World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

List of National Historic Landmarks in Boston


List of National Historic Landmarks in Boston

This is a list of National Historic Landmarks in Boston, Massachusetts. It includes 58 properties and districts designated as National Historic Landmarks in the city of Boston, Massachusetts, United States. Another 129 National Historic Landmarks are located in the remaining parts of the state of Massachusetts.[1]


  • Current National Historic Landmarks 1
  • Historic areas of the NPS in Boston 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Current National Historic Landmarks

The National Historic Landmarks in Boston are spread out over many neighborhoods, from the waterfront to Jamaica Plain.

[2] Landmark name Image Date designated[3] Location Description
1 African Meeting House
African Meeting House
May 30, 1974
8 Smith Ct
Beacon Hill

Also known as the First African Baptist Church, it was built in 1806 and is now the oldest black church edifice still standing in the United States.
2 Nathan Appleton Residence
Nathan Appleton Residence
December 22, 1977
39-40 Beacon Street
Beacon Hill

Residence of Nathan Appleton, a businessman involved in expanding the textile industry. His son-in-law was Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, who married Appleton's daughter Fanny in this house.
3 Arnold Arboretum
Arnold Arboretum
January 12, 1965
Jamaica Plain
Harvard University-owned arboretum, founded in 1872 and designed by Frederick Law Olmsted.
4 Frederick Ayer Mansion
Frederick Ayer Mansion
April 5, 2005
395 Commonwealth Ave.
Back Bay

The home of textile businessman Frederick Ayer, its interior is one of few designed by Louis Comfort Tiffany, and its exterior has the only surviving instance of an outside mosaic by Tiffany.
5 Beacon Hill Historic District
Beacon Hill Historic District
December 29, 1962
Beacon Hill
This architecturally significant neighborhood includes buildings designed by Charles Bulfinch, and has been home to many famous people, including nationally prominent politicians, businessmen, and academics.
6 Boston Athenaeum
Boston Athenaeum
December 21, 1965
10 1/2 Beacon Street
Beacon Hill

Home of one of the nation's oldest and largest independent private libraries, this building was designed by Edward Clarke Cabot.
7 Boston Common
Boston Common
February 27, 1987
Beacon Hill
Established in 1634, the Common is the nation's oldest public park.
8 Boston Light
Boston Light
January 29, 1964
Little Brewster Island
Boston Harbor

The nation's second oldest standing lighthouse, Boston Light was built on the site of the first lighthouse in what is now the United States. It is the only lighthouse permanently staffed by the United States Coast Guard.
9 Boston Naval Shipyard
Boston Naval Shipyard
November 13, 1966
One the nation's oldest shipyards, this shipyard is home to two NHL ships (USS Constitution and USS Cassin Young), and has the only surviving ropewalk that has not been moved or significantly altered.
10 Boston Public Gardens
Boston Public Gardens
February 27, 1987
Back Bay
The nation's first public botanical garden, it was laid out in the French Second Empire style in the 1860s.
11 Boston Public Library
Boston Public Library
February 24, 1986
230 Dartmouth Street
Back Bay

Built in the 1880s to a design by Charles Follen McKim inspired by similar European institutions, this building features murals by John Singer Sargent and Bates Hall, its large and light-filled reading room.
12 Brook Farm
100 px
July 23, 1965
670 Baker Street
West Roxbury

Site of an experimental utopian community based on Transcendentalist and Unitarian thought.
13 Bunker Hill Monument
Bunker Hill Monument
January 20, 1961
This monument, built in the mid-19th century, stands atop Breed's Hill, site of most of the fighting in the 1775 Battle of Bunker Hill.
14 USS Cassin Young (destroyer)
USS Cassin Young (destroyer)
January 14, 1986
Boston Navy Yard

A Fletcher-class destroyer, USS Cassin Young was a ship of the United States Navy. Launched during the Second World War, she saw action in the Battle of Leyte and the Battle of Okinawa. She received seven battle stars and a Navy Unit Commendation for her war service.
15 Central Congregational Church
Central Congregational Church
October 16, 2012
67 Newbury Street
Back Bay

This church has the largest intact Tiffany-designed ecclesiastical interior in its original location in America.
16 USS Constitution (frigate)
USS Constitution (frigate)
December 19, 1960
Boston Navy Yard

The world's oldest floating commissioned naval vessel. Launched in 1797, she saw action in the Quasi-War and the War of 1812. She later became a training ship, and presently serves as a museum ship. She last sailed under her own power in August, 2012, to commemorate the 200th anniversary of her victory over Guerriere.
17 Ether Dome, Massachusetts General Hospital
Ether Dome, Massachusetts General Hospital
January 12, 1965
55 Fruit Street
West End

The operating room of the Massachusetts General Hospital from 1821 to 1867, the Ether Dome was the site of the first public demonstration of the use of ether as an anesthetic.
18 Faneuil Hall
Faneuil Hall
October 9, 1960
Built on the site of a building originally donated by Huguenot merchant Peter Faneuil to the city of Boston, this iconic market building and meeting house was built in the 1760s and expanded in the 19th century by architect Charles Bulfinch. It was the site of many public meetings during the American Revolution.
19 Fenway Studios
Fenway Studios
August 5, 1998
This building was purpose-built as studios for artists in 1904-1905 in the Arts and Crafts style.
20 First Harrison Gray Otis House
First Harrison Gray Otis House
December 30, 1970
141 Cambridge St.
West End

Home built for Federalist Party leader Harrison Gray Otis, designed by architect Charles Bulfinch.
21 Fort Warren
Fort Warren
May 22, 1970
Georges Island
A 19th-century fortification built in Boston Harbor, Fort Warren saw service through the First World War. It is named for Dr. Joseph Warren, a Revolutionary War political leader who was killed in the Battle of Bunker Hill.
22 William Lloyd Garrison House
William Lloyd Garrison House
June 23, 1965
125 Highland St.

Home of abolitionist leader William Lloyd Garrison, publisher of the anti-slavery newspaper The Liberator.
23 Gibson House
Gibson House
August 7, 2001
137 Beacon Street
Back Bay

This Victorian rowhouse is believed to be the only one of its type to preserve both internal and external architectural design elements. Designed by architect Edward Clarke Cabot, the house remained in one family until being opened as a house museum in 1957.
24 Chester Harding House
Chester Harding House
December 21, 1965
16 Beacon Street
Beacon Hill

Federal style home of portrait artist Chester Harding.
25 Harvard Stadium
Harvard Stadium
February 27, 1987
95 North Harvard St.

Built in 1903, this stadium was the prototype for numerous other stadia, and was at the time the largest structure constructed from reinforced concrete.
26 Samuel Gridley and Julia Ward Howe House
Samuel Gridley and Julia Ward Howe House
May 30, 1974
13 Chestnut Street
Beacon Hill

Home of noted abolitionists Julia Ward Howe and Samuel Gridley Howe, designed by Charles Bulfinch.
27 King's Chapel
King's Chapel
October 9, 1960
Corner of Tremont and School Street

Now home to a Unitarian Universalist congregation, King's Chapel was built on the site of the first Anglican church in Boston.
28 Lightship No. 112, "Nantucket"
Lightship No. 112,
December 20, 1989
East Boston
The largest lightship ever built, and the last active lightship at the time of its nomination.
29 Long Wharf and Custom House Block
Long Wharf and Custom House Block
November 13, 1966
Foot of State Street

This wharf was constructed in the early 18th century, and was for many years one of the busiest commercial wharves in Great Britain's North American colonies. The wharf has been much shortened by land reclamation, and is now home to a hotel and other businesses.
30 Luna (tugboat)
April 11, 1989
The Luna, built in 1930, is the last surviving full-sized wooden ship-docking tug on the Gulf and Atlantic coasts of the United States. She was the world's first diesel-electric tugboat built for commercial service, and was a showpiece for Thomas Alva Edison's General Electric Corporation. Her present whereabouts are uncertain; she was last reported in 2001 to be undergoing restoration work at Boothbay Harbor, Maine.
31 Massachusetts General Hospital
Massachusetts General Hospital
December 30, 1970
55 Fruit Street
West End

The original building for the Massachusetts General Hospital, one of the nation's earliest public hospitals, was designed by Charles Bulfinch. It is the location of the Ether Dome, also a National Historic Landmark.
32 Massachusetts Historical Society Building
Massachusetts Historical Society Building
December 21, 1965
1154 Boylston St.

This building (built 1899) is home to the Massachusetts Historical Society, the oldest (founded 1791) historic society in the nation.
33 Massachusetts Statehouse
Massachusetts Statehouse
December 19, 1960
Beacon Hill
The state's capitol building, it was built in the 1790s to a design by Charles Bulfinch, with major additions executed in the 1890s to designs by Charles Brigham. The dome was originally sheathed by copper rolled by Paul Revere, but is now covered in gold leaf.
34 William C. Nell Residence
100 px
May 11, 1976
3 Smith Ct
Beacon Hill

Home of abolitionist and education advocate William Cooper Nell.
35 New England Conservatory of Music
New England Conservatory of Music
April 19, 1994
30 Gainsborough Street

The conservatory's 1903 building houses Jordan Hall, a performance space noted for its excellent acoustics.
36 New England Hospital for Women and Children
New England Hospital for Women and Children
July 17, 1991
41 and 55 Dimock St.

Designed by Dimock Center.
37 Old City Hall (Boston)
Old City Hall (Boston)
December 30, 1970
45 School St.

This building was one of the first in the nation to be designed in the Second Empire style, and served as a prototype for other such buildings, including the Old Executive Office Building in Washington, DC. Designed by Gridley James Fox Bryant and Arthur Gilman, it served as city hall from 1865 to 1969.
38 Old North Church
Old North Church
January 20, 1961
193 Salem St.
North End

This church, built in 1723 in a style inspired by English architect Christopher Wren, is the oldest active church building in Boston. It was where Paul Revere ordered lanterns hung ("one if by land, two if by sea, and I on the opposite shore will be") to notify others of British troop movements prior to the Battles of Lexington and Concord.
39 Old South Church in Boston
Old South Church in Boston
December 30, 1970
645 Boylston St.
Back Bay

Built in 1873 to designs by Charles Amos Cummings and Willard T. Sears, this church is home to one of the city's oldest congregations (established 1670).
40 Old South Meeting House
Old South Meeting House
October 9, 1960
310 Washington St.
Downtown Crossing

An active church as well as a museum, this 1729 building was where the Boston Tea Party was planned on December 16, 1773. It was also the site of other Revolutionary era public gatherings.
41 Old State House
Old State House
October 9, 1960
206 Washington St.
Downtown Crossing

This building, constructed 1712, served as the seat of Massachusetts colonial and state government until 1793, when the current state house was built. It was outside this building that the Boston Massacre took place on March 5, 1770.
42 Old West Church
Old West Church
December 30, 1970
131 Cambridge St.
West End

This 1837 church (designed by Asher Benjamin) was built on the site of an earlier church whose congregation was noted for its opposition to British rule. Its most famous preacher of the Revolutionary era was Jonathan Mayhew, who may have coined the phrase "no taxation without representation".
43 Francis Parkman House
Francis Parkman House
December 29, 1962
30 Chestnut St.
Beacon Hill

Home of noted historian and horticulturalist Francis Parkman.
44 Pierce-Hichborn House
Pierce-Hichborn House
October 18, 1968
29 North Square
North End

This house is a rare pre-Georgian brick house, built circa 1711. It is next door to the Paul Revere House, and owned by the Paul Revere Memorial Association.
45 William H. Prescott House
William H. Prescott House
December 29, 1964
55 Beacon Street
Beacon Hill

Also known as Headquarters House, this 1808 house (one half of a duplex rowhouse) was designed by Asher Benjamin and was home of the noted blind historian William H. Prescott.
46 Quincy Market
Quincy Market
November 13, 1966
South Market St.

Constructed under the auspices of Boston Mayor Josiah Quincy in the 1820s, the market was designed by architect Alexander Parris and built on land made by filling part of the harbor. The market is a popular tourist site.
47 Paul Revere House
Paul Revere House
January 20, 1961
19 North Square
North End

This house is Boston's oldest surviving house (built 1680). It was home to Revolutionary War hero, silversmith, and early industrialist Paul Revere, and is now a house museum on the city's Freedom Trail.
48 Ellen Swallow Richards Residence
Ellen Swallow Richards Residence
March 31, 1992
32 Eliot St.
Jamaica Plain

Home of Ellen Swallow Richards, who was the first female graduate of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and the first woman to receive an advanced degree in chemistry.
49 ROSEWAY (Schooner)
ROSEWAY (Schooner)
September 25, 1997
Boston Harbor
Launched on November 24, 1925 in Essex, this wooden gaff-rigged schooner was used primarily for competitive racing.
50 St. Paul's Church
St. Paul's Church
December 30, 1970
130 Tremont Street
Beacon Hill

This Greek Revival church was built in 1819 to a design by Alexander Parris. It was the first Episcopalian church built in post-independence Boston, and is now the cathedral church of the Episcopal Diocese of Massachusetts.
51 David Sears House
David Sears House
December 30, 1970
42-43 Beacon Street
Beacon Hill

This 1816 townhouse was owned by David Sears, a Boston developer, politician, and philanthropist. The Federal-style structure has a facade of carved granite.
52 Shirley-Eustis House
Shirley-Eustis House
October 9, 1960
33 Shirley St.

Built in the 1740s by colonial governor William Eustis.
53 Charles Sumner House
Charles Sumner House
November 7, 1973
20 Hancock St.
Beacon Hill

This 1851 Federal-style townhouse was home to Charles Sumner, a US Senator and vocal abolitionist.
54 Symphony Hall
Symphony Hall
January 20, 1999
301 Massachusetts Ave.

This hall has been home to the Boston Symphony Orchestra since 1900, when it was built to a design by McKim, Mead, and White. The performance space is noted for its excellent acoustics.
55 Tremont Street Subway
Tremont Street Subway
January 29, 1964
The oldest subway tunnel in North America, this tunnel entered service in 1897, and is still in service today.
56 Trinity Church
Trinity Church
December 30, 1970
Copley Square
Back Bay

Built in the 1870s to a design by H. H. Richardson, this church is an archetype of the Richardsonian Romanesque style, and is recognized as one of the "Ten Most Significant Buildings in the United States" by the American Institute of Architects. Its congregation dates to the 1730s.
57 William Monroe Trotter House
William Monroe Trotter House
May 11, 1976
97 Sawyer Ave.

Home of African-American journalist and Harvard graduate William Monroe Trotter. Trotter publisher The Guardian, and meetings of African-American activists, W. E. B. Du Bois among them, took place at this house.
58 Union Oyster House
Union Oyster House
May 27, 2003
41-43 Union St.

This is the oldest operating restaurant in the United States, opened in 1826. The building is at least 100 years older, dating roughly to the first decade of the 18th century.

Historic areas of the NPS in Boston

National Historical Parks, some National Monuments, and certain other areas listed in the National Park system are historic landmarks of national importance that are highly protected already, often before the inauguration of the NHL program in 1960, and are then often not also named NHLs per se. There are two of these in Boston. The National Park Service lists these two together with the NHLs in the state,[4]

They are:

Landmark name
Image Date established Location Description
1 Boston African American National Historic Site October 10, 1980 Boston The Park Service operates two buildings (the African Meeting House and the Abiel Smith School) of 15 locations that comprise this site. All of the site's locations are linked by the Black Heritage Trail, although only a few are open to the public.
2 Boston National Historical Park October 1, 1974 Boston The Park Service operates eight sites around Boston, most of which are on the Freedom Trail

See also


  1. ^  .
  2. ^ Numbers represent an ordering by significant words. Various colorings, defined , differentiate National Historic Landmarks and historic districts from other NRHP buildings, structures, sites or objects.
  3. ^ The eight-digit number below each date is the number assigned to each location in the National Register Information System database, which can be viewed by clicking the number.
  4. ^ These are listed on p.113 of "National Historic Landmarks Survey: List of National Historic Landmarks by State", November 2007 version.

External links

"National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places.  

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.