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List of Spanish words of Indigenous American Indian origin

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Title: List of Spanish words of Indigenous American Indian origin  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Influences on the Spanish language, Spanish language, Indigenous peoples of the Caribbean, Lists of etymologies, Indigenous languages of the Americas
Collection: Indigenous Languages of the Americas, Lists of Spanish Words of Foreign Origin
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List of Spanish words of Indigenous American Indian origin

This is a list of Spanish words that come from Indigenous languages from America, it is called "americanism". It is further divided into words that come from Arawakan, Aymara, Carib, Mayan, Nahuatl, Quechua, Taíno, Tarahumara, Tupi, and uncertain (the word is known to be from America, but the exact source language is unclear). Some of these words have alternate etymologies and may also appear on a list of Spanish words from a different language.

Contents

  • Alphabetic list 1
    • A 1.1
    • B 1.2
    • C 1.3
    • E 1.4
    • G 1.5
    • H 1.6
    • I 1.7
    • J 1.8
    • L 1.9
    • M 1.10
    • N 1.11
    • Ñ 1.12
    • O 1.13
    • P 1.14
    • Q 1.15
    • S 1.16
    • T 1.17
    • V 1.18
    • Y 1.19
    • Z 1.20
  • List by language of origin 2
    • Arawakan 2.1
    • Aymara 2.2
    • Carib 2.3
    • Mayan 2.4
    • Nahuatl 2.5
    • Quechua 2.6
    • Taíno 2.7
    • Tarahumara 2.8
    • Tupi–Guarani languages 2.9
    • Yaqui 2.10
    • uncertain derivation 2.11
  • See also 3
  • References 4

Alphabetic list

A

  • aguacate (Nahuatl awakatl)
  • ajolote (Nahuatl axolotl)
  • alpaca (Aymara and Quechua allpaqa)
  • amate (Nahuatl amatl)
  • ambú
  • atole (Nahuatl atolli)

B

  • barbacoa (Taíno)
  • batata (Taíno)
  • bejuco
  • biznaga
  • bohío
  • boricua
  • borinqueño

C

  • cacahuate/cacahuete (Nahuatl kakawatl)
  • cacao (Nahuatl)
  • cacique (Taíno)
  • cacomistle, cacomiztle, cacomixtle (Nahuatl kakomixtli)
  • caimán (Taíno)
  • calpulli (Nahuatl kalpulli)
  • camelo
  • camote (Nahuatl kamohtli)
  • campechano
  • cancha (Quechua kancha)
  • caníbal (Taíno)
  • canoa (Taíno)
  • caoba
  • capulín
  • caraota
  • Caribe (Taíno)
  • caribú
  • carioca
  • caraqueño
  • casava (Taíno)
  • catre
  • caucho
  • casabe, cazabe (Taíno)
  • casava (Taíno)
  • cayo (Taíno)
  • ceiba (Taíno)
  • chacra (Quechua chakra)
  • chayote (Nahuatl chayotl)
  • chía
  • chicle (Nahuatl tsikitl)
  • chichimeca (Nahuatl chichimeka)
  • chilacayote (Nahuatl)
  • chile, chili (Nahuatl chilli)
  • Chile
  • chileno
  • chinchilla
  • chirimoya
  • choclo (ear of cornm, Quechua chuqllu)
  • chocolate (Nahuatl xokolatl)
  • cigarro
  • condor (Quechua kuntur)
  • coquí (Taíno)
  • coyote (Nahuatl koyotl)
  • cuate
  • Cuba (Taíno)

E

  • ejote
  • elote (Nahuatl elotl)

G

  • gaucho from Quechua and Mapuche (Mapudungu) "Argentine cowboy"
  • guacamaya, guacamayo
  • guacamole (Nahuatl awakamolli <awakatl+molli>)
  • guaco, huaco
  • guagua ('child', Quechua wawa)
  • guajolote (Nahuatl huehxōlōtl)
  • guarábana
  • guanaco (Quechua wanaku)
  • guano
  • guaraní
  • guayaba (Taíno)
  • güiro

H

  • Haití (Taíno)
  • hamaca
  • henequén
  • hicaco
  • hule
  • huracán (Taíno)

I

  • iguana (Taíno)
  • inca (Quechua inka)
  • ixtle (Nahuatl)

J

  • jacal
  • jaguar (Guaraní)
  • Jamaica (Taíno)
  • jíbaro
  • jícama (Nahuatl xikámatl)
  • jícara
  • jitomate
  • jobo

L

  • lempira
  • loro
  • llama (Quechua)(animal)

M

  • mabí, maví (Taíno)
  • macana
  • macanudo
  • maguey
  • maiz (Taíno)
  • mamey
  • manatí (Taíno)
  • mandioca (Nheengatu/Guaraní manio'k / mandio)
  • mangle (Taíno)
  • maní
  • maraca
  • maracuyá
  • mate ('drink')
  • maya
  • mecate (Nahuatl mekatl)
  • mesquite
  • milpa (Nahuatl milpan)
  • mixteco (Nahuatl mixtekatl)
  • mole ('sauce', Nahuatl molli)

N

  • nahua
  • náhuatl
  • nana
  • nene
  • nigua
  • nopal (Nahuatl nopalli)

Ñ

  • ñandú
  • ñapa, yapa

O

  • ocelote (Nahuatl ocelotl)
  • ocote (Nahuatl okotl)
  • olmeca (Nahuatl olmekatl)

P

  • palta
  • pampa (Quechua)
  • papa
  • papaya (Taíno)
  • patata
  • pécari
  • petaca
  • petate
  • pinole
  • popote
  • poroto
  • potosí
  • pozole
  • pulque
  • puma (Quechua)

Q

  • quechua (Quechua qhichwa)
  • quetzal (Nahuatl)
  • quiltro
  • quisqueyano

S

  • sabana (Taíno)
  • sealey
  • sonsote, cenzotle
  • soroche

T

  • tabaco (Taíno)
  • taco
  • tamal (Nahuatl tamalli)
  • tamandua
  • tapioca
  • tapir
  • tarahumara
  • tepehuán (Nahuatl Tēpēhuanih, Tepēhuāntin, Tēpēhuanitlahtōlli, and/or Tepēhuahcān)
  • tequila (Tecuilah)
  • tiburón (Taíno)
  • tiza
  • tolteca
  • tomate (Nahuatl tómatl)
  • tucán
  • tuna
  • tuza (Nahuatl)

V

  • vicuña (Quechua wik'uña)

Y

Z

  • zacate (Nahuatl zakatl)
  • zapallo
  • zapote (Nahuatl zapotl)
  • zapoteca (Nahuatl zapotekatl)
  • zarigüeya
  • zopilote (Nahuatl zopilotl)

List by language of origin

Arawakan

Iguana Cocoa Barbecue Hurricane Hammock Savannah Tobacco Papaya Canoe Potato Jamaica Guava

Aymara

Carib

  • arepa = a typical maize bread ; a pancake, a thin cake, fried or roasted made of maize flour (from Carib arepa)
  • canoa = a typical dugout canoe made by the native Amerindians (from Carib kanawa)
  • curiara = a typical dugout canoe made by the native Amerindians (from Carib kurijara)

Mayan

chuco = adv (comp)

Nahuatl

Quechua

Quechuan /ˈkɛtʃwən/, also known as runa simi ("people's language"), is a Native South American language family spoken primarily in the Andes, derived from a common ancestral language. It is the most widely spoken language family of the indigenous peoples of the Americas, with a total of probably some 8 million to 10 million speakers

Taíno

  • canoa = a typical dugout canoe made by the native Amerindians (from Taíno canowa)

Tarahumara

Tupi–Guarani languages

Yaqui

  • buqui = boy/child
  • bichi = nude

uncertain derivation

See also

References

  • "Breve diccionario etimológico de la lengua española" by Guido Gómez de Silva (ISBN 968-16-2812-8)
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