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List of lost settlements in Hertfordshire

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Title: List of lost settlements in Hertfordshire  
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Subject: History of Hertfordshire, Hertfordshire, List of settlements in Hertfordshire by population, Great Munden, Flag of Hertfordshire
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List of lost settlements in Hertfordshire

Where current settlements are listed they are not the same as the disappeared villages. For example Stevenage relocated to be closer to the Great North Road, abandoning the previous Stevenage.

Village[1] Parish or Hundred Coordinates
Aldwick Tring
Alfledawich (Beauchamps) Layston with Buntingford
Alswick Layston with Buntingford
Aspenden II Aspenden
Ayot St Lawrence Ayot St Lawrence
Ayot St Peter Ayot St Peter
Berkeden (Berkesdon Green) Aspenden
Betlow Tring
Bordesden (Bozen Green) Braughing
Boxbury Walkern
Bricewold Hertford Hundred Unlocated
Brickendon Brickendon
Broadfield Cottered
Broadmead Tring
Burston St Stephens
Caldecote Caldecote
Chaldean Much Hadham
Chesfield Graveley
Childwick St. Michaels, St. Albans
Cockenach Barkway
Cockhamsted Braughing
Corney Bury Wyddial
Digswell Digswell
Flaunden Flaunden
Flexmere Kings Walden
Gilston Gilston
Great Munden Great Munden
Gubblecote Tring
Hainstone Odsey Hundred (? near Hinxworth) Unlocated
Hanstead St Stephens
Hixham Furneux Pelham
Hodenhoe Therfield
Ichetone (Layston) Layston with Buntingford
Kitts End South Mymms
Lewarewich (Leverage) Much Hadham/Widford near
Libury (Stutereshele) Little Munden
Mardley Welwyn
Maydencroft (Furnival Dinsley) St Ippolyts
Minsden Langley
Miswell Tring
Moor Green Ardeley
Napsbury St. Peter Rural
Nettleden II Nettleden
Newsells Barkway
North Mymms North Mymms
Oxwich Broadwater Hundred near Codicote
Pendley Tring
Plashes Standon
Queenhoo Tewin
Quickswood Clothall
Rodenhanger Norton
Sapeham Edwinstree Hundred Unlocated
Stagenhoe St Paul's Walden
Stanstead Abbots Stanstead Abbots
Stevenage Stevenage
Stivicesworde Hertford Hundred Unlocated
Stocks Aldbury
Stonebury Little Hormead
Temple Dinsley Preston
Thorley Thorley
Throcking Throcking
Thundridge Thundridge
Tiscott Tring
Titburst (Theobald Street) Aldenham
Wakeley Westmill
Wandon St Paul's Walden
Wellbury Offley
Welei (Wain Wood) Hitchin Half-Hundred (in Ippollitts) Unlocated
Wickham Bishops Stortford
Windridge St. Michaels, St. Albans
Wollenwick (Woolwicks) Stevenage

Reasons for desertion

  • Climatic change - several calamitous harvests from 1272 on, the end of the Medieval Warm Period followed by a persistently wetter and cooler climate from 1300, and disastrous years in 1317-9. Great variability in the weather, notably the seven day storm of January 1362.
  • Agrarian blight - land that had previously been the most fertile (especially toward the north-east of the county) had been overfarmed. The rise of grain prices following climatic change led to a preference for arable farming over stock. Stock levels also fell due to murrain. The consequent lack of manure from stock let to the land's fertility declining. See Great Famine of 1315-1317 and the List of famines.
  • Black Death (1348-9)
  • Migration - village relocates to be nearer major road in order to exploit passing trade, as Stevenage did in regard to the Great North Road. The new location positioned it to be an obvious choice for the core of one of the country's first new towns.
  • Pasture - the switch to pasture, exemplified by the enclosures, required less manpower, leading to the decline of village life.
  • Landscaping - village destroyed or relocated to create parkland for a noble's house. Pendley, destroyed soon after 1440 for Sir Robert Whittingham. Kitts End was incorporated in the Byng (Viscount Torrington) family's Wrotham Park estate in the 19th century having dwindled after the construction of a new Barnet - Ridge Hill road in 1826.
  • Urban growth - the growth of Baldock, Buntingford, Royston, St Albans and others with markets or monastic premises seems to have sucked the life from several villages nearby.

References

  1. ^ The Deserted Medieval Villages Of Hertfordshire 2nd Ed 1982- K. Rutherford Davis ISBN 0-901354-23-6

External links

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