called to the bar and practised in Chambers at 2 Paper Buildings in the Inner Temple.[2][7] Some sources say MacLaren's father founded the school,[8] while others state it was Leon.[9] According to the SES web site, MacLaren introduced and developed philosophy courses to complement his economics courses. Over time the philosophy courses became SES's principal area of teaching. According to the group's literature, from the mid-1960s onwards, MacLaren presented, in addition to some of the ideas of P. D. Ouspensky, the philosophy of Advaita Vedanta, a philosophical theology of absolute non-duality as taught by the eighth-century Indian philosopher-theologian Śaṅkara.[10]

MacLaren was the prospective parliamentary Labour candidate for Epping in 1939[11] where Winston Churchill was the sitting member but the election did not take place due to the outbreak of war. He later ran for public office as the Liberal candidate for Yeovil at the 1950 election and then at Hendon South in 1951 without any success.[12] According to the SES web site, MacLaren studied Advaita Vedanta philosophy in 1965 with Shantananda Saraswati the Shankaracharya of Jyotir Math.[10] MacLaren attended a lecture by Maharishi Mahesh Yogi at the Albert Hall in London in 1959[13] and became a student of the Maharishi.[14]

According to Practical Philosophy's (founded by MacLaren) web site MacLaren spent three months in the early 1970s traveling around the world visiting the SES affiliated schools. MacLaren's illness came during his final world tour. He was brought back to England from South Africa and died in a London hospital on 24 June 1994.[15] According to his foundation web site, MacLaren wrote a book called The Nature of Society.[2] In 2009 MacLaren's former personal assistant, Dorine Tolley, published a biography of MacLaren's life called The Power Within: Leon MacLaren, A Memoir of His Life and Work.

Personal life

According to MacLaren's foundation web site he married twice, had two daughters and lived in Hammersmith and later Hampstead and Oxfordshire.[2]

References

  1. ^ pp. 2, 34, 48 and 59
  2. ^ a b c d MacLaren Foundation web site
  3. ^ a b
  4. ^ Land and Liberty, Henry George Foundation of Great Britain, 1933 p 231; 1935 p89; 1936 p94.
  5. ^ Land and Liberty, Henry George Foundation of Great Britain, 1937 p97
  6. ^ p.65
  7. ^ Unknown author Henry George Foundation web site
  8. ^ George D. Chryssides, Exploring New Religions, Continuum International Publishing (1999), page 374.
  9. ^ George D. Chryssides, Exploring New Religions, Continuum International Publishing (1999), p.293.
  10. ^ a b SES website
  11. ^ Report of the Annual Conference of the Labour Party, 1939
  12. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1950-1973 by FWS Craig
  13. ^
  14. ^
  15. ^ Unknown author Practical Philosophy web site accessed 4 February 2013

External links

  • MacLaren Foundation Official Web Site
  • School of Economic Science Official Web Site
  • Leon MacLaren and the origins of SES
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