World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

London Greenpeace

Article Id: WHEBN0015942292
Reproduction Date:

Title: London Greenpeace  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Bob Lambert (undercover police officer), Richard Rampton, Stop the City, McLibel case, 2001 disestablishments
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

London Greenpeace

London Greenpeace was an Anarchist environmentalist activist collective that existed between 1972 and 2001. They were based in London, and came to international prominence when two of their activists refused to capitulate to McDonald's in the landmark libel case known as "McLibel". It was not affiliated to Greenpeace.


  • Origins 1
  • Political affiliation 2
  • McLibel 3
  • Dissolution 4
  • Undercover police 5
  • See also 6
  • References 7


In 1972 a group of activists around [1] Initially called the group campaigned to stop the testing of French nuclear weapons in the Pacific. As part of this the group held a London to Paris march.

London Greenpeace were not affiliated with Greenpeace. Greenpeace was formed out of a rough coalition of various environmentalist groups in 1971, many of whom were already using the name "Greenpeace". London Greenpeace emphatically wanted to remain independent of this new and larger Greenpeace, which they saw as being too "centralized and mainstream for their tastes".[2]

Political affiliation

London Greenpeace's politics have primarily been informed by [1] campaign Against the Arms Trade, and supportive of the Animal Liberation movement. In the 1980s they were involved with the Stop the City campaigns,[3] whilst the 1990s saw them helping to initiate the London-wide Reclaim The Streets Network. They are viewed as one of the first Anarchist groups to promote a specifically environmentalist message.

During the second half of the 1970s the group pioneered the campaign against nuclear power, and worked with a number of [1] London Greenpeace was also involved in the opposition to the Falkland War, and co-founded the Anti-Falkland War Support network.

London Greenpeace gained public attention with the McLibel case, which became well known as one of the first SLAPP suits against freedom of expression. McDonald's Restaurants sued London Greenpeace, which later morphed into "McDonalds vs Steel and Morris". The case lasted for 15 years and was finally was settled in 2005. The McLibel case became famous because McDonalds lost the public relations case in the public mind.


In 1990 McDonald's issued proceedings against five London Greenpeace supporters, Paul Gravett, Andrew Clarke and Jonathan O'Farrell, Helen Steel and David Morris, for libel. The company offered to withdraw actions against each individual in return for an apology and an undertaking not to repeat the claims. The activists had been distributing a pamphlet throughout London containing allegations regarding starvation in the Third World, destruction of rainforest, the use of recycled paper, links between the company's food and heart disease & breast/bowel cancer, false advertising, the rearing and slaughter of animals, food poisoning, and employment practices. Of the five defendants, Gravett, Clarke and O'Farrell apologised to McDonald's, while Steel and Morris (often referred to as "The McLibel Two") refused.

Almost all of London Greenpeace's resources and efforts went to helping the pair over the years the case was heard, but in 1997 both defendants lost and were ordered to pay McDonald's £60,000. However, the extended court battle was a public relations failure for McDonald's; the company decided not to pursue the two defendants for the money.


In 2001 London Greenpeace issued a public statement announcing their dissolution.[4] While the McLibel action brought fresh energy, publicity and urgency to the organisation, this did not last long, and the group felt it best to permanently suspend their efforts.[4]

Undercover police

During October 2011 activists from the group exposed Dr Robert Lambert, whom they had known as Bob Robinson, as being a former undercover cop which has infiltrated the group. There are now a number of court cases which centre upon Bob Lambert and other Undercover police officers.

See also


  1. ^ a b c "London Greenpeace - History and Past Campaigns". Retrieved 12 December 2013. 
  2. ^ No Logo, Naomi Klein, p. 388.
  3. ^ The Story of Crass, George Berger, p. 247.
  4. ^ a b Animal Rights News in UK
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.