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Loharu State

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Loharu State

Loharu State
लोहारू रियासत
Princely State of British India
1806–1947

Flag of Loharu

Flag

Location of Loharu
Loharu at the edge of Punjab (British India), 1903
Capital Loharu
History
 •  Established 1806
 •  Accession to the Union of India 1947
Area
 •  1901 570 km2 (220 sq mi)
Population
 •  1901 15,229 
Density 26.7 /km2  (69.2 /sq mi)
Today part of Haryana, India
Loharu 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica

Loharu State was one of the princely states of India during the period of the British Raj.[1] It was part of the Punjab States Agency and was a nine-gun salute state.[2]

Loharu State encompassed an area of 222 square miles (570 km2), and was situated in the south-east corner of the undivided Punjab province, between the district of Hissar and the Rajputana Agency.[3] In 1901, the state had a population of 15,229 people, of whom 2,175 were resident in the town of Loharu.[4]

History

Loharu town, the seat of the state's administration town got its name from the Lohars or local blacksmiths who were employed in the minting of coins for the erstwhile Jaipur State.[5] The princely state of Loharu was founded by Ahmad Baksh Khan in 1803 when he received the town of Loharu from the British East India Company as a reward for his services against the Jat rulers of Bharatpur (along with the pargana of 'Firozepur Jirka' (now in Gurgaon district) from Lord Lake).[6][7][8]

Sir Amiruddin Ahmad Khan
Nawab of Loharu,1884-1920.

Ahmad Baksh Khan was succeeded by his eldest son, Sams-ud-din Khan in 1827, his reign did not last long: in 1835 he was executed by the British Raj for being involved in the conspiracy to kill the British Resident to Delhi, Sir William Frazer ,[9][10] subsequently the pargana of Firozepur was taken away by the British, and the state of Loharu was given to his brother Amin-ud-din and Zia-ud-din Khan. Both were themselves kept under surveillance after the Indian Rebellion of 1857 for some time, before being released and their positions restored.

The haveli of 'Nawab of Loharu', known as Mahal Sara, lies in Gali Qasim Jan, Ballimaran, where his son-in-law, noted poet Mirza Ghalib stayed for a few years, whose own haveli lies a few yard away.[11][12] Now a gali is known as Kothi Nawab Loharu lane in Ballimaran, Chandni Chowk, Delhi.[13]

Loharu State, State Court Fee Stamp, 8 Annas, issued under Nawab Amin ud-din Ahmad Khan
(r. 1926-1947)

Alauddin Ahmed Khan succeeded his father Amin-ud-din Khan in 1869, and received the title of Nawab. Alauddin’s son, Amir-ud-din Ahmad Khan (1859–1937), after managing the state on his father’s behalf, succeed him in 1884, though from 1893 to 1903, he remained administrator and adviser of the state of Maler Kotla, during this time the state was being handled by his younger brother Bashiruddin Ahmed Khan, in 1903; Amir- ud-din Ahmad Khan also received the K.C.S.I honour from the British Government, and after 1 January 1903 was allowed a 9 gun personal salute, then on,[6] and later became a member of the Viceroy of India's legislative council.[4][14]

In 1920, he abdicated to his second son, Aizzuddin Ahmad Khan, though he died early in 1926, leaving the state to his son, Amin ud-din Ahmad Khan (1911–1983) - the last Nawab,[15] however since the new Nawab was still young, Amirud-din Ahmad Khan stepped in and took care of the state till 1931.[16]

After the Independence of India in 1947, the state acceded unto the Union of India and many of the ruling family and the city's Muslim inhabitants re-settled in Lahore, Pakistan, though the Nawab and his direct descendants (except for the eldest daughter of Nawab Aminuddin Ahmed, Mahbano Begum who lives in Islamabad), stayed on, in India.[9]

Nawabs of Loharu

Lineage
Nawab Reign
Ahmad Bakhsh Khan 1806–1827
Sams-ud-din Khan 1827–1835
Aminuddin Ahmad Khan 1835 - 27 February 1869
Allauddin Ahmad Khan 27 February 1869 – 31 October 1884
Amiruddin Ahmad Khan, K.C.S.I 31 October 1884 - April 1920 (abdicated)
Azizuddin Ahmad Khan April 1920 - 30 October 1926
Aminuddin Ahmad Khan II 30 October 1926 – 15 August 1947

Notable members of the Loharu dynasty

The ruling family of Loharu was linked by blood or marriage to several important Muslim personalities of the 19th century, including:

Post-Independence

Loharu descendants in Pakistan

  • Jamiluddin Aali, (born 1926, Delhi), Urdu poet, playwright.[21]
  • Mahbano Begum, (born 1934, Loharu), eldest daughter of Nawab Aminuddin Ahmad, married to H. E. Dr. S. M. Koreshi, Ambassador of Pakistan.[9]

References

  1. ^ Loharu Princely State (nine gun salute)
  2. ^ Salute
  3. ^ 1909 location map of Loharu in British Punjab
  4. ^ a b Loharu 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica.
  5. ^ Loharu Town The Imperial Gazetteer of India, 1909, v. 16, p. 170.
  6. ^ a b Loharu State The Imperial Gazetteer of India, 1909, v. 16, p. 169.
  7. ^ Chapter 5: My Loharu Connection The Battle Within, by Brigadier Mirza Hamid Hussain, Pakistan Army 33. 1970. ISBN 969-407-286-7 -.(ebook)
  8. ^ The State of Loharu Indian States: A Biographical, Historical, and Administrative Survey, by Somerset Playne, R. V. Solomon, J. W. Bond, Arnold Wright. Asian Educational Services, 2006. ISBN 81-206-1965-X.Page 691.
  9. ^ a b c Loharu family’s get-together in capital – Islamabad Dawn, 26 May 2005.
  10. ^ The Story of Many Moons ArabNews, "Sams-ud-din Khan is one of the characters in the historic novel, Kai chand thay sar-e asman (novel), by Shamsur Rahman Faruqi."
  11. ^ HC fiat to Centre, Delhi Govts on poet Mirza Ghalib's haveli Indian Express, 12 April 1999.
  12. ^ Delhi Hunger and History in Delhi Jauymini Barkataky, Civil Society, April 2007 Edition.
  13. ^ Senior Secondary Panama Building Girls School in the Kothi Nawab Loharu lane in Ballimaran Indian Express, 8 October 2008.
  14. ^ a b Sir Sayyid Ahmad Khan 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica
  15. ^ Genealogy of the Nawabs of Loharu Queensland University.
  16. ^ Loharu Rulers worldstatesmen.org.
  17. ^ "Eighth Nawab" of Loharu Alauddin Ahmed Khan The Tribune, 23 August 2007.
  18. ^ Bhiwani district www.haryana-online.com.
  19. ^ Nawab of Loharu
  20. ^
  21. ^ Pakistani PoetJamiluddin Aali - Dawn, 5 June 2008.

External links

  • Media related to at Wikimedia Commons
  • Loharu State - Royalark
  • Genealogy of the Nawabs of Loharu Queensland University

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