World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

List of tropical cyclone records

Article Id: WHEBN0012180947
Reproduction Date:

Title: List of tropical cyclone records  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of tropical cyclones, November 8, Tropical cyclone
Collection: Lists of Tropical Cyclones, Lists of Weather Records
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

List of tropical cyclone records

This is a condensed list of tropical cyclone records.[1]

Contents

  • Major records 1
  • See also 2
  • Notes 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Major records

Characteristic Record Date Location Note
Most intense
(lowest central pressure)
870 mb (hPa) (25.69 inHg) October 12, 1979 Typhoon Tip in northwest Pacific Ocean [2][3]
Most intense
(official 1-minute maximum sustained surface winds)
90 m/s (200 mph, 175 kt, 325 km/h) October 23, 2015 Hurricane Patricia in eastern Pacific Basin [4]
Most intense
(unofficial 1-minute maximum sustained winds)
96 m/s (215 mph, 186 kt, 345 km/h) September 12, 1961 Typhoon Nancy in northwest Pacific Basin [3]
Most intense
(10-minute maximum sustained winds)
72 m/s (160 mph, 140 kt, 260 km/h) October 12, 1979 Typhoon Tip in northwest Pacific Basin [5]
Fastest intensification 100 mb (hPa), from 976 mb (hPa) to 876 mb (hPa) in under 24 h September 22 - 23, 1983 Typhoon Forrest in the northwest Pacific Ocean [6][7]
Highest wind gusts 113 m/s (253 mph, 220 kt, 408 km/h) April 10, 1996 Cyclone Olivia in Barrow Island, Australia [8]
Highest storm surge 14.5 m (48 ft) March 5, 1899 Cyclone Mahina in Bathurst Bay, Queensland, Australia [9]
Highest overall rainfall 6,083 mm (239.5 in) January 14 - 28, 1980 Cyclone Hyacinthe in Reunion Island [10]
Largest tropical cyclone
(diameter)
Gale winds (17 m/s, 34 kt, 39 mph, 63 km/h) extending 2,220 km (1,380 mi) October 12, 1979 Typhoon Tip in northwest Pacific Ocean [2][11]
Smallest tropical cyclone
(winds from center)
Gale winds (17 m/s, 34 kt, 39 mph, km/h) extending 16 km (10 mi) from center October 7, 2008 Tropical Storm Marco in Bay of Campeche [12]
Largest Eye
370 km (230 mi) August 20, 1960 Typhoon Carmen in northwest Pacific Ocean [13]
Smallest Eye
3.7 km (2.3 mi) October 19, 2005 Hurricane Wilma in Caribbean Sea [14]
Warmest Eye 32.2 °C (90.0 °F) at 758 hPa height October 23, 2015 Hurricane Patricia in eastern Pacific Ocean [15]
Longest lasting tropical cyclone 31 days August 11 - September 10, 1994 Hurricane/Typhoon John in northeast and northwest Pacific Basin [16]
Longest distance traveled by tropical cyclone 13,280 km (7,165 mi) August 11 - September 10, 1994 Hurricane/Typhoon John in northeast and northwest Pacific Basin [17]
Longest lasting category 5 winds 5.50 days September 9–14, 1961 Typhoon Nancy in west Pacific Basin [18]
Costliest tropical cyclone $108 billion (2005 USD) in damages August 29, 2005 Hurricane Katrina in western Atlantic and the Gulf of Mexico [19]
Deadliest tropical cyclone c. 500,000+ fatalities November 12, 1970 1970 Bhola cyclone in Bay of Bengal [20]
Closest formation to the equator 1.4° N December 26, 2001 Tropical Storm Vamei in the South China Sea [21]
Heaviest natural object moved 177 short tons (354,000 lb) November 8, 2013 Typhoon Haiyan on Samar Island, Philippines [22]

See also

Notes

 It is believed that reconnaissance aircraft overestimated wind speeds in tropical cyclones from the 1940s to the 1960s, and data from this time period is generally considered unreliable. Consequently, the record 215 mph measured in Typhoon Nancy may be higher than the actual value.

References

  1. ^
  2. ^ a b
  3. ^ a b
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^ The Japan Meteorological Agency is the official Regional Specialized Meteorological Center for the western Pacific Ocean.
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^
  12. ^
  13. ^
  14. ^
  15. ^
  16. ^
  17. ^
  18. ^
  19. ^ http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/HAW2/english/history.shtml
  20. ^
  21. ^
  22. ^

External links

  • Tropical Cyclone Records from the Global Weather & Climate Extremes (World Meteorological Organization)
  • Bureau of Meteorology, Australian Cyclone History
  • Discussion of size extremes for tropical cyclones near Australia
  • title=Typhoon Ophelia Record: Had a 5000 mi traveling
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.