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Ma Zhancang

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Subject: Kashgar, Battle of Yarkand, East Turkestan independence movement, Isma'il Beg, Tawfiq Bay
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Ma Zhancang

Ma Zhancang
Born 馬占倉
Allegiance Flag of the Republic of China Republic of China
Years of service 1929-1937
Rank general
Unit 36th Division (National Revolutionary Army)
Commands held General in the 36th Division (National Revolutionary Army)
Battles/wars Kumul Rebellion, Battle of Kashgar (1933), Battle of Sekes Tash, Battle of Kashgar (1934), Battle of Yarkand, Battle of Yangi Hissar

Ma Zhancang(simplified Chinese: 马占仓; traditional Chinese: 馬占倉; pinyin: Mǎ Zhàncāng; Wade–Giles: Ma Chan-ts'ang) was a Hui Chinese Muslim general of the 36th Division (National Revolutionary Army), who served under Generals Ma Zhongying and Ma Hushan. At the Battle of Kashgar (1933), he repulsed an attack of Uighurs led by the Syrian Arab Tawfiq Bay, wounding Tawfiq.[1] He fought against Uighur and Kirghiz rebels, and destroyed the First East Turkestan Republic after defeating Uighur and Kirghiz fighters at Kashgar, the Battle of Yarkand, and the Battle of Yangi Hissar in 1934.[2][3][4] He killed the Uighur leaders Timur Beg, Abdullah Bughra, and Nur Ahmad Jan Bughra.[5] .


  1. ^ "FIGHTING IS SEVERE Tungans and Turkis Clash in Chinese Turkestan". The Montreal Gazette. 11 October 1933. Retrieved December 12, 2010. 
  2. ^ S. Frederick Starr (2004). Xinjiang: China's Muslim borderland. M.E. Sharpe. p. 77.  
  3. ^ James A. Millward (2007). Eurasian crossroads: a history of Xinjiang. Columbia University Press. p. 197.  
  4. ^ Mary Patricia Joan Rouse (1992). Search for a new dominion: revolt and rebellion in Xinjiang, China during the Republican period, 1911-1949. Ithaca: Cornell University. p. 34. Retrieved 2010-06-28. 
  5. ^ Andrew D. W. Forbes (1986). Warlords and Muslims in Chinese Central Asia: a political history of Republican Sinkiang 1911-1949. Cambridge, England: CUP Archive. p. 123.  

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