World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Littlemore

Littlemore

Saints Mary and Nicholas parish church
Littlemore is located in Oxfordshire
Littlemore
 Littlemore shown within Oxfordshire
Population 7,421 (2001 census)[1]
OS grid reference
Civil parish Littlemore
District Oxford
Shire county Oxfordshire
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Oxford
Postcode district OX4
Dialling code 01865
Police Thames Valley
Fire Oxfordshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Oxford East
Website Littlemore Parish Council Oxfordshire
List of places
UK
England
Oxfordshire

Littlemore is a district and civil parish in Oxford, England. The civil parish includes part of Rose Hill. It is about 2.5 miles (4 km) southeast of the city centre of Oxford, between Rose Hill, Blackbird Leys, Cowley, and Sandford-on-Thames.

Contents

  • History 1
  • St Nicholas' Priory 2
  • Minchery Farmhouse 3
  • Churches 4
    • Church of England 4.1
    • Roman Catholic 4.2
  • Littlemore Hospital 5
  • Littlemore Park & SAE Institute 6
  • Railway 7
  • Notable residents 8
    • John Henry Newman 8.1
    • Other residents 8.2
  • See also 9
  • References 10
  • Sources 11
  • External links 12

History

In the Middle Ages, and perhaps earlier, most of Littlemore was a detached part of the parish of St Mary the Virgin in Oxford.[2] The rest of the township was in the parish of Iffley.[2] Littlemore was not made a separate ecclesiastical parish until 1847. It became a civil parish in 1866.[3]

Until the early 20th century Littlemore was rural. Extensive development started in the 1920s and continued in the 1950s.[2]

St Nicholas' Priory

Early in the 12th century Sir Robert de Sandford founded a priory of Benedictine nuns on a piece of land called Cherley.[4] It was dedicated originally to Saints Mary, Nicholas and Edmund, but within a few years this was reduced to only St Nicholas.[4] The location of Cherley was described variously as Sandford or Littlemore until the middle of the 13th century, after which it was referred to always as Littlemore.[4]

Sir Robert endowed the priory with six virgates of land in Sandford parish.[4] Subsequent members of the de Sandford family made further endowments: another nine virgates of land in Sandford, 10 shillings a year from Wytham, tithes from Bayworth and Lambourn, and land at Garsington, Kennington, Sydenham, Oxfordshire and Liverton in the parish of Chilton.[4] At one time the priory also claimed the advowson of St Mary's parish church at Puttenham, Hertfordshire and held land at Bureweya or Bergheia in the parish of Soham in Cambridgeshire.[4] King Henry III paid 40 shillings a year to maintain a prebendaria at the priory and in 1232 granted the priory one hide of land at Hendred.[4]

In 1445 Dr John Derby visited the priory on behalf of William Alnwick, Bishop of Lincoln.[4] Seven nuns were living there but their dormitory was in such disrepair that they did not sleep in it, for fear it would collapse.[4] The nuns were breaking their Rule by eating meat every day, three lay women were boarding at the priory, and a Cistercian monk frequently visited and drank with the prioress.[4]

In 1517 Edmund Horde visited the priory on behalf of a subsequent Bishop of Lincoln, William Atwater.[4] He found that the prioress, Katherine Wells, had an illegitimate daughter, the father was a priest who still visited her, and Wells had taken much of the priory's goods and pawned its valuables to provide the girl with a dowry.[4] There was no food, clothing or spending money for the nuns.[4] Within the last year another of the nuns had had an illegitimate child whose father was a married man in Oxford.[4] Some of the other nuns had rebuked Wells but she had responded by putting them in the stocks.[4]

There were five nuns, and Wells had ordered them all to tell Mr Horde that all was well.[4] Bishop Atwater summoned and examined Wells, who admitted these irregularities had been going on for eight years.[4] Atwater deposed her but allowed her to remain in post for the time being, provided she did nothing without Mr Horde's approval.[4] Nine months after Mr Horde's report, Bishop Atwater visited the priory himself.[4] He found that Wells had taken revenge on those nuns who had told the truth, putting one in the stocks for a month and kicking and punching another nun in the head.[4] Another nun continued to misbehave, romping (luctando) with boys in the cloister and refusing to stop.[4] When she was put in the stocks as a punishment, three other nuns released her and burnt the stocks.[4] When Wells tried to rebuke them, the four escaped from the priory via a window and went to stay with friends for two or three weeks.[4]

In 1524 Thomas Wolsey, the Lord Chancellor, recommended that the priory be dissolved.[4] In February 1525 the priory was dissolved and the prioress was pensioned off.[4]

Minchery Farmhouse

Minchery Farmhouse, latterly the Priory pub

One building of the priory survived. It has been identified as the east range of the cloister garth, with the chapter house and other rooms on the ground floor and the nuns' dormitory on the first floor.[5] In about 1600 it was remodelled as Minchery Farmhouse.[5] Later it was extended, probably late in the 18th century.[6] As Littlemore became more developed, the house was changed first into a country club and later into the Priory pub, which closed in 2013.[7]

The house is now a Grade II* listed building.[6] In 1970 the historian William Pantin published a conjectural plan of the priory church, refectory and other buildings arranged around a cloister west of the surviving building.[8] In the summer of 2012 The East Oxford Archaeology & History Project excavated part of Minchery Farm Paddock.[9] It found walls of a well-built Medieval stone building at right-angles to the farmhouse. Finds of fine pottery, metalwork, decorated tiles and animal bones suggest it was a domestic building.[9] The building is roughly where Pantin postulated that the refectory may have been.[8]

Churches

Roman Catholic church of Blessed Dominic Barberi

Church of England

St Nicholas' priory had a priory church, but until the 19th century Littlemore had no parish church. In 1828 John Henry Newman was appointed vicar of St. Mary's and he started agitating for a separate church at Littlemore. The new parish church of Saint Mary and Saint Nicholas was designed by the architect H.J. Underwood, built in 1835[10] and consecrated in 1836.[2] The chancel and northeast tower were added in 1848, and the vestry in 1918.[10] The church is in a Gothic Revival style and became a model for smaller churches of the time.[2]

Roman Catholic

The Roman Catholic Church of Blessed Dominic Barberi was built in 1969.[5]

Littlemore Hospital

Dominating the southeast side of Littlemore on Sandford Road is the Littlemore Mental Health Centre, which includes Ashurst Psychiatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU).[11]

Across the road is the former Littlemore Asylum building, founded in 1846,[12] sold in 1996 [13] and has been converted to private dwellings and renamed St George's Manor, along with several newbuild blocks named Surman House and Radcliffe House. Mandelbrote Drive, which serves the estate, is named for the association with Bertram Mandelbrote, whose pioneering work in the area of the therapeutic community[14] ultimately led to the move to new accommodation and sale of the building to private developers.

Littlemore Park & SAE Institute

The SAE Institute moved its headquarters in 2008 to the former Yamanouchi building, itself using a building from the former hospital. The building was acquired by RO Developments Limited in 2005 from Yamanouchi (more recently Astellas Pharma). RO Developments then converted the former hospital and extensively refurbished the building prior to selling to SAE Institute in 2008.

Railway

The Wycombe Railway opened Littlemore railway station in 1864 as part of its extension from Thame to Oxford.

In 1963 British Railways withdrew passenger services between Princes Risborough and Oxford and closed all intermediate stations including Littlemore. The line through Littlemore remains open for freight traffic between the Didcot   Oxford main line at Kennington Junction and the BMW Mini factory at Cowley.

Notable residents

The College

John Henry Newman

Littlemore is now probably best known for the work of

External links

  •  
  •  
  •  
  • Sherwood, Jennifer;  

Sources

  1. ^ "Area selected: Oxford (Non-Metropolitan District)". Neighbourhood Statistics: Full Dataset View. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 3 April 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Lobel 1957, pp. 206–214
  3. ^ Vision of Britain
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y Page 1907, pp. 75–77
  5. ^ a b c Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 689
  6. ^ a b "Minchery Farmhouse". National Heritage List for England.  
  7. ^ "Football fans dismayed at closure of Priory pub".  
  8. ^ a b Pantin 1970, p. 23.
  9. ^ a b "Minchery". Archaeology of East Oxford. East Oxford Archaeology & History Project. Retrieved 15 October 2013. 
  10. ^ a b Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 688
  11. ^ A-Z of services by location - OBMH
  12. ^ Marshalls Oxfordshire Places - Littlemore
  13. ^ http://www.oxfordshirehealtharchives.nhs.uk/hospitals/littlemore_hospital.htm
  14. ^ THERAPEUTIC COMMUNITIES. The Journal of the Association of Therapeutic Communities. From the Archives 3
  15. ^ "Edmund Arnold Greening Lamborn (1877–1950)". Oxfordshire Blue Plaques Scheme.  

References

See also

The local historian Edmund Arnold Greening Lamborn lived at 34 Oxford Road, Littlemore from 1911 to 1950.[15]

The Reverend Hayman Cummings, who wrote a book College Stamps of Oxford and Cambridge, was chaplain of Littlemore Hospital.

The trade unionist Henry Broadhurst (1840–1911) was born in the village, the son of a local stonemason.[2]

Other residents

and members of an International Religious Order are residents and custodians of the College. [2] bought the property in 1951,Birmingham Oratory active in England at the time. Passionist, a prominent Dominic Barberi (a sensation at the time), and was accepted into the faith by Father Roman Catholic Church There he took up orders with the [2]

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.