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Lustleigh

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Lustleigh

Lustleigh
Lustleigh is located in Devon
Lustleigh
 Lustleigh shown within Devon
Population 600 [1]
OS grid reference
District Teignbridge
Shire county Devon
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town NEWTON ABBOT
Postcode district TQ13
Dialling code 01647
Police Devon and Cornwall
Fire Devon and Somerset
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament Teignbridge
List of places
UK
England
Devon

Lustleigh is a small village and civil parish nestled in the Wrey Valley, inside the Dartmoor National Park in Devon, England. It sits between the towns of Bovey Tracey and Moretonhampstead.

The village is focused around the parish church of St John the Baptist. Surrounding this are old buildings, many of which are thatched. There is a village shop, garage, tea room and a pub. There was formerly a Post Office but this closed in 2009, however the village is currently served by an outreach Post Office located in the shop.

Contents

  • History of the village 1
  • Lustleigh now 2
    • Places of interest 2.1
  • Places of worship 3
    • Church of St John the Baptist 3.1
      • Church bells 3.1.1
    • East Dartmoor Baptist Church 3.2
    • Gospel Hall 3.3
    • Roman Catholic Chapel 3.4
  • Village events 4
    • May Day celebrations 4.1
    • Lustleigh Village Show and Dance 4.2
  • The Railway and Lustleigh 5
  • References 6
  • Bibliography 7
  • External links 8

History of the village

The area where Lustleigh now stands has been inhabited since before records began as shown by the remains of stone hut circles, which can still be seen in the 'Cleave' (meaning 'Cliff' or 'Cleft', which is the defining geological feature of the valley) and the presence of an ancient burial monument "Datuidoc's Stone" which dates from before 600 AD.

Whilst the name Lustleigh (or any variation) is not found in the Domesday Book, it is believed that the village was recorded under the name of Sutreworde,[2] Anglo-Saxon for 'south of the wood'.

At that time, the Lord of the Manor was Ansgar, who controlled 12 farms of around 1,200 acres (4.9 km²) plus a large area of forest. Unusually for the Domesday Book, beekeeping was mentioned as a key activity of the parish. At the time of the Domesday Survey, there were around 155 people living in the village. Lustleigh continued as an estate manor until the beginning of the 19th century when it was broken up and sold off.

Over time, the village expanded from its original boundaries (signified by the Bishop's stone at Caseley as the entrance, and the Wrey brook in the valley), to encompass the area beyond the Wrey brook (known as Wreyland) which was previously a separate village - although its residents attended Lustleigh's parish church - and out to Brookfield (in 1957).

Lustleigh now

View of Lustleigh Church, the Celtic Cross and Primrose Tea Rooms from Wreyland

The village has a population of between 600 and 700 (614 at the 1991 census),[3] who are served by a number of public amenities, which include:

  • The Village Hall - reopened in February 2005 (much enlarging and improving the previous facility).
  • The Dairy - the village shop, with everyday grocery items and locally produced specialities. The building is owned by the village, and leased to a shopkeeper. Limited Post-office facilities are now available in The Dairy.
  • The Cleave Public House - the local pub, which was converted from a farmhouse into 'The Cleave Hotel' with the coming of the railway to the village.

Places of interest

  • Celtic Cross - a granite monument in front of the church on the village green, next to the Primrose Cottage tea rooms, and up the hill from the Gospel Hall on Wreyland path.
  • Wreyland - This area of Lustleigh is considered picturesque, due to the large number of thatched houses, including Wrayland Manor, Souther Wreyland, Yonder Wreyland and the Tallet House. Wreyland was not formerly a part of Lustleigh, but was incorporated into the village in the 19th century.
  • The Orchard - common land donated to the village some years ago, with a children's playground. A large granite boulder, topped by a granite throne, is used for the annual coronation of the May Queen (see Lustleigh May Queen below).
  • Kelly Mine - old mine workings, occasionally opened to the public. Opened for tours at other times by appointment.
  • The Cleave - Lustleigh Cleave, meaning "cliff" or "cleft", is the large geological feature from which the village pub derives its name. Paths criss-cross the Cleave (which is mostly common land) and surrounding fields, meadows and woods. Walkers may enjoy the views to the moor from the ridge or the lazy bubble of the River Bovey as it flows along the wooded valley bottom. Wildlife to be seen includes deer, rare butterflies and the pretty river bird, the dipper. In early June the slopes are covered in masses of bluebells and foxgloves.
  • Pullabrook Woods - These woods are managed in parts by the Woodland Trust, English Nature and Dartmoor National park, nestle at the foot of the moors, and are a destination for walkers and riders. They are accessible from the village, either along Knowle Road, to where the twin bridges over the Wrey run, or from Rudge down either the Heaven's Gate or Hisley paths.[4]
  • The Bishop's Stone - Commemorating the visit of the Bishop of Exeter, this stone, at the bottom of Caseley Hill and the top of the station approach road can still be seen, although worn by years of neglect.
  • Datuidoc's Stone - Lustleigh's most ancient monument, dating from around 550-600 AD is now in the church, and marked a burial site in a graveyard on the site of the present church.

Places of worship

Lustleigh has three places of worship:

Church of St John the Baptist

Church tower of St John the Baptist, Lustleigh

The church of St John the Baptist is the village's Church of England parish church. It is at the centre of the village.

The oval shape of the churchyard suggests that a Romano-British burial ground may have first occupied this site. This conjecture is supported by the presence of Datuidoc's Stone in the north aisle (originally in the porch), dating from around 550-600 AD.

The first part of the church, including the basic rectangle and the south porch, was built around 1250.[5] The south chapel was added in the early 14th century by the Lord of the Manor, Sir William le Prouse. The church tower was built in the late 14th century. In the 15th century the north aisle was built, including removal of the north wall and replacing it with pillars.

The last major addition to the church was the vestry, built in Victorian times.

The church graveyard contains the remains of former Lustleigh residents. The graveyard is now full, and with the exception of those with family plots, new burials take place at the modern cemetery on Mill Lane. A memorial lamp, donated by James Nutcombe Gould (1849-1899) and his wife Edith (1859-1900), is now a Grade II listed object.[6]

Church bells

In 1553, the inventory of church goods lists Lustleigh as having four bells, which was normal at the time (most churches having either three or four). In October 1864 the Reverend H. T. Ellacombe recorded that Lustleigh had four bells, cast by Thomas Castleman Bilbie of Cullompton in 1799. The Bilbie family were prolific founders and bellhangers and examples of their work still exist in Devon. These Bilbie bells would almost certainly have been recast from the metal of the previous bells, probably near the church as transporting bells once cast was difficult. Two of the inscriptions on the bells included the names of the churchwardens of the time, Elias Cuming and John Amery, although Ellacombe's notes spell Cuming differently on each bell; this may be an error on his part or more probably on the part of the foundry.

In 1875 William Aggett of Chagford, a local bellhanger, hung a fifth bell, a new treble, in the tower; it was cast by Taylors bellfoundry of Loughborough who are still in business. In 1923 Gillett & Johnston of Croydon recast all the bells and augmented them to six with a tenor bell weighing 12 long cwt (610 kg). These are the bells that hang in the church today and ring out on Sunday morning and other times. The inscription of the old bells was reproduced on the new bells, although Gillett & Johnston reproduced the name "Bilbie" as "Billie" on every bell. The bells were substantially overhauled in 2008 by Nicholson Bellhangers and the tower steeple keeper Robert Brown of Bovey Tracey.

East Dartmoor Baptist Church

The Baptist Church is on Rudge Hill, and was built in around 1853[7] by people of the village, most notably including the large Amery family, who have one of the longest associations with the village.

Gospel Hall

The Gospel Hall is below the village green, next to the Primrose Cottage tea rooms, on the Wreyland path. The congregation was formed in the 1900s when worship was conducted in the homes of adherents. Sometime in the early 20th century, Mrs L. A. Whiteside made the building available to the congregation. This continued until 1971, when the congregation purchased the building from the landlord, and it is still active today.

Roman Catholic Chapel

There was previously a private Roman Catholic chapel, beside Pixies Cottage on Mapstone Hill. The owner, Dolly Walmsley, moved away in 1984, leading to the sale of the cottage and chapel, and the cessation of church services.

Village events

May Day celebrations

The May Queen Rock in the village orchard

The May Day celebrations are the biggest event of the year for the village, with a carnival procession, maypole dancing, and crowning of the May Queen. The May Day tradition had lapsed until 1905, when Cecil Torr revived it. The celebrations have since been held on the first Saturday in May. Initially the 'crowning' took place on a hillside above Wreyland. The granite boulder where the ceremony took place has inscribed upon it the names of all the May Queens up to the beginning of the Second World War when the event was suspended.

In 1954, the celebrations were again revived and moved to the Town Orchard where the May Queen's throne was erected on a rock. Like its predecessor this rock, known as the May Day Rock, has the names of all the May Queens inscribed on it from 1954 to the present. In May 2000 a new throne was unveiled at the May Day celebrations. The throne was cut from granite from the nearby Blackingstone Quarry. It was designed by Doug Cooper and carved by Warren Pappas; on it is inscribed 'MM'.

May Queen Rock detail

The May Queens since the revival in 1905 were:

Year Queen Year Queen Year Queen
1905 Mabel Bunclarke 1941 No Ceremony 1977 Debbie Seabrook
1906 Olive Chudley 1942 No Ceremony 1978 Heather Wright
1907 Annie Menhennett 1943 No Ceremony 1979 Julie Osbourne
1908 Amy Wyatt 1944 No Ceremony 1980 Susan Aggett
1909 Florrie Valance 1945 No Ceremony 1981 Rebecca French
1910 Ethel Squires 1946 No Ceremony 1982 Jeanette Palmer
1911 Alice Howard 1947 No Ceremony 1983 Lisa Rowe
1912 Dorothy Motton 1948 No Ceremony 1984 Debbie Goodfellow
1913 Muriel Brimblecombe 1949 No Ceremony 1985 Sarah Jane Lilley
1914 Janie Lake 1950 No Ceremony 1986 Carolyn Tapson
1915 Guinevere Morecombe 1951 No Ceremony 1987 Salley Ann Lilley
1916 Irene Crockford 1952 No Ceremony 1988 Rebecca Merriott
1917 May Yeoman 1953 Gillian Williams 1989 Kim Hopwood
1918 Gertrude Parker 1954 Myra Brock 1990 Coralie Olver
1919 Gladys Waldron 1955 Patricia Powell 1991 Abigail Mabey
1920 Vera Hill 1956 Janet Horrell 1992 Katie Jacoby
1921 May Wonnacott 1957 Helen Beard 1993 Simone Olver
1922 Phyllis Yeoman 1958 Christine Moore 1994 Lisa Roberts
1923 Florrie Aggett 1959 Iona Jones 1995 Natalie Davis
1924 Josephine Wilson 1960 Jayne Nelson 1996 Rebecca Drewett
1925 Romola Wills 1961 Jennifer Perry 1997 Laura Dale
1926 Dolly White 1962 Ruth Matthews 1998 Louise Baudouy
1927 Phyllis Yeoman 1963 Carola Woodger 1999 Daisy Beare
1928 Kathleen Cooper 1964 Jaqueline Kennett 2000 Emma Wills
1929 Mary Marshall 1965 Patricia Johnson 2001 Joely Badger
1930 Winifred Horrell 1966 Angela Woodger 2002 Harriet Knowles
1931 Brenda Osbourne 1967 Vivienne Jenkin 2003 Lucy James
1932 May Clarke 1968 Suzanne Beaumont 2004 Annie Reddaway
1933 Winifred Olding 1969 Jane Aggett 2005 Chloe May Wright
1934 1970 Wendy Harvey 2006 Anna Bell
1935 1971 Julie Germon 2007 Jessica Beare
1936 1972 2008 Alice James
1937 1973 Diane Aggett 2009 Kirsty Heather
1938 1974 Caroline Williams 2010 Bryony Bell
1939 1975 Annette Stephens 2011 Lauren Heather
1940 2012 Celia Coleman 1976 Catherine Beaumont 2013 Abigail Pelling 2014 Harmony Bidder

Lustleigh Village Show and Dance

On August Bank Holiday Monday the village hosts a large show, which in 2010 attracted more than 4500 visitors. The show has classes for items ranging from fruit and vegetables to photography, as well as a horse show and a dog show. There are also stalls and activities, a 10 km charity run, terrier racing, displays from local charities and sheep shearing demonstrations.

The show is usually held in the fields at Kelly Farm, although during the Foot and Mouth year it was held on the field next to the cricket field.

It is not known when the show started, but it gradually grew to incorporate the local flower show, previously held at the Conservative Hall (where the village hall now stands). Until 1990, the Lustleigh horticultural society organised the show, but subsequently a separate committee organised it. In 1998, this split further, with the growing horse show being organised separately from the rest of the show.

Surplus funds raised from the show are spent in the village on numerous community projects and good causes. Thus far more than £15,000 has been reinvested in the village.

The show is sometimes preceded on the Saturday by the "can't miss" show dance: the locals gather in the show tent for music, dinner and dancing. For the dance most of the village dresses in costume for a night's entertainment in a themed tent. The music is often provided by a local band, such as Scratch, who have featured in the show since 1997.

The Railway and Lustleigh

Lustleigh station in 1969

Lustleigh Station, and the smaller Hawkmoor or Pullabrook Halt, were stops on the Moretonhampstead and South Devon Railway, a 12.3 mile (20 km) branch of the South Devon Main Line from Newton Abbot to Moretonhampstead.

The Moretonhampstead and South Devon Railway company was formed in 1861, and work on the line commenced in 1863. The line opened to the public in 1866 and converted from broad gauge to standard gauge in 1892.

The railway brought tourists to the area, and this led to local business flourishing. The conveniently placed Gatehouse Farm was converted into the Cleave Hotel, still the village pub to this day. The railway was also used by local industries: farmers' produce, nursery plants and blacksmiths' products were all sent by train.

The railway also served the nearby Hawkmoor County Sanatorium, just outside of the village, with a specific station called Hawkmoor Halt (later Pullabrook Halt), near to Pullabrook woods at the edge of the village.

The station was used in 1931 for the film 'Hound of the Baskervilles', its name being temporarily changed (Ewans 1964).

Railway traffic grew until the 1930s when it went into decline. Despite a significant summer tourist trade, being featured in many contemporary guide books to the region, traffic was not enough to cover rising costs.

In 1957, the possibility of closure was reported in the Mid Devon Advertiser. In 1959 the last passenger service ran, although freight trains continued. The line closed in 1964 (several years before the Beeching axe).

Several miles of the line between Bovey Tracey and Lustleigh, some of which is now a public path, are planned by the council to become a cycle track. The old Lustleigh station house is visible from the old railway bridge at Brookfield, as are the Brookfield, Caseley and Knowle bridges.

References

  1. ^ "2011 Census - ONS". Statistics.gov.uk. 2011-03-27. Retrieved 2015-10-13. 
  2. ^ A. Jones in the Book of Lustleigh, 2001
  3. ^ Crowdy, 2001, Book of Lustleigh
  4. ^ [2]
  5. ^ Robinson T., 2001, in Book of Lustleigh
  6. ^ "Lantern on Churchyard Wall of Church of St John About 6 Metres East of Lychgate - Lustleigh - Devon - England". British Listed Buildings. 1986-07-03. Retrieved 2015-10-13. 
  7. ^ Cutts & Green, 2001, in Book of Lustleigh

Bibliography

  • Torr, Cecil (1918) Small Talk at Wreyland. 3 series. Cambridge University Press, 1918, 1921, 1923 (combined edition by Adams & Dart, 1970)
  • Ewans, M. C. (1964) The Haytor Granite Tramway & Stover Canal. Newton Abbot: David & Charles; p. 43
  • Crowdy, J. (ed) (2001) The Book of Lustleigh. Halsgrove ISBN 1-84114-107-0

External links

  • Entry in Kelly's Directory of Devon & Cornwall, 1893
  • The Lustleigh Society
  • Lustleigh show Website
  • Lustleigh Village Hall Home Page
  • Information about Kelly Mine
  • Photographs from the Lustleigh Society collection, in the Dartmoor Archive
  • "GENUKI article on Lustleigh". Retrieved 2009-05-25. 
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