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List of retired Pacific typhoon names (JMA)


List of retired Pacific typhoon names (JMA)

This is a list of all Pacific typhoons that have had their names retired by the Japan Meteorological Agency. A total of 22 typhoon names have been retired since the start of official tropical cyclone naming in the western North Pacific Ocean in 2000. Tropical cyclone names are retired by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) in a meeting in January. Those typhoons that have their names retired tend to be exceptionally destructive storms. Several names were removed or altered naming list for various reasons other than retirement. Collectively, retired typhoons have caused over $47 billion in damage (2014 USD), as well as over 5,600 deaths.

General information

In 2000, the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) began naming tropical cyclones from a list of 140 names, submitted by 14 countries. Previously, the JMA labeled storms with numbers, but not names. The JMA has been the official warning agency of the western Pacific Ocean since 1981, though other organizations have also tracked typhoons. The Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) unofficially named tropical cyclones from 1947 to 1999.[1] During this time period, there were several pre-determined tropical cyclone lists, in which many names were removed and replaced with others.[2] The Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) names tropical cyclones using a separate list, which is adjusted periodically.[3]

Several names were removed from the list. In 2002, the name Hanuman was replaced prior to being used, due to objection by the India Meteorological Department for reason of religion.[4] Additionally, the name Kodo was replaced in 2002 without being used.[5] In 2004, the names Yanyan and Tingting were removed at the request of the Hong Kong Observatory.[5][6] A total of nine names on the list had their spellings changed.[5]

List of retired typhoons

Listed by chronological order

Name Replacement
Season Areas
Vamei Peipah 2001 Malaysia
Chataan Matmo 2002 Guam, Chuuk
Rusa Nuri 2002 South Korea
Pongsona Noul 2002 Guam
Imbudo Molave 2003 Luzon (Philippines), China
Maemi Mujigae 2003 South Korea
Sudal Mirinae 2004 Yap
Rananim Fanapi 2004 China
Matsa Pakhar 2005 China
Nabi Doksuri 2005 Japan
Longwang Haikui 2005 China, Taiwan
Chanchu Sanba 2006 China
Bilis Maliksi 2006 China, Taiwan
Saomai Son Tinh 2006 China
Xangsane Leepi 2006 Philippines, Vietnam
Durian Mangkhut 2006 Philippines, Vietnam
Morakot Atsani 2009 Philippines, Taiwan, China
Ketsana Champi 2009 Philippines, Vietnam
Parma In-fa 2009 Philippines
Fanapi Rai 2010 Taiwan, China
Washi Hato 2011 Philippines
Bopha TBA 2012 Micronesia, Palau, Philippines
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency — Best Track 1951-2012[7]
List of Names for Tropical Cyclones adopted by the typhoon committee
for the Western North Pacific Ocean and the South China Sea[5]

Listed by intensity

This lists all retired typhoon by their peak intensity, which is determined by measurements of the minimum central pressure.

Name 10-minute maximum
sustained winds
Knots Km/h Mph Mbar (hPa)
Vamei 45 85 50 1006
Washi 50 95 60 992
Bilis 60 110 70 970
Ketsana 70 130 80 960
Morakot 75 140 85 945
Matsa 80 150 90 950
Rusa 80 150 90 950
Rananim 80 150 90 950
Xangsane 85 155 100 940
Pongsona 90 165 105 940
Sudal 90 165 105 940
Imbudo 90 165 105 935
Chataan 95 175 110 930
Longwang 95 175 110 930
Chanchu 95 175 110 930
Fanapi 95 175 110 930
Nabi 95 175 110 925
Parma 100 185 115 930
Bopha 100 185 115 930
Saomai 105 195 120 925
Durian 105 195 120 915
Maemi 105 195 120 910
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency — Best Track 1951-2012[7]

Listed by damage

This lists all retired Pacific typhoons by their total damages (in 2014 USD). Typhoon names are generally retired for one of two reasons, either because they were particularly damaging or particularly deadly. Some data may be incomplete and account for damages in only one location while the storm affected several areas. Calculation of modern-day damage amounts is done using the Consumer Price Index.[8]

Name Season Damage
Unadjusted USD 2014 USD
Vamei 2001 $3.6 million $4.79 million[9]
Chataan 2002 $59.9 million $78.5 million[10]
Rusa 2002 $6.6 billion $8.65 billion[11]
Pongsona 2002 $730 million $957 million[12][13]
Imbudo 2003 $340 million $436 million[14][15]
Maemi 2003 $4.8 billion $6.15 billion[11]
Sudal 2004 $14 million $17.5 million[16]
Rananim 2004 $2.4 billion $3 billion[17]
Matsa 2005 $2.23 billion $2.69 billion[18]
Nabi 2005 $535 million $646 million[18]
Longwang 2005 $980 million $1.18 billion[19]
Chanchu 2006 $875 million $1.02 billion[20]
Bilis 2006 $4.4 billion $5.15 billion[21]
Saomai 2006 $1.5 billion $1.75 billion[22]
Xangsane 2006 $747 million $874 million[23][24]
Durian 2006 $508 million $594 million[25][26]
Ketsana 2009 $1.18 billion $1.3 billion[27]
Parma 2009 $6.49 billion $7.14 billion
Morakot 2009 $7.69 billion $8.46 billion
Fanapi 2010 $1 billion $1.08 billion
Washi 2011 $31.5 million $33.1 million
Bopha 2012 $1.04 billion $1.07 billion

Listed by deaths

This lists retired Pacific typhoons by the number of deaths they caused. Typhoons names are generally retired for one of two reasons, either because they were particularly damaging or particularly deadly. Most storms cause fatalities not by their high winds but rather through flooding—either storm surge or inland flooding due to rainfall. Storm surge has the highest potential for deaths. With modern forecasting, warning, and evacuations, storm surge deaths can be nearly eliminated; however, the potential is still very high for catastrophe in places where warning systems are not in place or if warnings are ignored. Inland flooding, by contrast, is unpredictable because it depends heavily on the system's interaction with the terrain and with other nearby weather systems.

Name Season Deaths
Sudal 2004 None[16]
Pongsona 2002 1 indirect[12]
Vamei 2001 5 direct[9]
Matsa 2005 29 total[18][28]
Nabi 2005 32 total[18]
Chataan 2002 54 total[29][30]
Imbudo 2003 64 total[31]
Fanapi 2010 105 total[32]
Rusa 2002 113 total[11]
Maemi 2003 117 total[11]
Longwang 2005 148 total[33][34]
Rananim 2004 188 total[35]
Chanchu 2006 268 total[36]
Xangsane 2006 312 total[24][37][38]
Saomai 2006 458 total[21]
Parma 2009 500 total
Morakot 2009 789 total
Ketsana 2009 710 total
Bilis 2006 859 total[39][40]
Bopha 2012 1,146 total
Washi 2011 1,268 total [1]
Durian 2006 1,497 total[41][42]

See also

Tropical cyclones portal


External links

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