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List of military operations

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List of military operations

This is a list of missions, operations, and projects. Missions in support of other missions are not listed independently.

World War I

See also List of military engagements of World War I

World War II

See List of World War II military operations

Cold War Era

Asia

Europe

  • Berlin Airlift of 1948:
    • Vittles — US part of the Berlin Airlift
    • Planefare — British part of the Berlin Airlift.
  • Gladio (?) — Stockpiles of weapons in Switzerland, Austria and other countries for resistance to Soviet occupiers.
  • Gold (1954) — covert American tunnel under the Berlin Wall
  • Neptune (1964) — Soviet-led counterintelligence operation.
  • — Annual American exercise to "return forces to Germany".
  • Retail (1946) — British clearance of naval mines laid in Albanian waters.
  • Silver (1949) — covert British communications tap in Austria
  • Danube (1968) — Warsaw Pact invasion to halt Czechoslovakia's "Prague Spring" reforms
  • Banner (1969–2007) Deployment of British troops to Northern Ireland to prevent sectarian killings and support the police during the 1969-1997 armed campaign of the Provisional IRA. Operation Banner resulted in over 700 British Armed Forces deaths and 303 police deaths at the hands of militant Irish Republicans.

South America

  • Brother Sam (1964) — A US government contingency plan to support the military coup that overthrew the Brazilian constitutional president João Goulart, if the coup had faced armed resistance
  • The track down operation (1967) — that capture and executed Che Guevara
  • Condor (1970's) — — A campaign run by then South American Military Dictatorships' intelligence services with United States' support, which goal was extrajudicial and secretly, find, capture and eliminate political dissidents who, had succeeded to escape political repression in their homelands but could be found in any of these other countries.

Central America and the Caribbean

  • Fortune (1950s) — 1951 CIA plan for a coup in Guatemala. Executed as Success.
  • Success (1954) — 1954 CIA coup in Guatemala.
  • Northwoods (1960s) — plan to incite war between the United States and Cuba.
  • Peter Pan (1960s) — transfer of Cubans to the US
  • Operation Pluto (1961) — plan to invade Cuba and overthrow its government using an CIA-trained force of Cuban exiles.
  • Mongoose (1962) — plan for information gathering, sabotage, civil insurrection and overthrow of the Cuban government.
  • Phibriglex (1962) — US plan and mock invasion by its armed forces of a Caribbean island. The exercise took place on Vieques and the purpose of the mock invasion was to overthrow a fictitious leader called "Ortsac", whose name was, in fact, Castro spelled backwards. It occurred in August, shortly before the Cuban Missile Crisis. It is also known by the names Operation Ortsac, Operation Swift Strike II and Exercise Phibriglex-62.
  • Anadyr — Cuban-Soviet plan to base nuclear weapons in Cuba; the cause of the Cuban Missile Crisis
    • Kama — Soviet plan to forward-base seven Soviet ballistic missile submarines in Mariel, Cuba (part of Anadyr)
  • Power Pack (1965) — US deployment with OEA military support in the Dominican Republic
  • Waverider (1972)
  • Cubana Flight 455 (1976) — a Cuban civilian flight from Barbados to Jamaica that was brought down by a terrorist attack did by CIA anti-Castro Cuban exiles and members of the Venezuelan secret police.
  • Urgent Fury (1983) — US invasion of Grenada
  • Contras covert operation (1980s) — Covert operations undertaken by Ronald Reagan's administration to provide financial, military, logistic and supply support for the Contras
  • Golden Pheasant (1988) — US deployment in Honduras
  • Just Cause (1989) — US invasion of Panama

Southern Africa

  • Hurricane (1972–1980) / — Operations by Rhodesian security forces against ZIPRA and ZANU guerillas in Mashonaland.
  • Overload (1974) — Rhodesian security forces operation to establish protected villages.
  • Savannah (1975–76) — South African intervention in Angola in support of the National Liberation Front of Angola (FNLA).
  • Carlota (1977) — Cuban Deployment to counter South African attacks to Angola.
  • Dingo (1977) — Rhodesian attack on camps in Mozambique.
  • Tangent (1977–1980) / — Operations by Rhodesian security forces against insurgents in Matabeleland.
  • Favour (1978–1980) / — Training of former insurgents to serve as security force auxiliaries in Zimbabwe-Rhodesia.
  • SWAPO) base at Cassinga, Angola.
  • Rekstok (1979) — South African attack on SWAPO bases in Angola.
  • Safraan (1979) — South African attack on SWAPO bases in Zambia.
  • Klipklop (1980) — South African disruption of SWAPO logistics in Angola.
  • Sceptic (1980) — South African attack on SWAPO bases in Angola.
  • Protea (1981) — South African attack on SWAPO bases near Ongiva and Xangongo, Angola.
  • Carnation (1981) — South African skirmishes with SWAPO forces along the Angolan border.
  • Meebos (1982) — South African destruction of SWAPO's "East Front" HQ at Mupa, Angola.
  • Askari (1983) — South African attack on SWAPO and People's Armed Forces for the Liberation of Angola (FAPLA) forces in Angola.
  • Phoenix (1983) — South African response to mass SWAPO infiltration of South-West Africa
  • Alpha Centauri (1986) — South African operation in support of the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA) in Angola.
  • Moduler (1987) — South African operation to reverse the FAPLA advance on Mavinga and Jamba.
  • Hooper (1988) — South African operation followup to Modular in pursuit of retreating FAPLA forces.
  • Packer (1988) — South African operation to push FAPLA and Cuban forces north of the Cuito river following Hooper.

Chad Civil War (1965–1993)

  • Bison (1969–72) (French intervention to counter FROLINAT insurgency)
  • Tacaud (1978–80) (Operation to avoid FROLINAT rebels taking Chad's capital)
  • Manta (1983–84) (Intervention in the Chad-Libyan conflict)
  • Épervier (1986–) (ongoing mission, originated to counter Libyan expansion in Chad)

Congo/Zaire

Falklands War (1982)

  • Rosario — Argentine joint operation
    • Algeciras — Planned Argentine sabotage raid.
    • Azul — Argentine invasion
  • Corporate — British liberation
    • Paraquet — British recapture of South Georgia.
    • Black Buck — British long-range bombing raid
    • Keyhole — British commando raid
    • Purple Warrior — British training exercise incorporating lessons from the Falklands War
    • Sutton — British amphibious landings

Other

Vietnam (pre-Vietnam War)

Korean War

Vietnam War

Post–Cold War

Asia

Sri Lankan Civil War

Rwanda

Other Africa

East Timor

Croatian War of Independence 1991-1995

  • Operation Otkos 10 (end Oct-Nov 1991) — Croatian actions against Serbian forces on area from Mount Bilogora to Mount Papuk (on west of Slavonia)
  • Operation Orkan 91 (1991) — Follow-up offensive after Otkos 10.
  • Harmony — Canada's contribution to the United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR), which was created in February 1992 to ensure the protection and demilitarization of three UN Protected Areas in Croatia
  • Operation Tigar (July 1992) — Croatian military actions in occupied Dubrovnik hinterland, held by Serbomontenegrin regulars.
  • Medački džep (September 1993) Croatian offensive against Serbian forces with aim of relieving the city of Gospić from Serb shelling attacks.
  • Bljesak ("Flash") (March 1995) — Croatian offensive against Serbian forces, with aim of liberating occupied western Slavonia
  • Oluja ("Storm") (August 1995) — Croatian major offensive against most areas under control of Serbian forces.

War in Bosnia and Herzegovina 1992-1995

  • Maritime Monitor (July 1992 - November 1992) — in support of UN resolutions 713 and 757, operation which subsequently became:
  • Sky Monitor (October 1992 -) — NAEW orbit over the Adriatic. On 31 October an additional NAEW orbit was commenced over Hungary
  • Deny Flight (April 1993 - December 1995) — to prevent the violation of the Bosnia-Herzegovina airspace, declared "No-Fly Zone"
  • Neretva '93 (1993) — offensive of Bosnian Muslim forces against Bosnian Croats in northern and eastern Herzegovina
  • Bøllebank ("Hooligan-bashing" in Danish) (April 1994) — UN-forces' use of tanks against Bosnian Serbian forces.
  • Amanda (1994) — Danish UN-forces' second engagement against Bosnian Serb forces.
  • Summer '95 (July 1995) — Croatian offensive in west Bosnia
  • Sword '95 (1995) — Bosnian-Serb offensive against Bosnian-Moslem forces in west Bosnia
  • Koridor '92 (1995) — One of the most successful Bosnian-Serb operations against Moslem and Croatian military forces
  • Deliberate Force (August - September 1995) — NATO air campaign in Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Tiger (1994) — offensive of pro-government Bosnian Muslim forces against forces of Fikret Abdić
  • Maestral (September 1995) — Major Croatia offensive in western Bosnia
  • Južni Potez (October 1995) — Croatia offensive in area around Mrkonjić Grad
  • Sana (1995) — Bosnian offensive in northwest Bosnia
  • Pauk (1995) — Bosnian-Serb and rebel Croatian Serb offensive in northwest Bosnia
  • Una (1995) — Failed Croatian operation against Bosnian-Serb Army. Bosnian-Serb victory
  • Joint Endeavor (December 1995) — NATO peace-keeping operation in Bosnia and Herzegovina which established IFOR
  • Joint Guard (December 1996 - 1998) — NATO peace-keeping operation in Bosnia and Herzegovina which established SFOR
  • NATO peace-keeping operation in Bosnia and Herzegovina following Operation Joint Guard

Kosovo War 1999

  • Allied Force (1999) — NATO's air campaign in Yugoslavia
  • Megaphone — Canada's return of equipment used in Kosovo
  • Potkovica ("Horseshoe") (1999) — Yugoslav army offensive against the KLA
  • Quadrant — Canada's mission in Kosovo
  • Joint Guardian - which established KFOR

Macedonia

  • Able Sentry (1993–94) — Berlin Brigade deployed as part of Multi-National United Nations Protection Forces (UNPROFOR) to the Republic of Macedonia to establish Camp Able Sentry and monitor sanctions imposed by NATO against Serbia/Kosovo. *This mission was later taken over by the (then) Germany-based, 3rd Infantry Div (Mech)
  • Essential Harvest (2001) — month-long NATO mission of disarming ethnic Albanians in Macedonia
    • Forage — Canadian contribution to NATO's Essential Harvest
  • Kinetic — Canada's contribution to NATO's mission KFOR to secure Kosovo and Macedonia and to provide humanitarian needs to displaced persons
  • Echo — Canada sending air forces to Aviano, Italy to enforce a no-fly zone over Balkan region (UNSFOR and UNKFOR)
  • Mountain Storm — Macedonian special police operation against Albanian extremists (2007).

Haiti

Persian Gulf War

Iraq (post-Gulf War)

Georgia

  • Georgia — Failed Attempt to Capture Tskhinvali
  • Russia — military operation repelling Georgian attack on South Ossetia

Armenia (Nagorno-Karabakh War)

  • Wedding in the Mountains (1992) — Liberation of the town of Shushi by the Armenian Armed Forces during the Nagorno-Karabakh War

Arab-Israeli Conflict

Global War on Terror and other associated activity

Afghanistan War

Iraq War

Other military counter-terrorist operations

Terrorist operations

Counter-terrorism drills

Preventive counter-terrorist operations

Reactive counter-terrorist operations

Other/Unknown

Law Enforcement

US Drug Enforcement Administration Operations

Other anti-narcotic operations

Anti-child pornography operations

Operations against intellectual property theft

  • Buccaneer (2001) — International raid on software pirates.
  • D-Elite (2005) — US raid on software pirates.
  • Fastlink (2004) — International operation against pirated computer software.
  • Site Down (2005) — International crackdown on pirated movies.

Other operations

Humanitarian Operations

Other

Non-military operations

External links

  • Canadian Department of National Defence — Past Operations
  • The Art of Naming Operations
  • A Name Too Far
  • WW2DB: List of Axis Operations
  • WW2DB: List of Allied Operations
  • عملية Operación Opération Operation 行动 Oперация: A poem by Moez Surani comprising the names of military operations by member states of the United Nations from the founding of the UN to the present.

References

  1. ^ Operation Desert Sabre
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